Globalizationand Diversity Impact on Healthcare Organizations (Leadership)
Globalizationand Diversity Impact on Healthcare Organizations (Leadership)
Goodleadership is required for the effective running of any organization.However, when it comes to health leadership one has to showexceptional expertise in order to assure delivery of service. This isdue to the critical nature of health with respect to the value oflife, which has a direct effect on the overall performance of anynation. Globalization should be embraced by health leaders because itcreates a platform for the exchange of diverse ideas and findingswhich promote global health. The advancement of science andtechnology also goes a long way in improving global health.Additionally, diversity in society is inevitable and this shouldtherefore be used to the advantage of health leaders to implementtransformational leadership with regard to cultural differences.
Thehealthcare sector is and will continue to be affected by theimplacable forces transforming the sector and the health care systemin countries and globally. The development and the advancement oftechnology have enabled health care practitioners and patientscommunicate on health care issues. This has made people more educatedor informed about disease prevention, wellness as well as aboutaffordable and quality treatments. The development of theunparalleledinterconnectedness within the healthcare sector across the world willinclude nurse and administrative leadership talents (Cross,1989).
Traditionally,health issues were dealt with at national levels but in recent timesthis has changed given the advent of health globalization. Modern dayhealth care, thus involves interactions by medical practitionersglobally, especially through the use of the internet. Mobility ofboth health practitioners and consumers has also increased, makingaccess to medical facilities easier and improving overall globalhealth. Health insurance companies have benefited as they are able tohave their policies effective internationally. Health globalizationhas also enhanced aid sharing. This is because powerful nations andhealth organizations are able to fund other nations, especially thethird world countries. For example, the World Health Organization(WHO) assists, third world nations by having a common pool of fundsand then distributing them appropriately. On the other hand, culturalstereotypes govern community practices and in the health sectorcreate major constraints for culture change.
Thisis in regard to the new ways of treatment and coping with disease.However, with time cultural changes occur though at a slow rate andcan be fastened by educating the masses so as to eradicate ignorance.In the health sector, for example, many societies opposed the use ofX-rays in tackling illnesses, but this has gradually changed and manyindividuals are now open to use of new technology in the treatment[ CITATION TCr89 l 1033 ].Thementioning of healthcare globalization brings along the increasedflow of services, expertise as well as information across borders.Additionally, globalization in the healthcare sector is also referredto as the use of new technologies such as the internet in providinghealth services to the remote areas and across national borders.
Communicablediseases are one of the major global health issues that are beingtackled by different organizations and include Ebola, Tuberculosis,Flu, HIVAIDS and other Sexually Transmitted Diseases. These diseasesare easily spread from one person to another either through contactor body fluids. Recently, the Ebola virus has taken thousands oflives and for the first time the virus crossed borders from Africawhere it originates. In addition the spread of the HIV virus hasstrained the WHO substantially because of the huge funds directed atfunding its control. The difficulty in curbing the spread of thesecommunicable diseases is a problem which can only be solved througheffective cooperation of all stakeholders. Secondly, maternal andchild health is another global issue which needs to be addressed,third world countries being the most affected. Access to maternalhealth is foreign in some remote areas and some communities advocatefor home delivery which increase the mortality rate. In countrieswhere there is war, poor living conditions promote spread ofinfections, which subsequently cause maternal deaths. Lack of propervaccination and midwifery and HIV also contribute to poor maternaland child health. Thirdly, the global health security is emphasizedto ensure that the world is safe from infectious diseases. Thisinitiative was necessitated by the emergence of new strains ofdisease which threatened to eradicate the human race. In depthresearch is undertaken to enhance global health security. The USAtogether with the WHO work hand in hand to ensure global healthsecurity, and this has seen the deployment of health practitionersfrom the USA to other countries in an effort to curb the spread ofdisease. [ CITATION Boa97 l 1033 ]
Transformationalleadership involves constant changes in the running of affairs of anorganization and in the health sector this style of leadership is keybecause of the critical and dynamic nature of matters health. Globalleadership involves leveraging of different ideas from differentstakeholders[ CITATION Sop12 l 1033 ].Therefore transformational leadership has to implement its agendasafter critical evaluation of the similarities and differences inglobal leadership and arriving at the best way in which to run theaffairs. Culture and diversity are major factors which derail changeand require medical practitioners to handle patients differently.Taboos regarding certain conditions are one of the major elements ofculture when it comes to health. For example, in some communities itis a taboo for a woman to be assisted by a man to deliver a baby andthis has led to cases of death[ CITATION Sop12 l 1033 ].Secondly, different perceptions to illnesses are another factor whichcontributes to diversity in handling health conditions. For instance,some communities believe in mystical powers, which can cause or healcertain illnesses, thus creating a constraint in achieving globalhealth. Thirdly, the scientific knowledge shared by literate societyis not common among the illiterate who find it difficult tounderstand the processes required in achieving global health. Indealing with all the three elements of culture and diversity, anyhealth organization should respect and value diversity and haveinstitutionalized cultural knowledge. This displays tolerance andalso shows sensitivity to all individuals and therefore should beimplemented [ CITATION TCr89 l 1033 ].
Ahealth leader has a major role in steering the direction of anyorganization to ensure that the overall goals and objectives areachieved given the critical nature of health matters. Any healthleader should have a background experience on matters regardinghealth. This guarantees effectiveness as the individual has an indepth understanding of general operations and hence knowledgemanagement. Technology has played a major role in improving healthcare and should therefore be adopted as a key tool in healthleadership as opposed to the use of power which may not be receivedwell hence may jeopardize health care. So as to implement change, ahealth leader should be a process oriented thinker [ CITATION TCr89 l 1033 ].Global healthcare is the common goal of any health organization andtherefore the consecutive processes involved in achieving this shouldbe taken into consideration and this will ultimately lead todesirable changes. Additionally, a health leader should haverelationship building skills so as to synchronize operations andbuild trust which guarantees smooth communication. Most importantly ahealth leader should be open to new findings. In the medical fieldresearch is being carried out throughout and the findings have agreat influence in modern healthcare hence contribute to the changesand amends in the health sector[ CITATION Sop12 l 1033 ].
Inconclusion, health, globalization should be advocated and this willensure greater achievements in securing global health positivemilestone. Advancement of technology has also established new ways inwhich to handle health matters and therefore new findings in themedical field should be embraced although their reliability should betested. Integrity of health practitioners will motivate the masses tojoin in fighting for global health and will ensure inclusivity ofindividuals from all walks of life. It’s clear that globalizationof the healthcare sector has brought along more benefits into thesector. It has provided opportunities for numerous organizations,both in the United States as well as globally to develop theirproducts and services as well as expand their customer networks.
Board on International Health, Institute of Medicine. (1997). Americas Vital Interest in Global
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Cross, T. (1989). Toward a Culturally Competent System of Care (Vol. I). Washington D.C.:
Harman, S. (2012). Global Health Governance. Routledge