GEOLOGY OF ITALY 2
Italyexhibitbeautywhosecharacteristiciscontrolledby its uniquegeology. Thecountrycoversan areaof 301,217 km2, which issubdividedinto twenty regions.Italy ispredominantly coveredby mountains,Apennines along thepeninsulaandthe Alps in thenorth.Partsof its landaround 68,000km2, a 21% are plainsforinstance,Tavoliere dellePuglie andPo Plain, which are 3500km2 and46000km2, respectively.Italy is 1330 km longfrom thenorthernpointof Vetta d’Italia to thesouthernpartof Lampedusa. In addition,thecountryhas 8600 km stretch of thecoastalregionandtwo mostcrucialislands,includingSardina andSicily that are 24000km2 and25400km2 respectively.There are othersmallerislands,which includeEolie, Egadi, Tremiti, Elba, andPantelleria among others.
Italyclimateis Mediterranean temperate in thesouthernregionandcontinental climate in thenorthernpart.TheAlps mountaincontainssmallglaciers,andthemountainbeltisdividedinto eastern,central,andthewestern.From a geological viewpoint,itis worthnotingthattheSouthern Alps coverthegreatestpartof thenorthernItaly. In theeasternandwesternregiontheSouthern Alps is denotedby Lombardy, Friuli, Veneto, Piemonte, andTrentino Alto Adige. However,W-Liguria andVal d’Aosta regionsare deemedpartof thewesternAlps. In addition,themainpartof Alpine Foreland is in theneighboringcountriessuchas German, Austria, Switzerland, andFrance.
Ontheotherhand,Apennines is subdividedinto four regions.ThecentralregioncontainsUmbria, Molise, Abruzzi, andLatium. ThesouthernApennines encompassesareas,which includeCalabria, Campania, Sicily, andBasilicata. On theeasternregionof the Apennines, there is Puglia region. Lastly,thenorthernregionextendsto areassuchas Emilia Romagna, Marche, E-Liguria, andTuscany. TheSicilian Mountains offerthelinkbetween theApennines andtheMaghrebidesof Tunisia. TheApennines Mountains foreland is in thePuglia, Adriatic Sea, Ionian seas, Po plainandsouthernSicily.