The Link between Obesity and Chronic Diseases

THE LINK BETWEEN OBESITY AND CHRONIC DISEASES 3

TheLink between Obesity and Chronic Diseases

TheLink between Obesity and Chronic Diseases

Inthe United States, chronic diseases are the leading causes of death.A greater percentage of the American population is obese according tostatistics. The worrying fact is that obesity is a major contributorin the causation of these chronic diseases. About 3.4 million deathsin the world are due to chronic diseases caused by obesity. Thefigures however do not seem to go down and there are predictions thatby the year 2025, more that 80% of the population will have had anexperience with obesity in their lifetime (Samsung 2014). If peopleagreed to change their lifestyle behavior by checking on theirnutrition and exercising regularly, there will be no cases of obesityand consequently, we shall be able to prevent deaths caused bychronic diseases.

Forthose adults with a body mass index of 30 or more, there is a risk ofcontracting chronic diseases due to obesity. The figures used forchildren and teenagers are different. Diseases caused by obesityinclude diabetes, cardiovascular disease, sleep apnoea, some types ofcancer, stroke, and high blood pressure. These diseases are the majorcauses of deaths in America, and it all boils down to obesity.

Fortype 2 diabetes, 30% of the cases can be attributed to weight gain.For obese people, the high levels of cholesterol in their bodiesraise the level blood pressure. This condition could even lead toheart attacks. There is a link between some types of cancer such asbreast, colon, pancreas, ovaries and kidney cancer and obesity. If weagree to fight obesity, the battle against most chronic diseases willbe won at least halfway. Making lifestyle changes that lead tolowering the level of cholesterol in the body is the way to go.

References

Aballay,L. R., Eynard, A. R., Díaz, M. P., Navarro, A., &amp Muñoz, S. E.(2013). Overweight and obesity: a review of their relationship tometabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and cancer in SouthAmerica. NutritionReviews, 71(3),168-179. doi:10.1111/j.1753- 4887.2012.00533.x

Couser,W. G., Remuzzi, G., Mendis, S., &amp Tonelli, M. (2011). Thecontribution of chronic kidney disease to the global burden of majornoncommunicable diseases. Kidney International,80(12),1258-1270. doi:10.1038/ki.2011.368

Danaei,G., Ding, E. L., Mozaffarian, D., Taylor, B., Rehm, J., Murray, C.L., &amp Ezzati, M. (2009). The Preventable Causes of Death in theUnited States: Comparative Risk Assessment of Dietary, Lifestyle,and Metabolic Risk Factors. PlosMedicine, 6(4),1-23. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000058

Samsung(2014). AStrategic Path to Advancing Human Health December 8th, 2014. Goizueta Business School.

SingletonW., G. (2010). ThePurple Seal: Breaking The Plague of Chronic Diseases and Syndromes.BRCA Incorporated.