Roleof Men in Gender Equality
ThesisStatement:Both men and women should play a role in addressing gender equalityissues.
Scholarsargue that gender equality is not only a “women’s concern” butalso the responsibility of the whole society including allindividuals. It requires active input and contribution from both menand women. Traditionally, gender equality policies werecontextualized specifically as a women’s issue gender equalitybattle has been fought by only women and for women (Eastin& Prakash, 2013).However, in the last few last decades there has been an increasingacknowledgment of a substantial role of men in the building andcampaigning for gender equality.
Masculinitiesand men have increasingly become a subject of studies and an entirepart of gender equality rules and policies in the EU. The Council ofthe European Union, in 2006 adopted the conclusions of ‘Men and thegender equality` they did it in order to improve the status of allwomen and further promote gender equality (Farré,2012).The council requires society to pay more attention for theachievement of sex equality inclusive of all the positive impacts ofgender equality for all men and the well-being of the society as awhole.
In2004, the United Nations on Status of Women came to conclusions on‘the role of boys and men on gender equality (Farré,2012).The Commission emphasized that men should take joint responsibilityfor the promotion of the gender equality. It also recognized thatboys and men can contribute to gender equality in many capacities, inall corners of the society. The topic gender equality plays a vitalrole in society as it aims at breaking the perspective that onlywomen should fight for gender equality problems. The topic coverswhat many societies in the current world face in terms of gender. Theissue will be addressed in various sub-topics to bring the pointhome. Therefore, the paper will incorporate an appropriate outline ofwhat it really expects to cover.
Topic:Roleof Men in Gender Equality
Definition of gender and gender equality
Significance of the study
Objectives of the study
Dominant models of masculinities
Balanced approach towards men and gender equality
Gender Equalities require addressing both genders for sustainable change in predominant imbalances.
Hegemonic masculinity – a cultural norm that tends to connect men to economic and poor achievements, which seem adverse to the equality and inclusions
The role of men should be changing and further ‘caring masculinity`: a care giving practice instead of breadwinners.
Men should not be addressed as homogenous groups, but they should be diverse through the mental and physical abilities.
Male discrimination perspective should be rejected while the study links progressive, pro-feminist, and critical men policies, and examine gender equality policies.
Men’s rights approaches tend to underline only costs of masculinity and tends to describe them as a social group that is discriminated because of feminist progress.
The pro-feminist men`s policies and initiatives emphasize facts that gender hierarchies may be harmful for both women and men although women as whole are the most oppressed while men drift between cost and privileges of being representative of many dominant groups.
Men, education, and gender equality
The study seeks to note the convergence of the basic labor market features between women and men.
Convergence is evident due to the employment rate, whereby there is the decrease in men`s employment rate as compared to women, which is due to increase in the employment rate of women.
Economic crisis has a great impact towards men and their employment, but a higher impact on women because of cutbacks in many state services.
Men with young children tend to have higher employment rates in comparison to those without while in women it holds the opposite.
The men’s attitude tends to shift from provider roles to care-integrating models, but many companies remain rigid to change the views on men.
Men, care and gender equality
Recent studies show a complementary change in men`s role in the care in many parts of Europe
Men’s share of housework and care varies negatively with income but positively with education.
Men with gender equality beliefs and norms predominantly participate in the caring for children and housework, whilst men with traditional expectations of divisions of unpaid and paid work between women and men tend to show low participation rates.
Young men are likely to share gender-equality expectations and norms, which always lead to higher participation in caring for children and housework.
Balanced resource distribution and equal decision-making positively influence the men`s share of caring and housework.
Men, violence and gender equality
Men commit majority of violence (psychological, sexual, and physical) acts.
Violence falls under gender behavior that addresses the gender-based violence that causes structural inequality and the Imbalance of power between men and women in the society.
Men, health and gender equality
The life expectancy of women tends to be higher than that of men, with 77.6 years for men and 82.5 years for females.
Men’s health problems and cases of premature mortality rates can in large be part of social inequality.
Conclusion: restatement of topic and summary of subtopics discussed.
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Farré,L. (2012). The Role Of Men for Gender Equality. New York: BaronsPress.
Neyer,G., Lappegård, T., & Vignoli, D. (2013). Gender Equality andFertility: Which equality matters? EuropeanJournal of Population,29(3),245-272. Springer.
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