Inthe past one decade, ISIS has become one of the most notoriousterrorist groups. The organization, which operates in Iraq and Syria,has been involved in numerous deaths of innocent civilians. Theemergence of the organization can be attributed to the insurgencythat took place in Iraq starting from 2003. With the entry ofAmerican soldiers in Iraq, jihadists sought to revenge and this ledto the formation of ISIS in later years. Although the movementstarted in Iraq, it has gained roots in Syria where it is becomingstronger by the day. The organization is responsible for atrocitiessuch as kidnapping of journals, as well as suicide bombing. Since theorganization is spreading at a high rate, it can be termed as athreat to the stability of the world. This paper will focus onfactors that contributed to the formation of this group. In addition,the paper will highlight why ISIS is a threat that warrants theinvolvement of the United States.
Commonlyregarded as ISIS, the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, can trace itsorigin to the attack launched against Iraq by the United States army.The organization was established on 15thOctober 2006, in Iraq. During this time, the organization was onlyreferred as ISI (Islamic State of Iraq). The formation of themovement comprised of the unification of several terrorist groupssuch as al-Qaeda members from Mesopotamia and Jund (which wasregarded as Soldiers of the Prophet’s Companions). In addition, themovement was formed from the merging of other organizations such asMujahedeen Shura Council, which was based in Iraq. The spread of theorganization in Syria came in later years and it was precipitated bythe defection of Jabhat al-Nusra fighters who swore their allegianceto ISIS. The defections allowed ISIS to gain control over severalterritories in Syria and this contributed to the prominence of theorganization (AlMonitor par. 5).
Sinceits formation, ISIS has mainly been under the control of al-Qaeda,whose leader was Osama Bin Laden. Zarqawi, the leader of ISIS, hasencouraged the organization to express loyalty to al-Qaeda. Thisimplies that ISIS regarded itself as a branch of al-Qaeda, and assuch, they have to be loyal and obey the doctrines of the mainorganization. However, there has been differences in beliefs betweenISIS and al-Qaeda, as a result of which the allegiance of ISIS toal-Qaeda has been changed significantly. The jihadists who fight forISIS in both Iraq and Syria are always against other religions suchas Christianity, which they relate to the ideologies of the west.This is why thousands of Christians are killed in terrorist attacksmasterminded by ISIS (Abdul-Hussain and Smith par. 2).
Howthe organization has gained control and why the United States shouldbe involved
Inthe recent past, ISIS has gained control of several territories, bothin Iraq and Syria. This has served to strengthen the organization andhas enabled it to spread its doctrines and jihadists beliefs andvalues. There are several factors that have enabled the organizationto gain control and at the same time spread rapidly. One of factorsthat has contributed to the spread of ISIS is the use ofindoctrination, as well as brutality. Brutality and indoctrinationhas ensured that the communities being controlled by ISIS submit tothe doctrines and values of the movement. The organization engages ina lot of violence, with the main targets being fighters capturedduring war, as well as civilians who are unarmed. Since such victimscannot protect themselves against the brutality of the movement, theyare forced to submit to the demands of the group (Reynolds par. 3).
Theother factor that has significantly contributed to the organization’scontrol is the publicizing of its brutality. Through social medialike twitter, the organizations makes it known to the public theatrocities meted upon their victims. This has enabled theorganization to attract recruits from various parts of the world.Individuals who threaten the ideological beliefs and practices of theorganization are threatened with murder. For example, theorganization has widely been involved in attacks that have killedjournalists and civil rights activists who are seen to oppose theactivities of ISIS. When journalists communicate to the public aboutthe suffering undergone by people being controlled by ISIS, they areabducted and tortured after which they are killed. People who live inareas that the organization controls rarely talk of their dailyexperiences since they fear that there will be retribution from themembers of the movement.
ISIS’scontrol of Syria has been largely enhanced by the fact that theorganization commands a huge following of highly trained fighters.The number of soldiers fighting for ISIS is estimated to be about15,000 or even more. In addition, there is a high number of fighterswho have not yet joined the organization, but are willing to fight ifcalled to do so on behalf of ISIS. With a huge following ofJihadists, the organization has managed to stage fights in variousterritories, in both Syria and Iraq. Moreover, this has given theorganization the capacity to spread its doctrines rapidly and alsocapture the areas that it targets to attack. As a result, it becomeschallenging for soldiers to fight and defeat ISIS (Ward par. 3).
Theability of ISIS to gain control in Syria and Iraq can also beattributed to the financial strength of the organization. Theorganization receives funding from wealthy oil businesspersons fromthe Gulf. The biggest funders of the organization include Qataris whosupport the Jihadists in order to fulfil their business interests.The organization also gets its finances from Iraq’s oil blackmarket where a lot of oil is smuggled, with the returns from the saleof such oil being remitted to group. ISIS has also establishedcontrol over the vast oil territories in Syria the movement controlhuge oil reserves to the extent that it sells some oil to the Syriangovernment while the rest is exported. The organization also captureswomen and young girls who are sold as slaves, giving the organizationmoney (Windrem par. 1).
Inthe past two years, ISIS has become a force to reckon with in Syria.Many civilians have been killed by suicide bombers who belong to themovement. Since the terrorist attacks of the organization arebecoming widespread day after day, the United States should eliminatethe problem of ISIS. United States should stop the atrocitiessubjected against peaceful Christians by ISIS. For many years,Christians in Middle East have co-existed peacefully with theMuslims. However, with the spread of ISIS, their presence has beenthreatened adversely, with the jihadists threatening to drive themout of the region. The United States should stop this onslaught toensure that harmony is restored in Middle East (Reynolds par. 4).
TheUnited States should stop the genocide masterminded by ISIS in Syriaand Iraq. On humanitarian grounds, the United States should deployits army in the areas where ISIS has gained control. If ISIS is notstopped, it will become a global threat and will threaten the peaceand stability of the entire world. This is likely to affect theUnited States as well since the ISIS fighters might attack America inthe future. To avert such an attack, America should destroy theterrorist camps that ISIS has already established. The United Statesshould also put restrictions on the sympathizers of ISIS, who keep onfunding the activities of the movement (Ward par. 5).
Inconclusion, it is worth noting that ISIS has become one of thestrongest terrorist organization, with a strong network of militantswho have been carrying out violent attacks in Syria and Iraq. Theterrorist group is responsible for attacks on journalists, civilrights activists, as well as lawyers. For the last ten years, theorganization has caused havoc in Iraq. The involvement of themovement in Syria in the recent years. The organization control vastterritories and has access to numerous sources of funds. Withnumerous attacks in Syria, it calls for the involvement of the UnitedStates. America needs to stop the genocide being witnessed in Syriasince it violates fundamental human rights to kill innocentcivilians.
Abdul-Hussain,Hussain and Smith, Lee. Onthe Origin of ISIS,2014. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.http://www.weeklystandard.com/articles/origin-isis_804002.html
Almonitor.TheEvolution of ISIS, 2013.Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
Reynolds,Matt. WhyISIS Must Be Stopped,2014. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/october/why-isis-must-be-stopped.htmlWard,Clarissa. Theorigins of ISIS: Finding the birthplace of jihad, 2014.Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
Windrem,Robert. Who`s Funding ISIS? Wealthy Gulf `Angel Investors,` OfficialsSay. CBSNews, 2014.Web. 7 Dec. 2014.http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/isis-terror/whos-funding-isis-wealthy-gulf-angel-investors-officials-say-n208006