Syntax, Spoken And Written: An Autobiography 6
Syntax is arrangement of wordsin a language, refers to the rules that govern the sentence structureof any language. In informal and formal speech words have a certainway they are arranged to convey a meaning. Thedifference is best understood as an instance of what linguists callregister, each register has a distinct way of words arrangement.(Bas, A).. It does not mean that one islesser than the other but the contest in which they are used makesthe arrangement of words differ. Native speaker of English language,may consider some spoken phrases to be correct or well formed, whenlooking at syntax of the natural language, the expression or thephrases are always correct according to the native speaker.
It is expected that from thesyntax of a natural language that it will specify exactly thoseexpressions that native speakers will consider to be correct, orwell-formed. That is the reason why even the informal speech used inEnglish language are not dimmed lesser that formal speech. . (Bas,A).
Example of informal speechsentence.
I a’int got no
Noun (I aint)
I don’t have any,
(I don’t) (Haveany)
Formalwriting is used in business writing, official, academic writing amongothers while, informal writing has shortsentences which are acceptable and sometimes essential to making apoint in writing. The two writing on effect of migration on theCaribbean, there is the first type of writing which is very long andrepetitive , this are features of informal type of writing, wherebythe speaker writes as though they are speaking to someone else, thistype of writing, does not have clear definition between subject andpredicate.
Formal and informal writing.
Dominicians Migration broughttension
Noun (Dominicans’) noun (tension)
N(migration D(the) V(verb)
Pp(of) N(Dominicians, tension).
InEnglish grammatical rules, a sentence is thelargest unit to which syntactic rules can apply. Syntactic rule meansa sentence has a subject anda predicate(object).(Bas, A).
Syntaxusually examines sentences that have a clear definition of subjectand predicate. Somesentence types have no distinction between subject and predicate. Forexample the informal speech and informal writing. Informal writing iswritten just like the way a person would speak informally, example iswhen writing informal text message, a speaker will write withoutadhering to any grammar rules, just like he or she would use informalspeech. Secondly, in some languages single word serves as thepredicate and subject, in such languages morphology expresses thedistinction of the two and not syntax. Those are the reasons why, ininformal writing and informal speech, it is difficult to draw asyntax tree. In formal writing and formal speech, they are usuallyadhering to English grammar rule, because they have the subject andthe predicate hence it is possible to draw their syntactic structure,like in the above drawn syntactic tree diagrams.
Bas,A.English Syntax and Argumentation:Palgrave Modern Linguistics.University of Michigan:Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.