Issues Facing Migrants in Australia

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Issues Facing Migrants inAustralia

Student Number

Group members

Teacher Name

Outline

Section 1 3

Introduction 3

1.1. Background to the Research Topic 3

1.2. Aims and Objectives of the Research 4

1.3. Significance of the Research 4

1.4. DTRP Context 5

1.5. Research Questions 5

Section 2 6

Methodology 6

2.1. Research Design 6

2.2. Data Collection Methods 6

2.2.1. Primary Data 6

2.2.2. Secondary Data 6

2.2.3. Justification of Use of Data Collection methods 7

2.3. Sampling 7

Section 3 8

Analysis of Findings 8

Research Question 1 8

Research Question 2 10

Research Question 3 10

Research Question 4 12

Questionnaire Questions 12

Age 12

Conclusion 20

Reference List 21

Appendix 22

Appendix A 22

Sample Filled Questionnaire 22

Appendix B 24

Survey Monkey 24

Part B: Personal Reflection 25

Self Evaluation 25

Research skills/Procedure 25

Summary………………………………………………………………………………………………………….27

Section1Introduction

    1. Background to the Research Topic

Australiais among the classical continents of immigration. The rebuilding ofthe nation after British Colonization in 1788 implied destruction ofthe Aboriginal societies, as well as construction of new nation onbasis of immigration. Earliest settlers remained as convicts,colonial administrators and soldiers. These were followed by freesettlers that were encouraged by Britain. The mid-19thcentury, gold rushes increased immigration, especially from USA,Britain and other parts of Europe. The first group on non-Europeanworkers were from China and pacific Islands. The Anti-Asian campaignspromoted the Immigration Restriction Act of 1901, popularly known asWhite Australian Policy. After World War II, Australia introducedthe immigration program in order to increase the population as wellas help in boosting the economy. The main aim was to encourageBritish Immigrants. However, the growing proportion came fromNorthern and Eastern Europe, then Southern Europe during 1950s and1960s. The recession in 1970s encouraged new immigration currentsfrom Middle East, Asia, New Zealand and Latin America. This resultedto overall policy planned for permanent immigration whose control wasfacilitated by the isolated geographic position of Australia (Kabir2006, p. 193).

Nonetheless,migration has unforeseen consequences where the ethnic composition ofthe migrants has changed over time in the way it used to be desiredor predicted by architects of migration program. Partly, this wasbecause of labor requirement during the early expansionary phasesthat dictated changes within the recruitment policies. Also, chainmigration enhances self-sustenance of the migratory processes. Theresultant effects of the increased ethnic diversity is to move fromthe narrow mono-cultural identity to a new concept that was based onmulticulturalism that was introduced officially in 1970s (Poot 2008,p.129).

Australiais a popular destination for many people who have been willing tostart life in a new country. The economy of the country is veryconducive and the country has been active in encouraging immigrant,especially for the skilled immigrants. Generally, moving to anothercountry is not easy. One has to leave the comfort of the family inquest for good job or education. This makes immigration an excitingand at the same time stressful. Most immigrants in Australia move into look for better life.

    1. Aims and Objectives of the Research

Therefore, the current paperinvestigates the issues affecting the immigrants in Australia. Themain objective of this topic was because of the current issues thathave been affecting immigrants in Australia and the need to educateboth the natives and immigrants on the need to embrace and handleimmigration.

    1. Significance of the Research

Researchshows that immigrants believe that there is better life in othercountries. Most of the immigrants go to Australia to look for work.However, it is evident that those without English knowledgeexperience hard time, and are compelled to take jobs that are notpaying, hence their living conditions are not as admirable as itshould be. Other issues affecting immigrants include healthcare,especially due to lack of English knowledge, hence making it hard forthem to communicate with doctors as well as get good jobs (Stevens2013, p. 1).

Therefore, it is clear thatboth the immigrants and the country of immigration have their ownintentions justifying their migration. Therefore, this research willprovide a more elaborate perspective of immigration and determinewhether the said aims of immigration are meant, and any obstaclessurrounding the immigration.

    1. DTRP Context

Thecurrent research used both secondary and primary research. Secondaryresearch involved review of various literature materials explainingthe immigration in Australia. The primary methods involved using thequestionnaire with questions. The survey was undertaken via thesurvey monkey.

    1. Research Questions

Thecurrent research was based on below outlined research questions

  1. What are the major issues facing the immigrants in Australia?

  2. Which actions has the government in Australia taken towards unravelling the issues facing immigrants in Australia, and how does the immigrant contribute towards solving the issues surrounding them?

  3. Which are the major causes of immigration, and how does it affect the people involved?

  4. What are the advantages and disadvantages of immigration?

This research approached thetopic through the research questions above in a way of determiningthe issues affecting immigrants in Australia. This also helped indetermining the actions of the government towards solving the issuesaffecting the immigrants. Also, in the guest for the issues affectingimmigrants, it was necessary to determine why people migrate toAustralia and determine whether their reasons and expectations werefulfilled. This in return demanded for investigating the advantagesand disadvantages associated with migration.

Section2Methodology2.1.Research Design

Thisresearch used an exploratory design where the researchers exploredthe various issues affecting immigrants, the efforts to curb thoseeffects, and the action of government in handling these issues.Therefore, this required enough time to collect all the data. Theresearch was undertaken in duration of 1 week, equivalent to 84 hoursof research. During this time, the researchers had to undertakeformulate the research questions, design the questionnaire andconduct the survey through survey monkey portal.

2.2.Data Collection Methods

Thisis the process of gathering relevant data for analysis to makeinformed judgments. Data collected concerned issues affectingimmigrants in Australia. Survey was distributed to all immigrants invarious areas, such as executives, entrepreneurs, consumers, businessgroup, business leaders, and the general public in all the firms tohelp get an elaborate view of the issues affecting the immigrants.These groups of participants were chosen as because they had usefulinformation pertaining to this research.

2.2.1.Primary Data

Carefulexamination of the compiled primary information gathered through rankorder scale and survey monkey to help in quantification, graphing andcharting of the information to show potential patterns ofsalient points by means of issues and measures surroundingimmigration.

2.2.2.Secondary Data

Inthe secondary data collection method, the data was gathered fromrelevant literature previously reviewed by peers and other academicresources scholarly and academic journals, magazines and newspapers.These data was used as benchmark since it had already beenauthentically and accurately validated (Vogt,2010). Thesecondary data facilitated the determination of the researchquestionnaire and ensured review of relevant literature in thecollection of primary data. RMIT Library Foundations Guide and GoogleScholar provided excellent avenues to acquiring these materials.

2.2.3.Justification of Use of Data Collection methods

Thequestionnaires are relevant especially when a broad base ofrespondents is involved. This provides a more elaborate data foranalysis, especially because the immigrants who had their dreams cometrue would give their responses while those who seem to bedissatisfied would also give their views. However, the majordisadvantage of questionnaire is the response rate is relatively lowand also structuring the questions in a way that is appealing torespondents is challenging. The secondary data was necessary sincethe information contained therewith had been verified and documented.This means that they could provide a comprehensive benchmark for thedata collected through the primary research. Nevertheless, secondaryresearch can be ineffective especially due to different times throughwhich the research is undertaken.

2.3.Sampling

Thestudy sample comprised of 100 respondents. As for their gender, theywere not required to specify. The age for the target population wasfrom 18 years onwards. By use of survey monkey, it was very easy toget the respondents of who were not initially the Australianresidents. Both qualitative and quantitative questions were used. Forinstance, the respondents were asked to rate the response ofAustralian government in dealing with their issues and also givetheir opinions on how they believe the issues affecting immigrantscould be handled. The respondents were asked to give the year theymigrated to Australian, reasons behind their migration and whetherthis was fulfilled. In total, the researchers used 12 questions.

Section3Analysisof FindingsResearchQuestion 1

Whatare the major issues facing the immigrants in Australia?

Oneof the major issue affecting immigrants in Australia is languages.The official communication language in Australia is English. Studiesshow that those who are not able to communicate in English experiencechallenges in looking for jobs, however skilled they may be. Also,lack of English knowledge translates to many issues faced byimmigrants is health institutions as they seek for medical care sincethey cannot communicate to doctors how they feel or whatever they aresuffering from. The figure 1 and table 1 below illustrate the datagotten from the research (McCarthy 2011, p. 134).

Table 1: Challengesfacing immigrants in Australia

Fig 1: Challengesfacing immigrants in Australia

Theresearch results showed that language is the greatest barrier toimmigrants in Australia, at 35%. This is followed by high cost ofliving at 25%, then social living styles at13%, application forAustralian residence at 11%. Studying and applying for visa tie at8%.

Therefore,it is interesting to note that other researchers consider language tobe the greatest barrier, and this was confirmed by the currentresearch, where it is leading at 35%.

Fromthe results, it is clear that language barrier is a great obstaclesto people who migrate to Australia. This translates indirectly toother barriers such as high cost of living, particularly sinceacquiring good job is hard when there is language barrier, hence lowincome. People with low income will always experience hardship inearning a living (Zubrzycki 1960, p. 45).

Therefore,the government in Australia should set up education programs toeducate any immigrants coming to Australia. Other things like visaapplication and Australian citizenship applications implies that theimmigration department should have policies clearly set regarding theimmigration and related issues.

ResearchQuestion 2

Whichactions has the government in Australia taken towards unravelling theissues facing immigrants in Australia, and how does the immigrantcontribute towards solving the issues surrounding them?

Thegovernment initiated the convection initiative plus in 2003 thataddresses the current issues facing immigrants in Australia. Theseissues are well outlined in the international protection thatrecognizes three major challenges facing immigrants. These includeresettlement, irregular movements and targeting developmentassistance. In handling resettlement, the Australian governmentundertook a major role in developing a multilateral framework ofunderstanding on resettlement which was welcomed by the executivecommittee in 2004. The irregular movement of immigrants wasconsidered as priority mainly because it destabilizes the structuredinternational efforts towards provision of solutions to immigrants(Kabir 2006, p. 193).

Thisalso prevents orderly prioritization of any durable solutions, aswell as preventing issues related with resorting to people smugglersin order to facilitate any irregular movements. The government inAustralia has been a major participant in Convention Plusnegotiations in order to enhance development of strategies thatenhance effective handling of the issues. In their efforts towardstargeting of development assistance, the government has been able tosupport solutions related with immigrants, both in their hostcountries and as they move back to their homes. The government isnormally being consulted during development of the draft Statementfor Good Practice that normally highlights practices and policiesrequired to enhance effective development assistance to immigrantareas that require greatest need. Below is a case study reflectingthe effectiveness of policies and procedures in handling immigrantsand refugees in Australia (Poot 2008, p. 129).

Onthe other hand, the immigrants on their part practice self-disclosurethat plays a major role in increasing their authority andcredibility. Therefore, a great understanding is required indeveloping trust and relationships as they settle since most of themfear disclosing personal and confidential information to thedepartments involved. Below framework represents the issues facingimmigrants and actions taken by government and immigrants themselvesin handling these issues (McCarthy2011, p. 134).

Inthe context of this research, when asked about what the government isdoing to handle the issues facing immigrants, respondents noted thatthe government is reducing the number of visas granted and alsomaking acquisition of visas very difficult. Others noted that thegovernment has played a major role in ensuringenough government offices in every major city to support theimmigrant`s need and also available help can be found online.

Theresearch by Robinson (2010), shows that the government has beentrying its best to ensure that immigrants get the required services.However, this has been however hindered by the high number ofrefugees coming to the country than the government can sustain. Theresults shows that the government is establishing offices in almostevery city to ensure that the issues affecting immigrants are handledwith immediate urgency it requires. It is therefore recommended thatthe government should increase the number of the immigrants’offices and promote accountability for the workers to ensure thatissues surrounding immigration are handled clearly. Also, regulationsshould be put into place to ensure that the immigration is wellcontrolled to ensure a balance between the population and theresources available (Robinson2010, p. 2451).

ResearchQuestion 3

Which are the major causesof immigration, and how does it affect the people involved?

Thereare two classes of migrants that the Australia advocates for. Theseare skilled migrants who have skills and qualifications necessary toimprove the economy in Australia, and the business migrants whoenhance business ventures and promote economy of the country. Skilled migrants involve the independent skilled migrants who includequalified persons within the approved occupation, and who should beat most 45 years of age. The skilled migrants-Australian-linkedentails those immigrants with family members in Australia who cansponsor them, and are majorly assessed based on qualifications, age,and language ability(Stevens 2013, p. 26).

Thedistinguished talent entails small category of immigrants who areespecially talented, especially in sports and arts. The employernominated migrants involves those people nominated by overseasemployers to fill a job vacancy in Australia when there are no localpeople possessing suitable skills required for the task at hand. Themigrants are assessed on basis of age, qualifications and proficiencyin English. Finally, in this category of skilled migrants required byAustralia is the regional sponsored migration scheme where anemployee maybe nominated in remote areas outside the metropolitandistricts. On the other hand, the business migrants required by theAustralian government normally come under the stream of skilledmigrants. This is normally necessary as it helps in business skillsmigration from their home countries to Australia, and this helps inpromoting the economy in Australia. The major people eligible forapplication are senior executives, investors and business ownersunder the Business Skills Category that grants them provisional visafor four years, after which they can apply for residence visa(Stevens 2013, p. 28).

Inthe context of this paper, the below table and graph illustrate theresults of the study on causes of immigration.

Table2: Main Causes ofImmigration

Fig2: Main Causes ofImmigration

TheFigure 2 and Table 2 above show that most people migrate to Australiawith the aim of getting a better future, 30.85%. This is followed by23.40% who go to Australia for educational purposes. Others, 14.89 %want higher living standards, 10.64 % go there for the sake ofbusinesses. The other 10.64 % go there due to its good environment,while the lowest percentage, 9.57% go to Australia to join theirpartners, family or relatives.

Hunter (2012) in his book ofimmigration noted that many people believe that life in Australia isbetter with high standards of living, hence motivated to migrate.Also, a good percentage go there for educational purposes due to highlevel of education, especially engineering and other internationallyaccredited courses.

The results show that peoplehave diverse reasons of migrating to Australia. Some go there justbecause the country is admirable and would like to live there. Thisis the desire of every human being. However, others migrate to getgood education, job or joining their loved ones.

It is recommended that peopleconsider their reasons for migration critically before embarking onany move. This is because most of the immigrants have theirexpectations contrary to what they get, simply because the originalintent was wrong.

ResearchQuestion 4

Whatare the advantages and disadvantages of immigration?

Immigration comes with it boththe advantages and disadvantages. As note during the research mostimmigrants considered immigration as an exciting opportunities toexperience something real in a total different environment from home.Others believed that being in Australia provided them with anopportunity to learn English and this meant that more opportunities,both in their career and business life. However, other shortcomingsof immigration was loneliness, missing home and also racialdiscrimination amongst others. Poot (2008) concurs with theseresponses in his book on effects of immigration where he notes thatimmigration is exciting and at the same time stressful, particularlydue to all the protocols involved for one to be accommodated andenjoy similar privileges as the real citizens of the country ofimmigration.

QuestionnaireQuestionsAge

Table 3 and Figure 3presents the analysis of age

Table3: Age

Fig3: Age

TheTable 3 and Figure 3 show that the main respondents were between 18and 24 years of age. This was followed by those between 25 and 34years. Those over 55 years were 6 %, followed by 45 to 54 year at 4%,and finally those between 35 to 44 years were 3%. McCarthy (2011)noted that most youths are in constant search for greener pastures,hence always in transit to look for better jobs, better livingconditions and good education.

The results showed that mostof the people who migrate to Australia are young, and can beconsidered to be youths between 18 and 34 years. Also, there areother immigrants who have been living in Australia for quite a longtime, especially those over 55 years of age.

It is therefore recommendedthat the government take into consideration the youthful nature ofthe immigrants and formulate measures to ensure maximum use.

How long have you beenAustralia?

Table 4 and Figure 4 shows theyears that the respondents had lived in Australia

Table4: Years Living inAustralia

Fig4: Years Living inAustralia

Itcan be observed that most respondents had lived in Australia for oneyear, 56.12%. This was followed by those who have lived there for 3years at 14%, more than 5 years at 12.24%, two years at 10.2, andfour years at 6.12% and five years at 1.02%.

The results shows that manypeople have lived in Australia for one year. According to Stevens(2013), Australia has had a sudden surge in immigrants in recentpast. Many people are migrating to Australia. However, the low numberof people in following years implies that immigrant retention isrelatively low.

Itis therefore necessary for the government to regulate the suddenincrease of immigrants for the sake of enhancing an equitabledistribution of resources and prevent any instances of overcrowding.

What is your level ofearning?

TheTable 5 and Figure 5 below show the level of the annual earnings forthe customers. This aimed at determining the living conditions andpurchasing power.

Table5: Level of Earning

Fig5: Level of Earning

Theresults show that most people, 50.53%, earned $10,000 to 12,000. Thiswas followed by those earning between $12,000 and 24,000 at 25.26 %.The rest, which constituted less than 25% of the respondents earnedmore than $24,000.

Theresults clearly show that most immigrants had low living standardsdue to low income levels. According to Zubrzycki (1960), immigrantsexperience challenges in getting absorbed to the employment system ofthe host country. This is faced by immigrants across all nationsworldwide. There is no any one country that has ever acceptedimmigrants on first glance. There is always a long process full ofprotocols for one to be employed in the host country.

Itis recommended that measures be put into place to enhance the livingstandards of immigrants. This can be by setting up policies andreviewing the regulations to enhance more acquisition of incomegenerating opportunities amongst the immigrants.

What is your occupation?

Table6 and Figure 6 below illustrate the occupation of the sampleimmigrants. The response rate was 98%.

Table6: Occupation

Fig6: Occupation

It can be observed that mostof the immigrants went to Australia to study, 64.29%. Others went tostudy and work at the same time, 21.43%. However, only 14.29% went toAustralia to work full time.

Mostof people go to Australia to study. This is especially backed by theresearch done by Robinson (2010) who noted that Australia is a greatcountry with a good system of education. This has attracted manypeople from all walks of life to come and study in other country.Some, however, multi-task work part-time while studying

It is commendable that theAustralian education is recognized internationally. Therefore, themajor education institutions in the country should plan to expandinternationally to other countries to enhance easy access toeducation and better plan for immigration.

What is your educationalbackground?

The Table 7 and Figure 7 showeducational background, both in Australia and overseas for theimmigrants. The response rate was 96%.

Table7: EducationalBackground

Figure7: EducationalBackground

Those with bachelor degreewere 36.46%, high school had 28.13%, diploma and certificate at20.83%, post graduate at 11.46% and doctorate at 3.13%.

Itcan be observed that immigrants who held bachelor degree were themajority, followed by high school, diploma and certificate, postgraduate and doctorate at lowest percentage. This implies thatimmigrants have the skills and knowledge. This directly links to thehigher number of youths going to Australia and the guest for betterfuture in previous analyses.

The Australian governmentshould realize the potential of the immigrants and make the best useof it, both for the benefit of the nation and individual development.

Whatare the major factors affecting Australia?

Table 8 and Figure 8 show themajor factors affecting Australia, or rather, the general challengesbeing faced by the country. The response rate was 97%.

Table8: FactorsAffecting Australia

Fig8: FactorsAffecting Australia

Itcan be observed that that the country is mostly affected byunemployment at 42.27%, social phenomenon at 27.77%, andover-population at 18.56% and fake marriages at 7.22%.

Employmentopportunities are a major challenge to Australia. This implies thatincreased immigration heightens the level of unemployment in thecountry. Overpopulation and social phenomenon goes hand-in-hand andthey affect the country greatly. Though in low levels, fake marriagesaffect the country, especially because of immigration and differentbackgrounds between the citizens and the immigrants.

The government should createmore employment opportunities and regulate on immigration to avoidoverpopulation and crumbling on social amenities.

Conclusion

Fromthe current research, it is evident that the immigrant on inAustralia encompasses many issues as outlined in research questionone. Most of migrants believe that migration to Australia will grantthem an opportunity for better future, good living conditions or evenan opportunity to join with relatives and families (Hunter 2012, p.67). It was clear that the largest group of people are the youths,aged between 18 and 34 years, and the major reason for theirmigration is to study and secure employment opportunities asportrayed by research question three. It was, however, noted thatmany immigrants have low levels of income. This is most contributedby the language barrier when communication in employment fields andhealthcare institutions is hindered (Robinson 2010, p. 2451).

However,the research question two showed that government is trying to handleissues related with immigration by setting up offices in almost everycity to ensure easy access by immigrants. The research question fourshowed that the major advantage of immigration is the new experience,learning new language and empowerment of people, both academicallyand business wise. The major drawback is increased population levels,low unemployment and racial discrimination.

However, it is recommendedthat government should put appropriate measures into place to helpsolve the issues facing immigrants through formulation of policiesand regulations.

ReferenceList

Hunter,N. (2012). Immigration.Chicago, IL: Heinemann Library, 2012.

Kabir,N. (2006). Muslims in a ‘White Australia’: Colour or Religion?Immigrants &ampMinorities 24 (2),pp. 193-223.

McCarthy,A. (2011). Ireland`s New Worlds: Immigrants, Politics, and Society inthe United States and Australia, 1815–1922.&quot Immigrants&amp Minorities29(1), pp. 134-36.

Poot,J. (2008). Demographic Change and Regional Competitiveness: TheEffects of Immigration and Ageing. InternationalJournal of Foresight and Innovation Policy4 (1/2), pp. 129.

Robinson,D. (2010). The Neighbourhood Effects of New Immigration. Environmentand Planning A 42(10), pp. 2451-466.

Stevens,R. (2013). After the ‘Great White Walls’ Came Down. Debating theEthnicity of Immigrants in Australia and the USA, 1980–1990.&quotImmigrants &ampMinorities, pp.1-31.

Zubrzycki,J. (1960). . Immigrantsin Australia a Demographic Survey Based upon the 1954 Census.Parkville: Melbourne UP on Behalf of the Australian National Union.

AppendixAppendixASampleFilled Questionnaire

Questionnaire

I am Peem Thaugsuban from RMITUniversity. I am currently studying in Foundation Course. I amundertaking a research on issues facing immigrants in Australia. Thisrequires that I conduct an interview to get the information regardingthe issues surrounding immigration. Your contribution is of paramountimportance and will enable me complete my course. You are notrequired to give your name or reveal your identity whatsoever. Eachquestion requires you to give a brief explanation or select theappropriate answer by checking the boxes provided. The questionnairecomprises of 12 questions and your response will be highly esteemed.

  1. When did you migrate to Australia?

Ifirst arrived in Australia during about 2002

  1. Why did you decide to migrate to Australia?

Themain reason that I moved to Australia because of the education is alot better than the country that I was born. I was thinking that Iwould have a more opportunity to get a high certificate to grantee inmy study which will have me to improve my future live.

  1. What are some of the requirements for you to become an Australian resident?

During the time when I wasapplying to become a Australian resident the requirements that I needto achieves were

– Relative

– Sponsorship

– FamilySupport

  1. Have your major reasons for migrating to Australia been fulfilled?

YES

IfNOplease explain……………………………………………………………

  1. What are some of the benefits do the Australians enjoy which the immigrants don’t?

Beneficent of governmentsupports such as Education fee loan, center link support, newbornchild, pension support

  1. Do you face challenges by the virtue that you are not an Australian resident?

NO

IfYESplease explain…………………………………………………………

  1. How can you rate the response of Australian government towards handling the issues facing the immigrants in the country

Good

  1. Which are some of the actions taken by the Australian government in their response to issues facing the immigrants?

Australian government islooking after these who immigrated by teaching free English lessons,home, and opportunity to work.

  1. What are the major advantages of immigration?

Giving people who come fromundeveloped countries to become a better life.

  1. What are some of the drawbacks of being an immigrant?

The difficulties are the newstyle of living, languages and discrimination.

  1. What do you think is missing in the way immigration is being handled in Australia?

Sometimeit is too easy to become an Australian citizen by applying fromAustralian’s skill lacking and high education.

  1. Kindly give the recommendations on what you think might be a remedy for the issues facing immigration is Australia.

Theyshould have evaluated the person who applies to immigrant restrict.

-THANKYOU FOR YOUR RESPONSE-

AppendixBSurveyMonkeyPartB: Personal ReflectionSelf-EvaluationResearchskills/Procedure

Mytopic was on issues affecting immigrants in Australia. I neverchanges the topic since I believed it was necessary both to me and tomy fellow students, and the information gotten would not only beeffective in my studies but also to the immigration department inAustralia. Thanks to my fellow group members who have been a greatencouragement on how to go about the research and do the analyses.First I clearly evaluated my research questions. At first it was noteasy and involved a lot of review until I came up with the fourresearch questions. I needed to make these changes to ensure thatthey are as per with the objectives of the research and could help mein designing the questionnaires.

Secondarydata collection method, the data was gathered from relevantliterature previously reviewed by peers and other academic resourcesscholarly and academic journals, magazines and newspapers. Thescholarly journals were especially most useful since they contained data that was used as benchmark since it had already beenauthentically and accurately validated, and facilitated thedetermination of the research questionnaire and ensured review ofrelevant literature in the collection of primary data. RMIT LibraryFoundations Guide and Google Scholar provided excellent avenues toacquiring these materials. I tried other new research methods likereview through the web articles, and this was especially important isgiving some basic guidelines on how to conduct a research

2. Oral communicationskills

The most important area ofpresentation I need to improve is proper planning of the work andreduce the wordiness. I learnt that people understand graphics andtables easier than when too many words are used. This helped meespecially during my presentation by reducing the number of slidesand making the presentation more presentable. The teacher andaudience have advised on the same and I believe, though not perfect,am making some considerable improvements.

3. Organisational skills

The most crucial deadline thatwas very hard to meet was conducting the research through the surveymonkey. This is because it involved modifying and remodifying thequestions once and again. Also, the analysis of the data was verytime consuming as well interpreting the results. However, Isuccessfully met the deadline after proper organization and timemanagement.

This is not the first timethat I am writing the reference list, though each time is a newexperience. I appreciate the fact that despite of all the challenges,all was a success.

Summary

Australia is among theclassical continents of immigration. The earliest settlers remainedas convicts, colonial administrators and soldiers. Immigrationprogram was introduced in Australia with the aim of improving theeconomy of the country as well as benefit from the skills fromimmigrants, especially after World War II. Immigrants came fromNorthern and Eastern Europe, then Southern Europe during 1950s and1960s. The recession in 1970s encouraged new immigration currentsfrom Middle East, Asia, New Zealand and Latin America. This resultedto overall policy planned for permanent immigration whose control wasfacilitated by the isolated geographic position of Australia

Migration involves unforeseenconsequences after ethnic composition of migrants has changed overtime in the way it used to be desired or predicted by architects ofmigration program. Australia has been a popular destination forseveral people who were willing to start new life in Australia.

It was evident that mostpeople go Australia to get good life. From the research it wasevident than most people who move to Australia believe that livingconditions are better in Australia than in their countries. Other gothere to meet with their family members, while still others migratefor the sake of education. In a broader perspective, the highestpercentage go to Australia to study. Other go there to work, whileothers work and study at the same time. This is an implication thatthe major goal of the immigrants is better life, especially by beingempowered academically, as well as getting good jobs. It was alsoevident that the immigrant population is mostly composed of youngpeople between the ages of 18 and 34.

The research showed that someof the major challenges affecting immigrants is language barrier andhigh cost of living. The national language is English, and lack ofits knowledge means that getting appropriate jobs may be a challenge,as well as accessing other services. However, the government has beenin the forefront towards handling the issues affecting immigrantslike setting up immigration offices in almost every city.

Therefore, it is recommendedthat the government formulate regulations and policies to avoidoverpopulation in Australia, as well as ensure that the issuesaffecting immigrants are handled with urgency and in an appropriatemanner.