Match the term on the left withthe appropriate definition on the right. Use each answer only once.

Conglomerate _Sandstone__
Shale_ Limestone _

a. Mud-sized grains.

b. Sand-sized grains.Sandstone

c. Rounded gravel-sized grains.Conglomerate

d. Angular gravel-sized grains.Breccia

e. Chemical sedimentary rock.Limestone

Rhyolite _ Basalt _Gabbro _ Diorite _ Granite _

a. Aphanitic texture and maficcomposition.

b. Phaneritic texture and maficcomposition.

c. Phaneritic texture and felsiccomposition. Granite

d. Phaneritic texture andintermediate composition. Diorite

e. Aphanitic texture and felsiccomposition.Rhyolite

Spit _
Seastack _ Wave-cut cliff _ Sea cave _

a. This appears where a rockyshore erodes at approximately the same rate. Wave-cut cliff

b. This may appear where wavesare attacking a weak portion of a cliff.Sea cave

c. An elongated ridge of sandextending from land into the mouth of a bay. Spit

d. Sand connecting an island to amainland. Tombolo

e. Forms where a sea archcollapses. Sea stack

Choose the correct answer for thequestions below. Choose only one answer per question. (4 points each)

  1. Cinder cones are a result of:

Strombolian eruptions

  1. Cinder cones are made up from lava that was:

Cold and mafic

  1. Which volcano type from the choices below can experience a Plinean eruption?

Stratovolcano/Composite Cone

  1. When hiking up most stratovolcanoes, which rock composition(s) will you see from its base to its summit?

Intermediate from bottom to top

  1. The slow cooling of magma results in the formation of __ crystals.


  1. Which volcano type can have mafic lava as part of its composition?

Shield volcanoes

  1. Shield volcanoes are:

The largest volcanoes on theplanet.

  1. Cinder cones have steep sides because?

Of the high viscosity of thelava

  1. Which process ultimately makes soil?

Mechanical weathering

  1. The incorporation and transportation of material by water, wind, or ice describes the process of:


  1. What is the name of the process that turns sand into a sedimentary rock:


  1. What is the name of the process that turns mud into a sedimentary rock:


  1. At the bend in a stream, the main erosion is .

On the outside of the bend.

  1. The headwaters of a stream are always located at:

The streams source

18. Near the mouth of the stream,the flow is:


19. Which of the following istrue about streams:

Streams will eventually erode aregion to flatness discharge increases withina stream, so does the:

All of the above

21. The velocity of a stream___ as you move downstream.


22. The discharge of a stream___ as you move downstream.


23. The hydrologic cycle isdriven primarily by solar energy.


24. Transported material within astream is called


25. Ions in solution beingtransported by a stream is called:

Dissolved load

26. Spits form off of a headlanddue to:

Decreased energy along the longshore current and deposition of sand.

27. What is the most commonsource of sand along our California beaches?

Sierra-Nevada Mountains via

28. Construction of dams upstreammay lead to:

Wider beaches

29. Man-made levees are thereason that New Orleans sits below sea level today?


30. New Orleans flooded duringHurricane Katrina due to levee failure.


31. The movement of water withinthe surf zone that parallels the shore is called ___.

Long shore current

32. Normal faults exhibit___ stress.


33. A ___ faultexpresses displacement in the horizontal direction.


34. Normal and reverse faults___.

Have mainly vertical movement.

  1. If we see a layer of sedimentary rock that has a fault cutting through it followed by an igneous intrusion (dike) cutting into both the sedimentary layer and the fault, we can use the principle of cross-cutting to infer:

The sedimentary bed formedfirst, then the fault, then the dike.

  1. A contact between parallel sedimentary rock layers that record missing geologic time is:

An angular unconformity

  1. The only required agent of metamorphism that needs to be present is:


38. Contact metamorphism resultswhen:

Magma comes in contact withother rocks.


C,Lyell (1833) Principles of Geology: Project Gutenberg.