Greek Archeology



SectionIV A

Thenature of our evidence for the private lives of Greeks is depicted inhousehold space in the fourth and fifth century and itsinterrelationships to gender ideologies. Athenian houses wereconsidered women quarters, functionally related with weaving andcooking. The house comprised of some private sections of the housewhere some outsiders were not allowed to move in. Greek classicalhouses had various rooms around a courtyard one would first passthrough the street using a narrow door (Holum,1992, p.381).Public places were considered male space, while other rooms of thehouse was a proper area for women, but a non-male and male, and spacecould be said as having different amounts of maleness. There is noreason that explains why women only used some parts of the house. Thematerials that have been used in the past to study this subject areearly archaic houses and Athenian houses.

Theevidence has not yielded conclusive results with regard to the livesof those who do not take part in public activities on a regularbasis. This is because symbolism of domestic space was an importantaspect of gender ideology in Classical Athens. A house is consideredan emotional repository. The design of modern houses has changed inthe late seventh and eighteenth century indicating hardening genderideologies. Prior to 750, it was not easy to find out howinterrelationships between gender and space are taken for granted byother authors. Several authors have different opinions with regard topublic and private places. According to Lisa Nevett, space was notcategorized into female and male, but it was divided into non-maleand male. Space was associated with having different amounts ofmaleness, relying on gender spectrum and not dividing it into twodifferent categories. Just like in several parts of the world, theissue of domestic space is a vital dimension of gender ideology inclassical Athens. A true man in Greek was one who ordered the privatespace of his oikos in appropriate measure.

Socialbiases have also affected the specific individuals because theybelieve that there should be some rules and regulations governingpublic and private places. Antiquity is very dominant in the dailylives of Greeks. This evidence exists in both official concerns andnormal citizens. Ancient characteristics in architectural decorationand arrangement are popular in shop fronts and in the design ofprivate residences (Morris,1999, p.305s).The truth is that these features take place not only in places withnoticeable commercial character like shops, but also in personalpremises like private houses. Some people have a feeling that theissue of gender ideology should be done away with.

Theavailability of written source has made the study of private livesand public spaces very easy. This is because if one wants tounderstand the past private lives, he can easily access the writtensource and get relevant information. Furthermore, it has also madesome individuals with gender ideologies. Yes, there are newtechniques or approaches that promise to provide new insights intothe lives of individuals in Greek antiquity (Morris,1999, p.308).We can anticipate the function of antiquities in the Modern Greekworld to change. The effect of multiculturalism has criticallyundermined classicism as a prominent ideology. The use of the pasthas been greatly studied and recognized as one of the probable waysof change.


Holum,K. (1992). Archaeological Evidence for the fall of ByzantineCaesarea. Bulletinof the American Schools of Oriental Research,(286), 73. Doi: 10.2307/1357119

Morris,I. (1999). Archaeology and Gender Ideologies in Early Archaic Greece.Transactionsof the American Philological Association (1974- ),129,305. Doi: 10.2307/284433