NiguelWarburton is a philosopher and an author of many philosophy books.Warburton graduated from the Open University and went on to teach ina couple of Universities before authoring his books[ CITATION Gar13 l 1033 ].In one of his most recent books, Warburton helps his audience inknowing when and how to answer questions when presented to them. Inother words, the author gives his audience the necessary tools tosolve problems in his book “Thinkingfrom A to Z”. In the book, Warburton brings up several fallaciesand flaws that are used in reasoning. In alphabetical order theauthor names the fallacies one by one with clear referenced as to howeach one of them is used in our day to day lives. Niguel Warburtonclaims that his book will help improve someone’s ability to thinkcritically and be reasonably skeptical. However, sometimes peopleneed to use their common sense and while common sense are not commonto everyone, therefore people need to trust their own judgment basedon their experiences and not what they are usually told. In thisessay, the author will delve on the issue of whether one really needsthe tools to ascertain some beliefs in real life. In this case, theauthor will focus on the question of whether God exists.
NiguelWarburton is a brilliant author and scholar who bring out thedifferent ways people think and reason and the various mistakespeople make when making their judgment. However, some judgments anddecisions made by individuals go beyond what Warburton calls thetools necessary to help make arguments. When it comes to theexistence of God, Niguel’s teachings and tools are irrelevant. Infact, in my opinion, such a topic is well beyond Warburton’s scopein philosophy. In other words, one cannot put God in a box. Accordingto Warburton, everything and every argument should have a pattern ofthinking or a specific way of reasoning in order to arrive at theanswer by there are some exceptions to such reasoning. For example,one might ask Warburton, what happens to people when they die? I ampretty sure Warburton may have a way to reason that will eventuallymake him arrive at an answer. However, the question should be howcome whatever answer, he arrives at should be correct. Better yet,what reason or what guarantee does he have to give him the confidencethat his answers are correct. Like I cited earlier, some issues arebeyond Warburon’s control and scope. As the saying goes, Ignoranceis bliss, it does not mean just because you don not know anything itwould not hurt you. If you do not believe in something it does notmean that it does not exist, rather it simply means that you chooseto ignore the truth. The question about whether there is a God is notso much of someone’s argument or a proper grasp on how to utilizethe tools rather it is a choice. It all comes down to an individual’schoice. This is where past experiences come in handy. This is becausesometimes people believe what they are told or what the media saysinstead of listening to their own conscience. One of the worstmistakes any human being can do is to follow what other people aredoing and forget about themselves.
However,by using Warburton’s tools, one can for instance be able to makesome conclusions on whether God really exists or not. For example,one the tools that Warburton talks about his book that of TheGambler’s Fallacy. The gambler’s fallacy as the word suggests,originated from people who placed their bets in the casino. Peoplewho are addicted to gambling, for example, always try to convincethemselves that they will win the next time. The gambler’s fallacyexplains the gambler’s psyche and the reason as to why they neverstop gambling. Gamblers always believe that the more they win, thebetter their chances of winning the next time[ CITATION XuJ14 l 1033 ].The Gambler’s fallacy can perhaps be used to explain if there is aGod through using a series of probabilities. For instance, may have aseries of questions on a piece of paper and as the day goesby he could be checking them in order to arrive to his answer. Anindividual can have three questions such as why is the sky blue, domiracles truly happen and what is my purpose on earth. The individualcan then do his research properly through the use of books, the mediaas well as asking people questions through surveys. Every time he isconvinced he has an answer, he should check one of the questions outand move over to the next question until all the questions areanswered. After all the questions have been answered the individualshould be able to arrive at a conclusion on whether there is a God ornot. Alternatively, the individual may make a conclusion based on theoutcome of the previous results. If the answers to the question areaffirmative, then he can conclude there is a God.
Anindividual can also use the fallacy of ad hominem in answering aquestion of whether there is a God or not. According to Warburton’sthe ad hominem fallacy seeks to attack a person instead of anargument. In other words, people reject a claim or an argument basedon the perceptions somebody has on an individual. Most of the time,the basis for rejecting the claim or the argument are made onirrelevant things such as a past quarrel and so on. The attack madeby an individual is focused on the character of the individual andusually has nothing to do with the claim or the argument itself. Inaddition, the attack is also used as evidence against the person whois making the claim or presenting the facts because the attacker hasalready developed an attitude against the messenger[ CITATION AdH12 l 1033 ].The ad hominem fallacy is perhaps the worst fallacy an individual canever develop. This is because it makes one have a closed mind and hecould hinder most people thinking. In answering the question on thebelieve of whether there is a God, individuals, should seek answerson whether they have developed any attitude to the people theyinteract with. For example, in order to believe there is no God onemust have interacted with either an atheist or a priest. Chances arethe attitude developed whether good or bad might have influenced histhinking.
Inanswering the question on whether God exists, one has to use seekknowledge in the right place. In my opinion, the tools used byWarburton do not have answers to all the solutions. Therefore, it iscrucial that people trust their own feeling, experiences andconscience when answering such questions.
Ad Hominem. (2012). Retrieved December 5, 2014, from The Nizkor Project: http://www.nizkor.org/features/fallacies/ad-hominem.html
Garvey, J. (2013, June 13). An Interview with Niguel Warburton. (N. Warburton, Interviewer)
Xu, J., & Nigel, H. (2014). Carry on winning: The gamblers’ fallacy creates hot hand effects. Journal of Quatitative Analysis, 173-180.