Ethical Issues Related to Conducting Research

EthicalIssues Related to Conducting Research

EthicalIssues Related to Conducting Research

Theobjective of this evaluation is analyzing ethical concerns associatedwith conducting on vulnerable population such as children. The essaywill be based on a case study of a researcher collecting informationfrom a fifteen-year-old girl who has been assaulted.

Whatethical principles were violated?

Oneof the moral principles violated included “Respect for the rightsand dignity of participants”. The nurse researcher had anobligation of seeking consent to interview the minor from her parentor guardian (Connolly, 2003). Instead, she approached the girldirectly and requested to talk her, yet a fifteen-year-old is a minorand incapable of making sound independent decisions. Second, theresearcher did not inform the minor that she could declineparticipating in the interview. This explains the reason she appearedreluctant, but could not object the offer (Smith, 2003).

Recognitionof participants’ time and efforts

Aresearcher should appreciate a patient’s time and effort forresponding to an interview. However, the researcher just left theminor after the meeting without informing her the way she intended touse the research or even the relevance of the study she justconducted. Furthermore, she took the patient’s blood sample withoutmaking any formal record of the procedure or even its significance(Sherlock &amp Thynne, 2010).

Theresearcher also failed to inform the respondent that she could chooseto either respond to an interview or decline either at her will,prior or during the interview. It is against the nursing ethics for aresearcher to fail providing respondents with complete informationregarding the significance of data or any other information theycollect (Munro et al., 2005).

Inthe agency where you work, what strategies could be used to preventbreaches of ethics such as the one described above?

Atthe agency where I work, we would have avoided violating the code ofethics above through seeking permission of the minor’s parentconcerning interviewing her. In case the guardian is not present, aresearcher is supposed to consult with a senior social worker in thehospital with detailed explanation regarding the significance of theinterview to the individual patient and the entire medicalfraternity. In case the researcher would need detailed assaultinformation, he or she might require seeking permission from theconcerned law enforcers (Eckstein &amp University of London, 2003).

Second,the researcher would be needed to guarantee the patientconfidentiality of the data and other private information they wouldacquire. Besides, they should inform the patients concerning theplace they intend to use the research (Sherlock &amp Thynne, 2010).

Finally,a researcher should dedicate some time to educating the staff andadministrators concerning the significance of innovation and evidencebased practice. Nurse leaders that emphasize on EBNP ensure thatpatients receive high quality services, which skilled persons in thefield have investigated and approved (Sherlock &amp Thynne, 2010).

References

Smith,D. (2003). Five principles for research ethics. AmericanPsychological Association,34(1). P.56.

Connolly,P. (2003), Ethical Principles for researching vulnerable groups.University of Ulster, web, retrieved on December 15, 2014 fromhttp://www.ed.ac.uk/polopoly_fs/1.71235!/fileManager/EthicsPr-Vulnerable.pdf

Sherlock,C. &amp Thynne, C. (2010), Research with Vulnerable Groups:Collaboration as an Ethical Response. Journalof Social Work Values and Ethics,7(10): 1-11.

Munro,E.R., Holmes, L. &amp Ward, H. (2005). Researching VulnerableGroups: Ethical Issues and the Effective Conduct of Research in LocalAuthorities. British Journal of Social Work, 35(7). Pp. 1023-1038.

Eckstein,S., &amp University of London. (2003). Manualfor research ethics committees.Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.