The Role of Anthropologists in the Third Reich

TheRole of Anthropologists in the Third Reich

TheThird Reich refers to the period when Germany was under the rule ofAdolf Hitler. During this period, Germans were denied their basiccivil rights. In the first months as a chancellor, Hitler suspendedthe constitutional rights and decreed to control education, law andthe economy of Germany. He also tried to control all the churches,but not all agreed to his goals.

Withinthe framework of his ideas and goals is the notion of racism. Hitleraimed at eliminating all the inferior races claiming that theydestroyed the beauty of his country. Following this ideology, theanthropologists were committed towards selecting and examining peoplewho were deemed unworthy because they did not have the blood of thesuperior race. They were also concerned in collecting informationabout the Jews, who were regarded as the subject materials. TheGerman anthropologists also discussed the results of biology and itsimpact in the environment. Therefore, anthropological studies helpedin providing crucial information on people and races.

Anthropologistshelped to make decisions on who were supposed to be eliminated andsaved. In this case, some of the Jews who had a mixed blood werespared depending on the views of the anthropologists. They claimedthat some of the races such as the Jews of mixed race had good traitsand were thus spared. On the other hand, anthropologists claimed thatsome of the races with mixed blood developed weaker traits thatneeded to be eliminated from human race. As such, the lives of someof the people from other races other than German relied heavily onanthropologists views. They had a crucial role in determining thefate of people living in Germany during this period of Third Reich.