Racism and Discrimination in American Society


Racismand Discrimination in American Society

Racismand Discrimination in American Society

Introductionand the Thesis Statement

Historycan bear witness of the many gains that America has made in racialrelations since the end of the civil rights era. Before and duringthis period it was lawful to directly act prejudicially against amember of a minority group such as African-Americans orAsian-Americans. African-Americans suffered the greatest atrocitiesduring the dark period. Laws that legalized such prejudices existedand barked by the state. The sacrifices of civil rights activitiesemanated into comprehensive overhaul of laws on racial relations thatushered in a new era of equality that sought to truly embraceAmerican constitutionalism. A majority of Americans has rejected theideology that African-Americans had innate inferiority (Carnoy &ampCarnoy, 2010). Thus, the change of attitude pulled down legitimizedsystems racism and discrimination and replaced them with covert andindirect forms that are less amenable to alleviation.


Priorand during the civil rights movement, racism and discrimination wasde jure that is legitimized and enforced by local, state, and evenfederal government. Today, however, prescribed discrimination hasgiven way to de facto forms, which are the result not directanti-minority aspects but institutional arrangements, demographictrends, and housing patterns.

ThePurpose of the Paper

Thispaper seeks to express the personal views of a concerned citizen whohas been working closely with many corporate entities as an attorney.All of these organizations both at federal and state level have astriking aspect that is quite thought-provoking. There is a coherentpattern in the way racial groups are represented in the leadershipand control of fundamental affairs at the helm of the everyorganizations management. The only observed exceptions are in caseswhere the institution or organization was founded or co-founded by awhite and a minority. This pattern also evoked the intuition toinvestigate other aspect in the American society that point out tothe metamorphosis that racism and discrimination has undergone toother de facto ways of that minority groups continue almost subtlyreplaced the de jure discriminatory laws that existed before andduring the civil rights era. This paper will, therefore, focus onother aspects that clearly prove that other covert and indirect formsof racism and discrimination are present in the American society.

Throughthe revelation of that would emerge from extensive research, thepaper targets the general public and other concerned citizens who could have observed the same trend but are silent on it or have nolegitimate avenue to express themselves. In expressing these concernsthe details are a manifestation of modern advocacy that attempts tosafeguard the gains made throughout the history of American racialrelations. As an advocate of those few, the researcher also serves asthe investigator whose findings will be the basis of meaningful ofadvocacy against modern-day racism and discrimination in the Americansociety. The researcher expects reactions from professionals to beable to ascertain the extent to which other members of the academiashare the same insights about the subject. Reactions will pave theway for further engagements including presenting the findings tostate and non-state avenues as a way of seeking a platform tocontribute to a legal framework that truly reflects the aspirationsof American reform on racial reforms. Otherwise, it will be difficultto convince the researcher and other American citizens who have thesame observations that America won the war on racism anddiscrimination.

Statementof Qualification

Theresearcher is a district attorney who has worked with differentorganizations in different sectors especially those that have hadcommercial litigation for two decades. In doing so, there is muchexperience, both professional and logistical, that facilitated theobservations that form the basis the research thesis. The contentsand assertions are majorly a product of first hand observations thatintend to provoke further research into the modern-day racism anddiscrimination. Frequent interactions with corporate executives indifferent sectors of the economy are a special quality because itexposed the researcher to some of the top-notch decisions thatorganizations make. Some of these decisions are not public knowledge,making it quite impossible for common citizens to ascertain theactual intent of executives who make decisions that subtlydiscriminate minority members of the society. The greatestinvestment the researcher considers critical to this research is thelong time of observing gradual changes in the way communitiesinteract in the corporate and business world. It has taken overtwenty years of keen observation and about five years of utmostcontemplation to compile the details that entail the thesis and itssubsequent defense.

Corporate management is an area that attracts invaluable prestige inthe American society (Greenhaus, Parasuraman, &amp Wormley, 2011).It is not amenable to change through the electoral process.Minorities such as African-Americans, therefore, depend on theinclinations of the corporate elite to grant them the share ofinfluence. In areas where minorities have considerablerepresentation, there is an identical pattern of commensurateacademic qualifications that are lower than the majority groups.


Carnoy,M., &amp Carnoy, M. (Eds.). (2010). Schoolingin a corporate society: The political economy of education inAmerica.McKay.

Greenhaus,J. H., Parasuraman, S., &amp Wormley, W. M. (2011). Effects of raceon organizational experiences, job performance evaluations, andcareer outcomes. Academyof management Journal,33(1),64-86.