Urinary tract infections

Urinarytract infections

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Urinarytract infections

Theurinary tract can be defined as the system that makes the urine andalso carries it in the human body. Entry of germs in the urinarytract can easily cause an infection. These infections that tend toaffect the urinary tract are referred to as the urinary tractinfections. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the urinary tractinfection from a nursing perspective.

Discussion

Mostof the urinary tract infections are the bladder infections. Thebladder infection is usually not serious especially if treated earlyenough. However, if the bladder infection is not taken care of earlyenough, it spreads to the kidney. The kidney infection tends to bemore serious since it can cause a permanent damage. This problem liesunder the nursing context. The nurses are expected to help thepatients as well as the community on living right. Living rightsimply means teaching them the strategies that will help them toprevent from contracting the infection. Nurses are also obligated inthe diagnosis of already infected patients (Hari &amp Bagga, 2011).

Thenurses’ intervention on the urinary tract infections is of greatsignificance. The clinical problem has great potential of impactingadverse effects to the lives of the infected patients. It is truethat knowledge is power. The great significance of nurses’intervention here is that nurses are the closest allies of thepatients. Unlike doctors and other medical practitioners, nursesalways have a direct contact with patients and members of thecommunity day in day out. This means that they have an excellentopportunity of equipping the community with the essential knowledgeof preventing themselves from the urinary tract infections. Theurinary tract infections are preventable if hygienic practices areemployed (Gorman et al., 2008).

Theresponsibility of teaching the public the hygienic practices thatwill keep them safe UTIs lies on the nurses. They also make sure thatthe public are aware of the symptoms of UTIs so that they can presentthemselves for treatment early enough. The effects of UTIs are alsomade clear to the public by the nurses so as to make the publicvigilant and to practice preventive measures. It is the obligation ofthe nurses to teach the public people who are most vulnerable tothese infections. This will help them to be vigilant and also helpthe caregivers to be on the watch out in case the person getsinfected (Benner et al., 2009).

Onthe infected members of the community, the nurses are obligated toundertake them through a minor diagnostic process on symptom-basedbefore sending them for examination and treatment. They need toprovide information to the patient the infection sources, preventivemeasures to its spread, antibiotic’s administration, the diagnosticexamination prior to the inspection and examination. This knowledgeaims at reducing anxiety and develops patient’s adherence to thetherapeutic plan. It is also the obligation of nurses to ensure thatthe patient or the patient’s closest people have written agreementsfor a continued treatment as well as written instruction for afterexamination care (Institute of Medicine, 2011).

Thenurses are also obligated to teach the UTI patients on how to livewith and the techniques to make use of so as to have a quickrecovery. These techniques include encouraging the patients to drinkample amount of water approximately eight glasses of water and berryjuices. Nurses are also required to create an opportunity for the UTIpatients to express their concerns and feelings about the treatmentplan subjected to them. This will help them to detect the possibilityof non-compliance. From hence, the nurse will formulate atherapeutic plan that will enhance acceptance (Rané &amp Dasgupta,2013).

Thereis much to be expected from the BSN-prepared nurses. The colleges anduniversities have come to appreciate the fact nursing is a disciplinethat impacts great health outcomes since it entails both direct andindirect care activities. These institutions have incorporatedbaccalaureate programs that provide rich opportunities for thepractice experiences. These practice experiences embedded inbaccalaureate programs prepare the nursing students to careeffectively for various patients across the care continuum andlifespan. The practice experiences require the student to interactwith a variety of providers as well as patients thus gainingexperience of what is expected in advance. It makes them wellprepared for field work (Institute of Medicine, 2011).

Thebaccalaureate programs advocate student’s competency andproficiency more than anything else. They enhance that students aresubjected to leadership development programs, systems or organizationunderstanding, information management, the evidence-based practiceand the technologies’ integration into practice. It also enhancesthat nurses are equipped with the quality improvement strategies andcomprehensive assessment skills. This is a clear indication that theBSN and college based nurses have great potential in offeringproficient nursing skills (Rané &amp Dasgupta, 2013). Studentswill enter the market fully equipped thus offering quality direct aswell as indirect care to the society.

Thenurses’ competence will be of great benefit to the society inseveral ways. Research has indicated that with correct training onnurses, there will be lower mortality rates, positive outcomes, andless medical errors. All these aspects are the results ofpreparedness brought about by graduate degree and college levels.These results will benefit the society to a great extent. The societywill be receiving quality and proficient medical care. They will alsobe receiving essential training from the nurses that will be helpingthem to employ principles that will help to live right and preventthemselves from all preventable infections (Gorman et al., 2008).

Everyperson is prone from getting infected from the urinary tractinfection. However, there are some individuals in the society who aremore vulnerable to the UTIs than others. One of the groups ofindividuals that are more prone of being infected with UTI is peopleliving with nerve damage and spinal cord injuries. This is becausethey have difficulties in emptying the bladder completely. Thisallows the bacteria to grow in the urinary system as a result ofurine staying in the bladder. Women are also more vulnerable tocontracting the UTIs as opposed to men. The urinary tract infections’bacteria stay in the large colon (Hari &amp Bagga, 2011). There is agreater chance of these bacteria reaching the urinary tract of womenthan that of men. The old women also are more vulnerable to theinfections than young women.

Accordingto the research conducted, people who cannot urinate normally aremore prone to the infections than those who urinate normally. Thefact that as women tend to age tends to fail in urinating normallyputs them to a more vulnerable position of contracting theinfections. The cost of treatment of an uncomplicated UTI is morethan 300 USD just for the doctor visit, the urine culture,antibiotics, and pain relieving. For instance, UTI examination fee is80 to 100 USD, urine culture is 30 to 45 USD and Las Vegas charges is60 USD with exemption of medication and antibiotics. A visit to anurgent care centre costs about 90 USD while visiting an emergencyroom for a similar problem is approximately 465 USD (Institute ofMedicine, 2011).

Thenurses provide care to the UTI patients in a number of ways. One ofthe ways is teaching the patients on how to use the Urinarycatheters. These are usually used by the elderly. They encourageminimizing the urinary catheters’ use. The nurses have noted thatthe indwelling catheters pose a chief risk for the infection of UTI.The bacterial colonization is universal when the catheters remain inthe situ for a number of days. They hence encourage people to avoidthe catheters unless they have to be used. Refraining from usingthese urinary catheters will help these people from contracting theseinfections (Gorman et al., 2008).

Summary

Theurinary tract can be defined as the system that makes the urine andalso carries it in the human body. The urinary tract infectionusually take place as a result of bacteria present in large colonscomes into contact with the urinary tract. Nurses have a significantobligation in ensuring people are safe from getting infected withUTI. They are, however, obligated to ensure that the patientsinfected receive the right medication and follow every therapeuticprocedural step. Since the role of nurses is giving both direct andindirect care the management of UTI lies greatly on nurses.Governments should enhance that BSN as well as college nursingcurriculum offer the best to nursing students to make sure that thesociety receive best services in return.

References

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transformation.Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teach. San Francisco:Jossey-Bass.

Brunner,L. S., &amp Smeltzer, S. C. O. C. (2010).&nbspBrunner&amp Suddarth`s textbook of medical-surgical nursing.Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams &ampWilkins.

Gorman,L. H., Meyers, D., &amp Ovid Technologies, Inc. (2008).&nbspClientteaching guides for home

healthcare.Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Hari,P., &amp Bagga, A. (2011).&nbspUrinarytract anomalies and infections in children.New Delhi: Elsevier.

Instituteof Medicine. (2011). Thefuture of nursing: Leading change, advancing health.Washington, DC:National Academies Press

Rané,A., &amp Dasgupta, R. (2013).&nbspUrinarytract infection: Clinical perspectives on urinary tract infection.London: Springer.

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