Unit

2

2.Who was your favorite person this semester? Why? What did he or shedo for American history? What is his or her story?

Americaowes a large part of her history to this great explorer, ChristopherColumbus. I find that alone very interesting to literally own thehistory of a country. Although there are some claims that he was notactually the first man from Europe and elsewhere to land in America,he is credited to have discovered the Americas.

Interestingly,I have always thought that He was an Englishman courtesy of his nameand not Spanish as I have come to learn in this course. My assumptionof him being an Englishman was solely based on his name Christopherwhich is English. In this course I learned that his name vary acrosslanguages. I learn that he was brought in Genoa Italy which wasunder the influence of Spanish authorities hence his Spanishidentity.

Columbus’work as a voyager and explorer point to a very intelligent man whowas ready to conquer all challenges on his way. It is through hisactions that we have a Hispanic America having introduced thelanguage together with other settlers in the Americas. Additionally,it is only logical to think that the first settlers in America wouldhave had the greatest influence in terms of culture and language. Iam very aware of the South American link of their Spanish language toSpain and colonization of the region. Therefore, learning thatColumbus was Spanish means today that America would be a Spanishspeaking country guided by Spanish culture same as many Latincountries.

Previousto this course I had also assumed that the Spanish influence inAmerica was largely caused by the Hispanic immigrants and not in partto the colonization of some states by Spain courtesy of the work ofColumbus who established permanent settlements in the new land.

3.How and why did the North win the Civil War? Give and explain TWOmajor reasons.

Between1861 and 1865, the modern day US was embroiled in a civil war pittingthe North against the South or the confederate comprising of 11states that had seceded. The Confederate supported slavery which wasone of the main issues that led to secession. The north won the warbased on several factors.

Onewas that the north had a larger population of 22 million compare tojust nine million in the south. With technology relatively primatethen, wars were largely determined by number of soldiers. The norththus had numerical advantage. To address her numerical disadvantage,the Confederate government resulted to recruiting slaves from variousplantations into the military. The slaves were ill trained and alsoill equipped. Many died in the war. Furthermore, when some of theseslaves were at war, they surrendered and defected to the North wherethey would gain automatic freedom given that the northern states didnot support slavery. The Confederates were also politically andeconomically weak compared to the north. Political leadership is akey component in war as political decision influence war strategy.For instance, in a bid to win the war, the Confederates printed hugesums of money leading to inflation in the south. Consequently, theinflation incapacitated the country’s competitiveness in trade andability to purchase weapons. Public support in the war amongsoutherners also declined as inflation hit the people hard. In deedfor some farmers who has been forced to give up their slaves to thewar at the cost of lost farm labor, expressed dissatisfaction withthe progress in the war openly. This weakened the leadership of thesouth and the war and ultimately led o defeat.

TheAmerican civil war has been a uniting factor in the US. Through thewar, the two factions learned the effects of in that there is noclear winner as all sides register losses in various forms.

Workscited

ChristopherColumbus. Florida Museum of Natural History. n.d. 6thNov 2014. Web.

http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/caribarch/columbus.htm

CivilWar. (n.d.). Ohio State University. n.d. 6thNov 2014. Web.

http://ehistory.osu.edu/topics/uscw