NHS Newham

NHS Newham12

NHSNewham

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TheNational Health Services (NHS) is a publiclyfinancedhealthcare systemin England providinghealth care services among the residents. Among the services offeredby NHS include primarycare,Ophthalmology, Dentistry, long-term healthcare,in-patient healthcareamong otherhealthservices(DoH 2013).TheNHS systemhas beenunder continuouschangesanddevelopmentsto ensureefficientandwidespreadhealthcare servicesto allresidentsto promotehealthandwellness of thepopulace(Bali &amp Dwivedi 2007). TheNewham NHS has undertakengreatstridesin improvingitservicesaimingat reducingthesignificanthealthinequalitiesin theBorough. Theboroughis thesecondmostdeprived localauthorityandwith thehighestunemploymentratein thecapital(Pollock2005). Thesesocial,economicfactorshavesignificantly contributedto thepoorhealthin Newham as comparedto peersin otherareasof thecapital (Kabene 2010). ResearchshowsthatNewham’s has the highestmortalityrate,with illnessessuchas cancer,respiratory andcirculatory diseasesbeingthebiggestcausesof death(DoH 2011). Additionally, theBorough has thelowestlifeexpectancyratiocomparedto otherareasin thecountry.To solvethesehealth-related challenges, has implementedelaborate changes in service delivery. Additionally hasreformedthestructureof thehealthservices,which is aimed at increasing healthandwellness of theresidents(DoH,2011).Theadoptedchangesare aimed atdeliveringimprovedhealthservicesleadingto improvedhealthoutcomesin Newham.Additionally theyhave assistedin narrowing healthinequalitiesandpromotingpositivelifechoicesthat promote,sustainandimprovethehealthandwell-beingof allcitizens(Morris 2006). Changes adopted by NHS Neham seeking to revolutionizethe health sector are in fulfillment of proposals of theconstitution, under the Health and Social Act of 2012, whichfundamentally changed the organization and running of NHS in EnglandThispaperexemplifiesvariouschangesadoptedby , outliningimportanceandsuccessof thesechangesin thesustenanceof healthandwellbeing of Newham populace.

TheJoint Strategic Needs Assessments

TheNewham Health andWellbeing Board works togetherwith Clinical Commissioning groupsto preparetheJoint Strategic Needs Assessments (JSNA). These are detailedassessmentsof appropriate changes in , which would promote the healthand wellbeing of Newham residents. Theseneedsarebasedon populationsizeandstructure,establishedpatternsof illnesses,as wellas social-economicfactorsthat affectthehealth.Among the established social-economic factors that affect healthincludetheavailable housing,unemploymentandtheenvironment.TheseJSNAs establishestheaptimprovementsthat need to be undertaken by to improveresidents’well-being.Additionally, they assistthesystemto prioritize planandcommissionhealthandsocialcareservices.

Preventionof Diseases

The has establishedkeystrategiesthat focusmorepreventing occurrenceof diseases.Thisis a significantshiftfrom thecontemporaryhealthandwellness approacheswhich focusedmoreon treatment(NHS 2012). The has comeout stronglyin encouragingresidentsto be moreactiveofferingappropriatesupportto preventtheonsetof illnessesthat can bedirectlylinkedto negativelifestyle choices.Additionally, has establishedbottom-up programs,which aims at sensitizing the populace on appropriate methods ofmaintaining and promoting health. Thesechangesanddevelopmentendeavorsat maintainingappropriatelifestyles that tacklehealthissuesalongside medicalprescriptions(NHS 2012).

NHSNewham has establishedthatpersonalchoicesandbehaviorsare among thecriticalissuesaffectingthehealthandwellbeing of Newham Residents. Individualandlifestyle choicessuchas drugabuse,poordietandsluggishnesshavesignificantimpactson personalhealthandwellbeing. To resolvethis,the has institutedvariousprogramsaimingat promotinghealthybehaviorsamong residents.Newham Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) has establishedNewham Community Prescription approach,which offersalternativesto relying on solelyclinical models.Thisapproach,which includesa broadrangeof physicalactivityoptions,isdevelopedthrough partnershipwith localorganizationsin the Borough (Healthand Wellbeing Board 2015).Additionally, has sensitizedthepopulaceon healthyeatinghabits,a developmentchampioned by CCG clinicians. Promotionandprioritization of choicesandbehaviorspromotinghealthandwellbeing aredeliveredthrough variedandvibrantinfrastructureswithin thecommunity(CCG 2015). Establishedinfrastructures,suchas communitiesof health,ensurethatthepopulaceis at easecommittingto healthyactivitiessince theresidentsare alreadyfamiliarwith them, owing to their local existence.

Reductionof social-economic inequalities

Researchshowsa significantreductionin behaviorcausingillhealthsuchas smokinganddrugabusein Newham. Thereductionis howevermoreefficientamongst theresidentsof highersocial-economic classthan thelowersocial-economic class.Additionally, residents from thelowersocial-economic classarelikelytoengagein negativebehaviorssuch assmoking,drugabuseandlowerlevels of physicalactivitiesthan their peersfrom thehighersocial- economic class. Thissocial-economic stratificationof behaviorsevidences theenormousimpactsof social-economic classon individualshealthandwellbeing of Newham’s populace.Assuch,the has alsoprioritized reducingsocial-economic inequalitiesamongst Newhamresidentsaiming at combating health inequalities in the borough (CCG2015). has embarkedon theimperativeroleof reducinginequalitiesamong thedeterminants of health,suchas social-economic inequalitiesamongst theresidents. has establishedthatsocialinequalitiesin housing,employmentandeducationare among thebiggestcausesof healthproblemsin Newham (Furness 2011).Accordingto JSNAs, individualsare morelikelyto engagein behaviorscausingillhealthsuchas smoking,abusingdrugsorlivein overcrowdedhousesiftheyare from thelowersocial-economicclass.In thisperspective, recognizedtheneedforpromotingemploymentamongst allresidentsas a wayof maintainingresidents’goodhealthandwellbeing, therebyreducinghealthinequalitiesin Newham. Researchevidencesthat employmentempowerspeopleto adoptappropriatebehaviorsandlifestyles that promotepersonalhealthandwellbeing, hencetheneedfor to helpresidents,engagein incomegeneratingactivities(CCG 2015).

NHSNewham, in partnershipwith localbusinesses,is helpingtheunemployedresidentsof Newham to engagein incomegeneratingactivities.Thisisachievedthrough networking theunemployedresidentsto thevariousemploymentinstitutionsin Newham. Additionally, is economically empoweringtheunemployedpersonsin Newham, enablingthem starttheir businesses,which is importantin enablingallresidentsembracebehaviorsthat promotepersonalhealthandwellbeing. Thesestrategiesare imperativein tacklingmentalhealthissuesin theborough,since theyhelpallcitizens,eventhosewhohavebeenunemployedfora longtimeto acquirejobs(NHS2013.

Enablingcitizens obtain jobs have been successful in treating severe mentalhealth challenges including lack of confidence, which is among themajor barriers to getting employment and building personal wellbeing.To maintain an ever working populace, NHSNewham, through GPs andotherhealthprofessionalsmakessurethathealthyresidentsare not signedout of worklongerthan necessary,which createsa barrierto re-entering work(CCG 2015).Additionally, NHS is focusingon helpingresidentswhoare out of jobsto re-enter thelabormarket,therebyensuringsocial-economic equality in Newham. Strategiesto ensurethatmajorityof Newham residentsareengagedin incomegeneratingactivities,havepaidoff, wherebythemajorityare nowengagingin differentincomegeneratingactivities.Thishas translatedto improvedhealthandwell-beingof thepopulace,whereimprovedsocial-economic statushas helpedtheresidentsadopthealthierbehaviorsandlifestyles (CCG2015).Additionally, improvingthesocial,economicconditionsof theresidentshas been imperative in reducingcrimeandcrimeratesin Newham, as well as improving housing,which are vitalin promotingresidentshealthandwellbeing (Kabene2010).

Longtermillnesses

NHSNewham has establishedthatlong-term conditions,suchas respiratory diseases,Cancer, diabetes andrespiratory diseaseshavethehighestimpactson Newhamhealthandwellbeing. Statistics revealsthatNewham has thehighestmortalityrateresultingfrom Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) in London(Healthand Wellbeing Board 2015).Additionally, thoughtherateof canceris not significantly differentfrom otherpartsof London, Newham holdthesecondworstone-year survivalrateof cancerin England. In addition, Newham recordssixth largestmortalityratefrom (COPD) Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease andthehighestrecordedlevels of Diabetes in England(Furness2011). To winthefightagainst long-term illnesses,the has adoptedelaborateearlyinterventionstrategies,which are imperativein combatingtheseconditions(Furness 2011).

NHSNewham has designedappropriatestrategiesto ensurethatresidentssufferinglongtermillnessesaccesstreatmentservicesin initialdevelopmentsof theseconditions,increasingthechancesof survival.Additionally, NHS has beenvocalin theremovalof barriersthat stopresidentssufferinglong-term illnessesfrom seekingoraccessingappropriatehealthcare. In addition, has adoptedstrategiesto removebarriersthat createdelaysin diagnosisandtreatmentof longtermillnesses.Thesestrategiesare imperativein enablingresidentsrecognizeessentials of godhealth,increasetheir expectations fortheir health,andhelpthem to knowwhereandhowto seekhelpin casetheysuffertheselong-term illnesses(Kabene 2010).The recognizesthatresidentswith long-term conditionsfaceenhancedsocialcareneeds,hencehas developedstrategiesto providebothhealthandsocialcareservicesto residentswith long-term healthconditions (Rawlins&amp LittleJohns 2005).

NHSNewham has establishedintegratedcarestrategiesthat providehealthandsocialcareto individualssufferingfrom long-term conditions.Thesenotable strategieshavebeendevelopedin partnership withEast London, Waltham forest,andthecity,andaimsat providingthemostappropriateout-of-hospital careto residentswith longtermhealthconditions.Theseintegratedhealthcare strategieshavebeenin theforefrontin theprovisionof careforresidentswith long-term healthconditions,which leadsto a healthierNewham, as envisioned by (Kabene 2010).

Sensitizinghealthcare in Newham

Accordingto Marmot, disadvantagesin lifestartbefore birthandaccumulatesthroughout theindividual`slife.Researchhas shownthatinequalitiesin lifecan bereducedthrough provisionof qualityhealthcare servicesto allchildrenduring birthamong otherstrategies(Doh2013). has embracedthestrategyof providingqualitymaternalhealthcareservicesto allresidents,which will be imperativein buildingchildhealthandwellbeing of everychildin Newham. Additionally, has takenappropriatestrategiesto entrenchhealthybehaviorsamong childrenduring earlystagesof development.Cultivatinghealthybehaviorsduring earlystagesof developmentis criticalto preventingthedevelopmentof healthproblemslaterin life(Furness 2011).

Newhamboaststheyoungestpopulationin England, which is furthersupplementedby therisingbirthrate. Owingto thesepopulationaspects, has laiddown suitablestrategiesto buildresilienceby maintainingchildrenandfamiliesto managetheir healthandwellbeing.Thisis essentialto promotinghealthylifestyles, as wellas reducingcostsof illhealthin their laterlives(Flowers 2012). NHSNewham Is workingin patnership with Newham’s Local Children Trusts to providetheyoungpeoplewith thebeststartsin life,as wellas enjoyactiveandhealthylifestyles, which is importantin promotinghealththroughout their lives(Furness 2011).Since NHS servicesare nowunder localauthorities, is refocusing its resourcesto visitingschoolnursingservicesto advisetheyoungpeopleon appropriate,safeandactivelifestyles. Through partnershipwith childrencentersandschools,the has registeredallfamiliesin Newham with theGPs, which has assistedgreatlyin thesupportof vulnerablechildrenandfamilies(DoH2006). Additionally, is incorporatingsuccessfulschoolsandchildrencentersin promotinginterventionsandpreventivehealthworks,suchas languagetherapy,nutrition,familytherapyamongst olderresidents(CCG 2015).Goodmentalhealth,as wellas excellentemotionalwellbeing, are essentialforbetterfunctioning of thefamily.Itis importantin buildingpersonalcapacitiesas wellas developingsoundrelationshipsandcommunityresilience. targets theyoungergenerationenablingthem to accesshigh-quality therapeuticservices,which is essentialto recoveringormanagingmental health (Flowers 2012).

Theabove-mentioned strategieshavechangedthetraditionalNHS structure,to a modernstructurethat promotesefficienthealthservicedeliveryamong citizens.Contemporary gearedmorein providinghealthcare servicesin hospitals,with lesseremphasison preventivemethods of cure (Furness 2011).Thestructuredepended moreon medicalconsultantswhoprovidedhealthcareservicesto a step-down structurefrom hospitals.Additionally, thetraditional didnot enhancepersonalorcommunalownershipof health,factorswhich ledto its failures.ThesefailureshavecontributedtomakingNewham among theboroughswiththe pooresthealthin England, withthe highestmortalityratesandgreatesthealthinequalities.However,theadoptedchangesin have revolutionized improvingits servicedeliveryandpromotinghealthandwellbeing(DoH2006). Therevolutionized has reducedthenumberof treatmentscarriedout in hospitalsby promotingpatientsledstepdown from hospitals.Additionally, modernized has increasedthefocusandimportanceof personalandcommunalownershipof healthservices.Thishas beenachievedthrough theincreasedpromotionappropriatelifestyles andbehaviors,as wellas thesensitization of healthcareservicesamong the populace (Morris2006).

Conclusion

Asaforementioned, has undertakenadequatestrategiesto improvethedeliveryof healthservicesamong thepopulace,which is imperativein promotinghealthandwellbeing amongst thepopulace.The has championed thepromotionof appropriatehealthandlifestyle among theresidents,which is essentialin preventingtheoccurrenceof diseasesin Newham. Among theappropriatehealthylifestyle championed by includessensitizingthepublicagainst negativebehaviorssuchas smokinganddrugabuse,as wellas promotingactivitiesmeantto promotetheactiveness among thepopulace.Additionally, has foughtto reducehealthinequalitiesin Newham, by assistingthepopulaceengagein incomegeneratingactivities. has takenappropriatestepsto provideintegratedcareto residentswith longtermillnessesthat providestherequisitehealthandsocialcare.The has alsoembarkedon promotingappropriatelifestyles among theyoungpeople,which eventuallytranslateto healthandwellbeing of Newham populace.

References

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RachelFlowers, 2012. NewhamJointStrategic Needs Assessment(JSNA).2011/12 – August2012 Update. Retrieved fromhttp://www.newham.gov.uk/Pages/Services/Health-and-wellbeing-board.aspx#Responsibilities[Accessed on 14 January 2015]

Rawlins,M. D., &amp LittleJohns, P. 2005. DeliveringQuality in the NHS.Oxford,Radcliffe Medical.