KEEPING ANIMALS IN ZOOS 4
KeepingAnimals in Zoos
Zoosare considered by some to be good while others consider them as bad.Although zoos are perceived to save the endangered species, animalrights activists are against them because they believe that thebenefits of zoos are less compared to costs. The following paragraphswill discuss points that are for and against zoos
Oneof the arguments for zoos is that they help in bringing animals andpeople together as such, zoos help in educating the masses aboutanimals. This is critical in making people appreciate animals oncepeople become exposed to animals, they become motivated to protectthem. Another point for zoos is that they help in saving theendangered species (Maple&Perdue,2013). Zoos help in bringing the endangered species in a safelocation, where they become protected from poachers, loss of habitat,predators, and starvation. This prevents the endangered species fromextinction, which a significant advantage to the community. Besides,the zoos help in protecting the endangered species because most ofthem have breeding programs that promote the existence of theendangered species unlike when they are at large, where they findproblems finding mates for support of breeding. Zoos are also goodsince the reputable ones become accredited, which helps in holdinganimals to high standards. For instance, in the zoos, animals arecapable of receiving health services when they become ill. Inaddition, zoos are critical since they help in recovering wildlifeand taking in pets, which people are no longer capable of caring foror that they do not want (Maple&Perdue,2013). Furthermore, zoos help people in having personal and memorableexperiences by seeing animals live rather than just seeing the animalin a documentary.
Thereare different arguments that make zoos not preferred. One of thearguments is that keeping animals in zoos is a violation of rights ofindividual animals. Animal rights activists are of the opinion thatthere is no need of abusing the rights of animals by confining themso that they can amuse or educate people. Animal rights activistsalso argue that there is no need of infringing the rights of animalseven if they are considered endangered because an animal belonging tothe group of endangered species does not imply that the individualanimal has fewer rights (Maple&Perdue,2013).
Anotherargument against zoos is that they curtail the freedom of animals,which make animals to suffer from boredom and stress. When animalsare at large, they have full freedom because they can mingle withothers freely without being separated from any of the animals.However, when confined in zoos, they lack freedom because they can bechanged from one confinement to another and they are restricted tomoving to some areas. Therefore, keeping animals in zoos is perceivedlike holding animals captive. On the other hand, since confined babyanimals fetch visitors and resources, there is an incentive to breedanimals in order to get baby animals. However, this leads tooverpopulation of animals. Because of the overpopulation, there is anincentive to sell some animals and even some slaughtered.Alternatively, some animals are moved to other places in order toease the population. This movement of animals from their originalzoos separates them from their generation leading to breaking ofintergenerational bonds (Maple&Perdue,2013).
Theargument concerning the keeping of animals in zoos has been an issueof debate since animal rights activists view the idea as aninfringement of animal rights, while others view it beneficial sinceit provides an opportunity for interacting and caring for animals. Ithink it is good to keep animals in zoos because the endangeredspecies are protected.
Maple,T. L., & Perdue, B. M. (2013). Zooanimal welfare.Berlin: Springer.