QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 6
Contemporarily,stereotypes are often seen as a social phenomenon based on thebeliefs of people. Stereotype is a general knowledge about a group ofpersons or class of persons and in most cases it is often fixed.Stereotypes also refers to the action of assigning attributes anindividual or a people on the basis of social class, wealth, andothers. Stereotypes are often a typical day scenario because most ofthe societies are heterogeneous and composes people from differentbackgrounds, cultures, race, ethnicity and religion, all theheterogeneity cause stereotypes among people(University, 2003, p. 36).
Stereotype are characterized by categorization of individuals,consensus on attributed trait, discrepancy between associated traitand actual trait, membership a category and use of generalization inperceiving people. Stereotype forms from past or historical events,political perspective, and socio-cultural aspects. Functions ofstereotypes include: helps an individual preserve their culture,play a role in contributing to the creation and maintenance of groupideologies and judging some social actions. They also help make aprediction of one’s behavior and without this generalizations lifewould be difficult. Stereotypes can survive because of correlations,attribution, subtyping, confirmation biases and self-fulfillingprophesies. Stereotyping is inevitable because it is innate andpeople have a tendency to categorize they activate without ourawareness and because of recognition from socialization and media.Stereotype activation comes from motivation, perceiver’s cognitiveability to focus and amount personal information of one.
Prejudicerefers to the negative feelings towards persons based on theirmembership in a group. It is an assumption made by someone beforehaving adequate knowledge it’s often a prejudgment based on color,race, social class, gender, ethnicity, age and disability. Prejudiceis the application of social stereotypes. A non-athlete see view allathletes as stupid this could be as a result of socialization that isresponsible for creation and reinforcement of prejudices. Thenon-athlete is socializes with friends, families, community, and massmedia all this affects his/her perception that all athletes arestupid, as supported by the normative theory of prejudice. Thenon-athlete’s perception was as a result of personality created byharsh and punitive childhood upbringing. The athlete also felt theneed of balancing academics and the sport as a result of nature itis supported by the authoritarian personality theory. Competitioncould also be the cause of prejudice in this case as suggested by therealistic conflict theory. Here the attitude of the mind is notengaged in real competition, and they believe that they are poorlycompared to others that often lead to egoistic deprivation. It couldalso be the result of one’s frustration as suggested by thescapegoat theory. Conflicting economic interests can be a source ofprejudice, it happens when people compete. Lastly, social identitycan lead one to in our connections with others even if we don’treceive any benefits as suggested by the social identity theory.
Question3 Workplace diversity and change in the twenty-first century
Withthe growing population and the level of dynamism of societiesincreasing in the United States, workplace differences have beeninfluenced by the growing organizations, companies among otherthings. Workplace diversity is the similarities and differences amongemployees on the basis of race, backgrounds, religion, sexualorientation, gender education, socioeconomic levels and ethnicidentity. The amount of workforce diversity is increasing in everycountry especially in the US, more women are entering traditionallymale jobs and the African-Americans have also been empowered andtreated equally as opposed to the earlier times(University, 2003, p. 33).There has been an increase in the workforce becoming increasinglyolder, nonwhite, non-Christian and female. The increase in theworkforce has fueled the growing number of immigrants the populationconsists of people from different background, ethnic identities andnationalities. As a result of enormous diversity in the workforce,thus there is a need for managing this diversity. Workforce diversityhas proved to be of great benefit to organizations if maintained asit enhances tremendous growth of organizations.
Question4 the diversity value chain
Inthe diversity chain value, we have to acknowledge that workforcediversity takes many forms including differences in race, ethnicidentity, gender education and sexual orientation. There has been anincreasing number of joint ventures, mergers and strategic alliancesbringing together people from different types of organizations andnational cultures. Hence need to manage this diversity and channel ittowards benefiting the organizations. Managing workforce differencehas its importance and ultimately contributes to moving anorganization into third and fourth stages of the value chain.Managing it can help increase productivity as the workers respecteach other and reduce lawsuits. It increases market opportunities,creativity and the image of the organization(University, 2003, p. 35).It is also critical to competitiveness between organizations. As muchmanaging diversity has its benefits it also has its problems, it canlead to lawsuits if it is no considered, and it can also lead toxenophobia and hiring of incompetent people.
Question5 Terrin Industries
Itis essential to manage diversity as it has several advantages, formanaging diversity many of the employees felt better and valued. Inthe case of Sage at Terrin industries, the management failed to getto know and assess her situation as a mother and her background.After she left it encouraged negative stereotypes about high profilewomen, because generalization and a maintenance to this belief ofwomen being incompetent. Understanding different cultural differencesof employees in an organization is critical. This promotes mutualrespect among the workers it ensures cooperation and properintegration of workers. There is also increase in exposure as theemployees and the employer get to learn new cultures from each other.By having this understanding about different cultural diversitiesnegative stereotypes are prevented.
Conclusively,having knowledge of stereotypes, prejudices and managing diversity inworkplaces is imperative as it is contemporary. Modern organizationsrequire acquisition of the skills as depicted in terrin industries.
University,C. (2003). Strategy& Business.New York: Booz, Allen and Hamilton.