WorldView: Human Nature
WorldView: Human Nature
Differentpeople have different perspectives regarding various issues. Thesevarying viewpoints are studied using a mental model known as theworldview. Therefore, worldview is a framework of attitudes and ideasabout life, a comprehensive system of beliefs, or the world (Palmer,2000). Worldview can include normative postulates or naturalphilosophy. It is an important tool for analyzing and explaining whydifferent individuals or groups of people believe or behave the waythey do. This paper will focus on the view of human nature, with themain focus on its significance in Christian, Islam, and Buddhismreligions. The paper will also address the manifestation of the viewof human nature in the social environment. The rationale forselecting the view of human nature is that nearly al subculturesbelieve in human beings have divine essences, but these sub-groupsexplain the divine essences in different ways. This makes the view ofhuman nature an interesting topic of study.
Althoughmany religious groups (including the Christians, Islam, andBuddhists) view the human being as a divine entity, their generalview of human nature varies in several ways. Christian religion holdsthat human life is made up of the body, the spirit, and the soul. Thespirit connects the human soul to the creator. Christianity considersall lives to be precious, but human life is sacred (Kis, 2000). Thisis because Christianity holds that human beings were created in theimage of God and live to fulfill the will of God. Although humanbeings are part of the earth’s life cycle and depend on itsbiosystem, their lives stand above the lives of non-human species.Christians attribute this notion to the fact that human life proceedsfrom the creator and its continuity as well as its end depends onHim. However, Christians acknowledge the sinful nature of humankind,which separates human soul from the maker.
Similarto Christians and Muslims believe that everything (including thehuman beings) was created by God and depends on God for existence(Ashraf, 2013). According to the Islamic religion, human beings aredualistic in nature, which means that the human being is a termreferring to a combination of soul and body. The primary role of thesoul is to give life to the body. The soul derives thoughts,feelings, volition, and behavior of human beings. The human capacityto explore the soul is limited, which implies that the Islam religiongives little information about the soul.
Buddhistsbelieve that all things are impermanent, which means that everythingthat is associated with an aspect of being a human has an end.Buddhism religion upholds the concept of “no soul”. According toBuddhism, human existence is a composite of about five aggregates,which include feelings, the physical form, ideation, consciousness,and mental formations (Maguire, 2014). Unlike Christianity and Islam,Buddhism does not focus on the link between human and thesupernatural powers.
Thedifference in perception about human nature becomes apparent whenindividuals of different religion interact in a social context. Forexample, a Christian, who is in a social relation to a group ofBuddhists, finds it difficult to convince a Buddhist to seek forsupernatural assistance in times of difficulties, such as sickness.This is because Buddhists do not believe the existence of a soul thatis a major connector between human beings and God (Maguire, 2014).
Inconclusion, human nature is viewed differently in different socialand religious groups. Both the Christian and Islam religions holdthat human beings derive their lives and existence from thesupernatural powers. Buddhists, on the other hand, do not support theidea of the existence of the soul, which the source the connectionbetween human beings and God. Therefore, Christians believe in theexistence of human beings in the form of a soul, body, and spiritIslam believes in the existence of human beings in the forms of thebody and the soul, while Buddhist holds that human nature exist inthe form of feelings, the physical form, ideation, consciousness, andmental formations.
Ashraf,H. (2013). Humannature in Islamic perspective.Karachi: Institute of Business Administration.
Kis,M. (2000). TheChristian view of human life.Silver Springs, MD: Ministry Magazine.
Maguire,J. (2014). Buddhistview of human nature.Washington, DC: Religious facts.
Palmer,B. (2000). TowardA Theory of Cultural Linguistics.Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.