Enteral and parenteral nutrition support

ENTERAL AND PARENTERAL NUTRITION SUPPORT 3

Complication from enteral and parenteral nutrition support

Research has indicated that there has been controversy in theunderstanding of enteral nutrition and parenteral nutrition. Scholarsinsist that there are one and the same thing but they vary dependingon the level of the disease. Additionally, the difference may alsoemanate from the cause of the disease. This involves failure of thedigestive system organs in the body or diseases that decreaseappetite or cause difficulty in swallowing. Mostly, parenteral ispreferred over enteral (Charney, 2009).

The decision on what to feed and the quantity makes most peoplesuffer from complications in their digestive system. Mostly, peopleare not aware until the disease is in the advanced level and in suchsituations tube feeding also known as enteral is a vital requirementas the patient will feed using a tube. Tube feeding is efficientsince the complications attached to these methods can be avoided. Itis placed directly on the stomach or the nose of the patients with ashort time illness (Skipper, 2012).

Failure to eat or maintain body fluid needs an expensive method ofusing special procedures by doctors for digestion and absorption ofbody fat and nutrients into the veins. Catheters are used, which areplaced under the skin on the nostril or arm veins to pass liquidnutrients. Parenteral nutrition is dangerous and risky since thecatheter may block, break or cause infection while replacing, whichmay lead to a blood clot and other infectious diseases that may leadto death. Patients using parenteral nutrition are allowed to work butdepending on the cause of the disease and also under doctor`sinstructions (American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition,2011).

References

Skipper, A. (2012). Dietitian`s handbook of enteral and parenteralnutrition. Sudbury, MA: Jones &amp Bartlett Learning.

Charney, P., Malone, A., &amp American Dietetic Association. (2009).ADA pocket guide to parenteral nutrition. Chicago: AmericanDietetic Association.

American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. (2011). TheA.S.P.E.N. nutrition support practice manual. Silver Spring, Md:American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.