How a therapist addresses transference/ counter-transference and G two examples of defense mechanisms

Howa therapist addresses transference/ counter-transference and G twoexamples of defense mechanisms

Transferenceis the process in which the unconscious feelings of the patientbecome real and are projected to the analysts. Transferences involvethe inappropriateness relations to the analyst carrying deep feelingsof reality. Counter transference is the reaction that developsbetween a client under gong psychoanalytic therapy and the therapist.The feelings of the patient towards the analysts affect him or her.The analyst develops an unconscious emotional reaction to thepatience transference of the feelings to the analyst. If the analystcannot let go of the patient, both of them risk falling in the darkhole of emotional hole of unconscious. For example, if the analystsdevelop erotic feelings toward a patient, the judgments of theanalysts remain clouded and his objectivity becomes affected (Howes,2012).

Toeffectively handle tans reference and counter-transference, it isvery important to observer the boundaries with the client. Eventhough transference may be essential in informing the analyst, it isvery important that the analyst observe the therapeutic boundaries.The therapeutic relationship boundaries should not be crossed .On theother hand, in cases where therapist is feels he is sinking in theboat of counter transference the therapist has the option ofreferring the client basing on the fact that once the therapeuticrelationship is broken, then there is no therapy.

Defensemechanisms are coping techniques that reduce anxieties arising fromharmful impulses and stimulus. Defense mechanism may result inhealthy or unhealthy consequences depend on the circumstances andfrequency within which the mechanisms are used. Denial is one of thedefense mechanism. It is the refusal to accept the reality and actingas if the feeling does not exist. Many people use denial in dealingwith painful facts. Projection on the other hand is misattribution ofpersons undesired feelings to another person regression is usedmostly when the feelings when the feelings are consideredunacceptable for the person to express (Grohol,2013).


Howes,R. (2012). ClientsGuide to Transference.Retrieved on 13 January 2015fromhtp://

Grohol,J. (2013). 15common defense mechanism.Retrieved on 13 January 2015from: