Unit7: Scenario Project: Investigative Plan
Unit7: Scenario Project: Investigative Plan
Crimeinvestigation is a critical process that plays a role in crimedeterrence. However, an effective investigation should followwell-defined steps in order to help investigators in identifying theculprits and collecting data that can result in their successfulprosecution. This paper will provide an outline of the steps thatshould be used to investigate the robbery crime in city X. The paperwill also address the assistive technology required, measures foranalyzing patterns of robbery, data synthesis, types of investigativeunits, supplies, and the process of acquiring funds.
Listof investigative steps
Step1: Approaching the scene
Aneffective crime investor starts the investigation even beforearriving at the scene of the crime. This means that the investorsshould turn on the power of observation as they approach the streetswhere crime has occurred and make a mental note of all that can beseen close to the scene of crime (Penven, 2014).
Step2: securing and protecting the scene of the crime
Onceat the scene, investigators should protect the scene from furtheraccess by civilians. This is based on the notion that initialresponders did not disrupt the available physical evidence.Protection should be achieved by placing sentries in all possiblepoints of entry into the scene of crime (Penven, 2014).
Step3: Preliminary survey
Preliminaryinvestigation involves the examination of the exterior of a buildingand peripheries of the crime of scene to determine if there is anyobservable evidence, such as open windows, or damaged doors (Penven,2014).
Step4: Evaluation of physical evidence
Theinvestigator should then be triggered by everything that seems to beobvious. For example, the investigator should determine if anyshooting occurred during a robbery (Penven, 2014).
Step5: Preparation of the narrative of the crime scene
Theinvestors should prepare notes that present the full story of thatwas observed and include any impression that the available evidencecould give (Penven, 2014).
Step6: Capturing photographs of the scene and sketching the crime scene
Investigatorsshould take both the medium and close-up shots of all potentialevidence. In addition, investigators should prepare a rough sketch ofthe crime scene and prepare finer sketch in the office (Penven,2014).
Step7: Conducting s detailed search
Adetailed search involves the collection of the small particles (suchas pieces of hair) that can be used as evidence.
Step8: Recording and collecting physical evidence
Allpieces of evidence identified at the scene of the crime should be puton record. For example, a mark can be placed on the sketch toillustrate where the evidence of located (Penven, 2014).
Step9: Conducting s final survey
Investigatorsshould then make a final walk through the scene ensure that allevidence was collected and documented.
Step10: Releasing the scene of the crime
Oncethe investors are satisfied that the evidence has been collected anddocumented, the scene can be released and allow the public to accessit at their pleasure.
Currently,many judicial systems allow the use of digital evidence during thecourt hearings. This means that investigators have the opportunity tomake the best use of technology in collecting quality evidence fromthe scene of the crime. This is achieved with the help of differentassistive technologies. The data acquitted through an interview withvictims of robbery can be collected using a digital camera, computer,pager, personal digital, or cell phone (Keisler, 2012). All theevidence and data collected with the help of digital devices can besafely stored in thumb drivers or memory cards and retrieved any timeafter the investigation has ended. Moreover, the evidence can beclassified and stored in the crime database for the purposes ofrecords or future referencing. Moreover, investigators can utilizethe widespread internet connectivity to show the crime scene to theexperts at the headquarters whenever there is a need for furtheradvice. This can be achieved through a video link.
Measuresfor analyzing the pattern of the robbery activity
Investigatorscan take four measures when analyzing the robbery crime patters.First, the type of items targeted or robbed in each should bedetermined and recorded (Monk, Heinonen & Eck, 2010). This isbecause a given group of robbers or an individual is more likely torob one type of item, such as cash. Secondly, the target victimshould be identified and recorded in each case of robbery. There is ahigh tendency of individual or groups of robbers targeting a givengroup of victims with whom they believe will help them achieverobbery objectives. Third, investigators should ensure that thelevels of planning applied in each case of robbery are similar forevery pattern of robbery committed in the city. For example, robberswith experience and sophisticated weapons are likely to take somemeasures to conceal the evidence (Monk, Heinonen & Eck, 2010).Fourth, the nature of the confrontation is also a significant measurethat investors can use in analyzing different patterns of robbery.Different robbers or groups of robbers use different types ofconfrontation (such as excessive force) when executing the robberymission, and this can be used to determine various patterns ofrobbery in the city.
Theinvestigation data can be synthesized using a 5-steps analyticprocess. First, the investigators should expand their critical thingwhen synthesizing the data in order to enhance their capacity todetermine what is unknown using the limited data that is available(Peterson, 2014). By doing this, investigators will know people whohad the motive and the opportunity to commit a crime. Secondly,investors should apply the problem-solving techniques in order toensure that the processes of data synthesis and analysis are directedtowards a viable conclusion and solutions. Third, investigatorsshould organize the case data in a thorough way, which will help themin acknowledging the evidence that might disprove any criminalintent. This is accomplished by reviewing the case material andinventorying it in the files, which are critical processes in formingviable conclusions about the acts of crime (Peterson, 2014). Fourth,investigators should use the most appropriate data analysistechniques with the objective of ensuring that the conclusion drawnfrom the data is well informed and leads to some solution. Lastly,investigators should establish the analytical package forprosecution. Any successful conclusion of a crime investigation actsas the beginning of the prosecution. Therefore, the process ofsynthesizing the data should help investigators in preparing a reportthat communicates the diligence of the investigation.
Typesof investigation units
Theprocess of the identification and arresting the perpetrators of therobbery is complex and will require the concerted efforts ofdifferent law enforcement and investigation units. First, policesaturation in the city will help the law enforcement agencies inresponding to robbery incidents quickly, and either arrests theperpetrators or secure the scene before the evidence is destroyed(Peterson, 2014). Therefore, the number of patrol officers who shouldplay the role of protecting the scenes of crime should be increased.Other units that are needed to facilitate the process ofinvestigation include the forensic team, the crime investigationunit, and regular beat police.
Suppliesand equipments needed
Thereis a need to purchase some computers and software to aid in theprocess of investigation as well as the investigators` analysis ofthe data collected from the investigation. Some of the software thatshould be purchased includes the GIS software to help in crimemapping and Microsoft Access for crime analysis. In addition, the lawenforcers and crime investigators should be supplied with more carsto help them arrive at the scenes of crime in time before the firstresponders destroy the evidence. Moreover, the crime investigatorsshould be trained on the use of the aforementioned software to ensurethat they make the best out of them.
Theacquisition of new supplies and equipments will require funds, whichshould be sourced from different security programs. For example,funds can be sourced from different programs under the CommunityPolicing Office, which include the Policing Development and thePolice Hiring programs. In addition, the National Institute ofJustice has grant and funding programs that will be important in suchan important issue of curtailing robbery in the city (CommunityOriented Policing Services, 2013). Moreover, the available programsfor the transfer of funds from the federal and state as well as fromthe local governments. However, the application of these funds shouldbe made through the local police department.
Crimeinvestigation should be done in a systematic way in order to ensurethat crimes are prevented effectively, and culprits identified. Theuse of the modern technology can enhance the effectiveness of theinvestigation process. An effective investigation should helpinvestigators in identifying the crime patterns. In addition, theprocess of synthesizing the crime data should result in conclusionsthat communicate the dignity of the investigation. However, asuccessful investigation should include the contribution of differentinvestigative units. Investigation is an expensive challenge thatwill require investigators to source funds from the available fundingprograms and purchase different equipments.
CommunityOriented Policing Services (2013).  Grants and Funding. COPS.Retrieved December 28, 2014, fromhttp://www.cops.usdoj.gov/default.asp?item=46
Keisler,D. (2012). Investigativeuses of technology: Devices, tools, and technology.Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.
Monk,K., Heinonen, A. & Eck, E. (2010). Street robbery: The problem ofstreet robbery. Centerfor Problem-Oriented Policing.Retrieved December 28, 2014 fromhttp://www.popcenter.org/problems/street_robbery/
Penven,D. (2014). Basic stages for a crime scene investigation: Possiblehomicide. CrimeScene Resource.Retrieved December 28, 2014, fromhttp://www.crime-scene-investigator.net/possiblehomicide.html
Peterson,B. (2014). Ananalytic approach to investigations.Alexandria, VA: International Association of Chiefs of police.