Expressed by the Quran, Islam is an Abrahamic and monotheisticreligion with a considerable number of adherents across the world.Muslims believe in the existence of one and unrivaled God and thattheir purpose in the world is to worship Allah (Dahlman, Renwick, &Bergman, 2011). In addition, they believe that the Islamic religionis the whole and worldwide version of primeval faith revealed throughprophets such as Jesus, Abraham, and Moses. The term Islam turns tomean submission or surrender and has a rich tradition that dates backto the Seventh Century C.E. Islam bases its teaching on the Quran, abook that Muslims consider as the precise word of God. In addition,Muslims follow the wisdoms and normative examples of Muhammad(considered as the last prophet of God) closely. In this regards, thediscussion looks the Islamic religion from a geopolitical andcivilization view as well as offer explanations on some attributes ofIslam
Islam grounds on the teachings of the Quran and Muhammad where itsfollowers express a unified call to submit themselves completely tothe spirit of their only God, Allah. People refer to thefollowers of Islam as Muslims and Muslims believe in Allah asthe originator of the universe as well as its only sustainer. TheQuran, a holy text offered to the Muslims by Allah through His Holyprophet Muhammad to whom God revealed these teachings. Today, Muslimsentail two denominations i.e. Shia, which comprises about 10% to 20%and Sunni comprising from 75% to 90%. In addition, Islam is thesecond leading religion in the world after Christianity with majorityof Muslims in South Asia (25%), Middle East (20%), and Sub-SaharanAfrica (15%) with substantial minorities in Americas, China, Europe,and Russia. Indonesia is the largest Muslim prevalent country in theworld with 13% of all Muslims Indonesians.
Islam has its origin in the Arabian Peninsula and from this locationextended quickly into other regions of the world ((Dahlman et al.,2011). In fact, non-Muslims regard Mecca as the birthplace of Islam,but Muslims believe the religion has been around since the time ofAdam. Today, Muslims consider Mecca as the most holy city in theirfaith since Muhammad started his teachings in Mecca. In addition,Kaba, the birthplace of Abraham is in Mecca thus, its significancesince Muslims consider Abraham (Muslims believe that Abraham erecteda mosque in worship to Allah) as the founding father of all Muslims.Other blessed places of Islam include Medina and Jerusalem. FivePillars of the Muslim faith, religious practices such as least oncein a lifetime pilgrimage to Mecca denoted as Hajj, fasting,ritualized prayers, a ritualized admission to the Islamic faith andcharity.
After the demise of Prophet Muhammad, Muslims established caliphates,political-religious state governing domains in which Muslimscommunities largely resided to recognize the governing of anautonomous and strong Muslim state in harmony with the rules ofIslam. In this regards, Muslims pursue to accomplish a state ofIslam, which in spirit describes how a Muslim in his/her specificcapability seeks to follow the core values of Islam thus, a state ofIslam is a state of spirituality. In contrast, Islamists pursue anIslamic state, which is what describes a political entity. Islam hasgone through various periods such as Golden Age, Fatimid Empire,Mughal Empire, and the Modern history among others. Currently, Islamhas a presence across the world, but with majority of Muslims in theArabian nations due to the establishment of a political state basedon religion.
Dahlman, C. T., Renwick, W. H., & Bergman, E. F.(2011). Introduction to Geography: People, Places &Environment. Prentice Hall.