THE PEDIATRIC NURSE PRACTITIONER 7
ThePediatric Nurse Practitioner
ThePediatric Nurse Practitioner
Thispaper primarily examines the role of pediatric nurse practitioner.This is a registered nurse whose role is to offer nursing care toinfants, adolescents and children. He or she is required to havecompleted a Master’s degree program in nursing, focusingspecifically in nurse practitioner in pediatrics.
A PNP must acquire an advanced degree in nursing. Prior to enrolmentin the master’s degree program, it is imperative that theindividual completes an undergraduate degree program. Some studentsundertake Bachelor of Science in Nursing, while others may do anAssociate Degree in Nursing (ADN) and follow it up with an AND-MSNbridge program (Ryan-Wengeret al, 2007).The clinical experience would place the student in a live healthcaresetting such as health clinic or hospital (Rudy, 2006). Some of thefundamental nursing classes may include topics such as nursingethics, complex health problems, anatomy and physiology, healthassessment and community nursing (Harris et al, 2006). AllProspective NPs have to pass the national Council LicensingExamination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) so as to be registerednurse. Nevertheless, further registration and licensing may berequired in some states (Miller,2013).
Toget into the Master’s degree program, it is imperative that theapplicant is a registered nurse and has experience in the same for atleast a year. This program may take two years if done on fulltime-basis. Some of the core nursing courses that a student has tocomplete before choosing a PNP focus include nursing theories,pharmacology and pathophysiology, advanced practice nursing, as wellas research methods in nursing (Milloniget al, 2004).PNPs would be certified by the American Nurses Credentialing Center,where they would get the PNP-BC credential.
Pediatricpractice is guided by a number of standards and rules. First, thepediatric nurse is required to collect and document informationpertaining to the child and family. In addition, he would utilize theassessment data from nursing, as well as other disciplines indetermining the diagnosis. Moreover, he would identify the likelyoutcomes specific to both the child and the family. Fourth, thepediatric nurse practitioner would come up with a personalized planthat outlines the interventions needed to achieve expected outcomes.Further, the nurse is required to implement the care plan so as toattain the outcomes for the family and child. In addition, the nursewould be expected to assess the progress of both the child and familyto the achievement of the expected outcomes (Geenen et al, 2003).Moreover, he is required to take part in activities that wouldenhance the quality, effectiveness and safety of nursing care inevery other care setting. Eighth, the PNP should exhibit competencyin the practice of the profession and maintain current knowledge thathas been gained from professional activities, publications andresearch findings. On the same note, he would evaluate his ownnursing practice with regard to the regulations, relevant statutesand professional practice standards. The tenth standard revolvesaround collegiality, where the PNP is required to interact with andmake a contribution to the colleagues and peers’ professionaldevelopment. In addition, he has to collaborate with themultidisciplinary team members, the children and families inprovision of care. The 12thstandard requires the PNP to respect the rights of the children andfamilies, as well as design interventions and make decisions that arein line with the ethical principles. Further, the nurse has to make acontribution to nursing via review, integration of research andparticipation (Geenen et al, 2003). Moreover, he has to manage thehealthcare environment effectively and take into considerationfactors pertaining to cots, safety and effectiveness in the planningand delivery of care. On the same note, the nurse would be requiredto provide leadership, mentorship and be a role model for thecolleagues’ and student’s professional development (Geenen et al,2003).
APNP works with healthcare professionals to provide care toindividuals below 18 years of age. They may be the main medicalcaregiver who undertakes the diagnosis and treats infections,illnesses, injuries and chronic ailments (Waldrop and Fergusson,2007). Further, they offer information pertaining to preventativecare and teach them how they should care for the child at home. Theywork in managed centers that offer patient-centered and holisticcare, and are committed to the promotion of health and prevention ofdiseases (Sligar et al, 2007).
Someof the helpful journals to individuals in this career include Journalof Pediatric Health care, Journal for Nurse Practitioners, Journal ofPediatric Nursing, Pediatrics, Pediatrics Nursing, and Journal ofAdolescent Health among others.
Somecrucial organizations include National Association of Pediatric NursePractitioner, American Association of Nurse Practitioners, NationalOrganization of Nurse Practitioner Faculties, and Uniformed NursePractitioner Association.
Inconclusion, Pediatric Nurse Practitioners (PNPs) primarily providemedical care to infants, children and adolescents, and assist theirparents to offer the necessary assistance to such children at home.This profession requires certification, as well as a master’sdegree in pediatric nursing, as well as some associate degree orbachelor’s (Silbert-Flagget al, 2011).Like other professionals, PNPs have to collaborate with otherhealthcare professionals, as well as keep themselves updated by beingin relevant organizations and reading profession-specific journalsand publications (Silbert-Flagg& Sloand,2011).
Geenen,S. J., Powers, L. E., & Sells, W. (2003). Understanding the roleof health care providers during the transition of adolescents withdisabilities and special health care needs. Journalof Adolescent Health,32, 225-233.
Harris,K. M., Gordon-Larsen, P., Chantala, K., & Udry, J. R. (2006).Longitudinal trends in race/ethnic disparities in leading healthindicators from adolescence to young adulthood. Archivesof Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine,160, 74-81.
Miller,S. K. (2013). Adultnurse practitioner certification review guide.Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Millonig,V. L., Baroni, M. A., & Bigler, B. (2004). Pediatricnurse practitioner certification review guide.Potomac, Md: Health Leadership Associates.
Ryan-Wenger,N. A., National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners., &Association of Faculties of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners.(2007). Corecurriculum for primary care pediatric nurse practitioners.St, Louis, Mo: Mosby Elsevier.
Rudy,C. (2006). When do pediatric patients graduate? Journalof Pediatric Health Care,20, 358-360.
Silbert-Flagg,J. A., & Sloand, E. (2011). Pediatricnurse practitioner certification study question book.Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Silbert-Flagg,J. A., Sloand, E., & Millonig, V. L. (2011). Pediatricnurse practitioner certification review guide: Primary care.Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Sligar,K. Savitz, M., Schapiro, N.A., Alkon, A., Martin, H. & Humphreys,J (2007). Development of the Child Health Indicator Assessment (CHIA)in a Community-based Nurse Managed center. PediatricNursingVol. 33/No. 2
Waldrop,J & Fergusson, L.A (2007). Pediatric Overweight and Obesity: Doesthe Label Really matter. Journal of the American Academy of NursePractitioners, 20. 251-258.