SPECIAL EDUCATION ACRONYM GLOSSARY 6
SpecialEducation Acronym Glossary
Aglossary refers to reference work of a particular domain ofknowledge. It is arranged alphabetically and provides a briefdefinition of words related to the subject. The dictionary plays asignificant role in helping the guardians who may be unfamiliar withterminologies and acronyms related to special education (Hammeken,2009). It is almost similar to a dictionary only that it containswords related to the topic. It helps the guardians to comprehend themeaning of certain words.
Accommodationsrefer to tools and procedures used to enable a person with adisability participate fully in an activity (O`Brien & Buttlar2010). They include alterations to classroom, extended time andpresentations among others.
AdaptedPhysical Education (APE)
APErefers to special physical education programs for the disabledchildren who are not able to participate in standard programs(Hammeken, 2009). Diversified programs of development activities areoffered to the student who does not engage in regular educationprograms.
Adoptiveparents are people who have been given the responsibility for a childthrough legal means (Wilmshurst & Brue 2011). The rights of thebiological parents are relinquished.
Itrefers to temporary placement for bilingual class students althoughthe bilingual teacher is not present.
Itis a brain disorder that comprise of incapacitated communication andsocial interaction (Farrell et al., 2014). This condition mainlyaffects children below the age of 3 years.
BehaviorIntervention Plan (BIP)
BIPis a written plan that helps solve behavior related issues. Itincludes strategies and program modifications that promote positivebehavior intervention among the disabled (Hammeken, 2009).
Blindnessis a condition characterized by lack of visual consciousness. It isdue to neurological factors.
Itrefers to a disease related to brain injury. The disorder leads tovision and hearing problems as well as mental retardation.
Itis a mental or physical incapability that hinders ones from doing themajor life activities (Hammeken, 2009).
Dueprocess occurs when parents disagree with the education programsrecommended by the school for children with special needs (Farrell etal., 2014). The disagreements are resolved through mediation.
Theyare programs developed to help infants from the age of 3 years. Theprimary objective is to prevent the child from any problem as hematures.
SEDrefers to a disorder that last for a prolonged period (Farrell etal., 2014). It is a diagnosable mental disease thus falls under thecategory of mental disorder.
HearingImpairment Itrefers to a condition whether permanent or fluctuating that affectsthe child`s ability to hearing.
OrthopedicImpairment Itis a disease that occurs due to development of other conditions likebone tuberculosis and cerebral palsy (Hammeken, 2009).
ResourceSpecialist Program (RSP)
Theseare programs designed to provide materials and instruction todisabled students (Hammeken, 2009).
SocialSecurity Disability Insurance
Theseare benefits given to qualified disabled people who cannot getbetter-paying jobs, but has a guardian who has contributed to thesocial system (O`Brien & Buttlar 2010).
SpecialDay Class (SDC)
Itrefers to a particular educational class that helps the disabledchildren meet their needs that cannot be achieved by the regulareducational programs (Wilmshurst & Brue 2011). They occupy morethan half of the student`s day.
Itrefers to special design programs that are offered free of charge toguardians so that they can help disabled children meet theirindividual demands (Wilmshurst & Brue 2011). The programs areconducted at home, hospitals and schools among others.
Itis a disorder that involves one or more of the psychological tasksinvolved in using language to speak, write or read (Wilmshurst& Brue 2011).The disability includes diseases such as brain injury, dyslexia, andperpetual disability.
Speechor Language Impairment
Itrefers to a communication disable such as language and voiceimpairment that hinders the child`s education performance.
SupplementalSecurity Income (SSI)
Theseare benefits given to disabled people who are qualified, but cannotget jobs that sustain them entirely (O`Brien & Buttlar 2010).
TraumaticBrain Injury Itrefers to brain injury that is due to an outward force leading tototal or partial psychosocial incapability or both (Wilmshurst &Brue 2011). It affects the child`s education performance.
Itis a genetic disease that affects females due to the absence of Xchromosomes (Farrell et al., 2014). It is characterized by abnormaleye and under-development of sexual features among others.
Theseare professionals who provide support to the members of staff andoffers instructional assistance to the visually disabled students(O`Brien & Buttlar 2010).
Theyare programs designed to introduce students with a disability in theworking environment (Farrell et al., 2014).
Farrell,M., & Palgrave Connect (Online service). (2014). Investigatingthe language of special education: Listening to many voices.
Hammeken,P. A., & Hammeken, P. A. (2009). Theparaprofessional`s essential guide to inclusive education.Thousand Oaks, Calif: Corwin Press.
O`Brien,N. P., & Buttlar, L. (2010). Education:A guide to reference and information sources. Englewood, Colo: Libraries Unlimited. Topof Form
Wilmshurst,L., & Brue, A. W. (2011). Aparent`s guide to special education: Insider advice on how tonavigate the system and help your child succeed.New York: AMACOM.