Healthcare ethics refers to moral beliefs, values and principles that guidemedical staff in making reasonable decisions regarding health careservice provision to patients. In the United States, the law obligeshealth care professionals to allow patients to practice autonomy.This implies that they should allow patients to make decisionsregarding their personal health status. Second, healthcare staffshould allow patients to make decisions that they feel would advancetheir own benefit. Third, they have a duty of nonmaleficence orrefraining from doing harm to patients. Finally, healthcareprofessionals should be just so that they can treat all situationsfairly and with equal seriousness (Panicola, 2007).
Inmy opinion, bioethics is a collection of moral values, principles,and beliefs that guide medical staff in making appropriate decisionswhen handling patients. The benefit of ethics is assisting medicalpersonnel to think in a uniform manner. Personal beliefs andpreferences vary substantially hence, the importance of establishinga code of ethics that would ensure people think and behave in asimilar perspective. If everyone were to exercise healthcare dutiesaccording to their beliefs, the approaches would differ because viewissues from varied perspectives. For example, if a person believesthe law should allow women to abort in given circumstances, somehealthcare professionals may choose to assist women to terminatepregnancies. Although such freedom favors the expectant woman, it isunfair to the unborn child as it denies the fetus an opportunity tolive to maturity (Panicola, 2007).
Inconclusion, health care ethics is a set of moral principles thatassist medical staff in making uniform decisions irrespective oftheir personal beliefs and preferences. The essence of medical ethicsis ensuring that medical staff make just, right, fair and rationaldecisions that one would choose in every situation.
Panicola,M. R. (2007). Anintroduction to health care ethics: Theological foundations,contemporary issues, and controversial cases.Winona, MN: Anselm Academic.