Part 1


Completelyinterpret the results from the odds ratio table below for those withhigh diastolic blood pressure (BP) and those with a history ofchronic kidney disease (CKD).

Thetable was taken from Liu, Q., Li, Z., Wang, H., Chen, X., Dong, X.,Mao, H.,…Chen, W. (2012). High prevalence and associated riskfactors for impaired renal function and urinary abnormalities in arural adult population from southern china.PLoSOne.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047100.

Provideyour interpretation here:

Impairedrenal functions and/ or urinary abnormalities

Thep –values for the renal functions are all less than 0.05. Thisshows that the values are significant at 95% confidence level. Therefore, all the functions indicated will significantly affectrenal and urinary abnormalities in patients. The top three are ahistory of chronic kidney disease, coronary heart disease andhyperlipidemia respectively. Age has the lowest odds ratio hence theleast in its effects as compared to the others on the list.

Goingby the descending order in terms of the Odds Ratio, the functionswill be merited as follows:

  1. history of CKD

  2. coronary heart disease

  3. hyperlipidemia

  4. hyperuricemia

  5. high systolic BP

  6. diabetes

  7. hypertension

  8. hyperuricemia

  9. high diastolic BP

  10. Age&gt10

[ CITATION Szu10 l 1033 ]

At95% confidence limits the lowest value and the highest value that canbe obtained for each function is given in the brackets. For example,the highest OR value for history of CKD is 5.49 and the lowest is1.39 testing the values at 95% confidence limits.


Szumilas, M. (2010). Explaining Odds Ratio. J Can Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry Vol. 19(3) , 227-229.