Afteran individual breaks established law codes, law enforcers may arrestthe suspects and put them behind bars. According to chapter five,jails might be unnecessary since arrested individuals can pay a bondto assure law enforcers that they are harmless to the society. Inaddition, the probation is another common way that people who eitherhave committed misdemeanors or have served a substantial part oftheir jail term and showed drastic improvement of their behaviors canstay out of jail. Inmates are released on condition that they willmaintain good conduct. The release conditions act as incentives forencouraging prisoners to behave appropriately. In chapter five, theauthor argues that a presidential parole can help to keep suspectsout of jail. Occasionally, the president may pardons petty offendersas a way of reducing overcrowding in prisons (Schmalleger &Smykla, 2015).
Onthe contrary, chapter six differs from chapter five in that itemphasizes the significance of jails in societies. The author notesthat jails are essential in the criminal justice systems because theyhold inmates prior to presentation in a court of law. Once a suspecthas been arrested, the law enforcers are supposed to presentdefendants in a court of law for judgment hence, jails are necessaryfor keeping persons awaiting presentation to a court of law. Thechapter also notes that some people are illegible for paroles andbonds as they might cause further harm to the society. Furthermore,the author emphasizes that some humans require some form ofintimidation in order to remain compliant with rules and regulations.Jails are suitable for ensuring that individuals respect the state ofthe law. Lastly, the chapter claims that jails are important becausethey offer a convenient place for keeping inmates separate. Prisonersmay require separation in order to avoid unnecessary conflicts andrivalry (Schmalleger & Smykla, 2015)
Schmalleger,F., & Smykla, J. O. (2015). Corrections in the 21st century (7thed.). New York,NY: McGraw-Hill Education