Modernity and Post-Modernity

Modernityand Post-Modernity

Accordingto the article, ThePostmodern Condition,science develops (Lyotard 54). This proposition is true since sciencehas kept on being developed and some philosophies being advanced inan attempt to find the truth. Science has been developing becausescientific ideas have been developing this can be construed from achange in the traditional, modern, and postmodern way of scientificthinking. According to the modern scientists, science was to beviewed as a pursuit for truth concerning the world and all forces hadto be ignored that denied truth. Besides, scientists during themodern time had to be objective observers. However, duringpostmodern, scientists are supposed to arrive at truth by respondingto social forces using either the scientific community or without it.Moreover, postmodern science is of the belief that observations neednot interpret themselves. This is a clear indication that science hasbeen developing from time to time. This is also true because therehas been development of ideas from one scientist to another. Forexample, from generation to generation, there have been developmentsin the science that have led to adding of knowledge to society.Postmodernism defines a late 20thcentury style in the architecture, arts and criticism that followedmodernism.

Accordingto the article, there is an implication that science should be aimedat providing information that is true. Information may be outdated,but this does not mean that the information is not true (Lyotard 54).The article argues that what is outdated, does not imply what is trueand just, but implies seeing science as positivistic. Besides, thearticle implies that scientists should be in a position to provideproof for the information that they provide that is, any informationthat is offered by scientists should have support, despite modernityor postmodernity. According to the article, in the current status ofscientific knowledge, there is the problem of double legitimationsince there is the question of what constitutes knowledge and whoknows what should be decided. As such, the analysis of the pragmaticaspect of is critical. Further, the narrative knowledge allows peopleto be in a position to define the criteria of competence. On theother hand, the scientific knowledge requires one language game anddenotation retained, while all others become excluded. In addition,delegitimation attacks the legitimacy of the science discourse andshould have its own rules.


Lyotard,Jean-Francois. ThePostmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge.Theory and History of Literature, Volume 10.