Electronic Readings Review Unit

Readings Review

ElectronicReadings Review


Esses,V. M., Dietz, J., Bennett-Abuayyash, C., &amp Joshi, C. (2007,Spring). Prejudice in the workplace: The role of bias againstvisible minorities in the devaluation of immigrants`

foreign-acquiredqualifications and credentials. CanadianIssues,114.

Canadais not a supportive destination for visible immigrants especiallythose from poor countries seeking job opportunities. The paperinsists this is true given that Canadian society has consistentlydevaluated foreign obtained education and in the processdiscriminated against immigrants in the workplaces and even inresource allocation. The current prejudice against visible immigrantswith foreign credentials portrays them as less qualified and lesscompetent in the workplace. The author’s views are supported by aresearch conducted in Canada in which black immigrants with Canadianqualifications were perceived better qualified than black immigrantswith foreign qualifications.

Thestudy touches on a new platform of discrimination that might havegone unnoticed for a long time. Credential assessment should not betied to ethnicity and nationality as the articles argues. Forinstance, it shows clearly that black immigrants with foreign degreesearn less than white immigrants with foreign degrees. However, I tendto disagree with the stance the author takes in failing toacknowledge the fact that different countries have different levelsof education the same way Canadian and American universities areranked. It is only proper to also compare earnings for Canadiangraduates from differently ranked Canadian universities.Additionally, I do not agree with the assumption that employers onlyconsider ethnicity and nationality of credentials in assessingemployee suitability without considering the need for culturalcompetence in fulfilling responsibilities in their target workplacepositions. For instance, I would hire a children’s story tellerfrom Canada to tell stories to children in light of the need forcultural competency.

Mackenzie,S. (2006). Systematic crimes of the powerful: Criminal aspects of theglobal

economy.SocialJustice,33(1), 162.

Acommon saying in global political debates is that developingcountries do not need aid but fair trade policies. This articlefurther supports this claim by indicating that systematicdiscrimination against the world’s poor countries perpetrated bythe rich is to blame for global power and resource imbalance. Thearticle blames this imbalance on G8, WTO, IMF, World Bank and IMFamong other trade and financial institutions.

Thearticle present some jaw dropping facts on the current status of theglobal economy. Poor countries and poor individuals suffer at thehands of the rich. This happens on two levels. On the global level,rich countries are taking advantage of the poor and at the nationallevel the leadership in poor countries is taking advantage of themajority poor with the help of these global bodies. For instance,dictators such as Mobutu of former Zaire and Suharto from Indonesiaborrowed billions of dollars which were siphoned to their privateaccounts but these countries’ poor taxpayers pay the loans over theyears. The article does well in documenting the ills of these globalbodies and their causation of global poverty. It falls short in justsaying that perhaps the world would be a better place without IMF,World Bank and other such bodies.

Paetkau,T. M. (2009, Summer). When does a foreign law compel a U. S. employerto

discriminateagainst U. S. expatriates?: A modest proposal for reform. LaborLaw Journal,60(2), 92.

Thisarticle questions the role of ‘foreign compulsion defense’concept in promoting discrimination by employers in the US. Thearticle notes that American employers have who have employedAmericans have difficulties in implementing the provisions Title VIIof the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Americans With Disabilities Act(ADA) of 1991, and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) of1984 in foreign countries. This has resulted in numerous courtbattles. To address this issue, the article proposes furtheramendment to the three American laws to allow employers to seekintervention of the state in resolving conflict between American andforeign employment laws.

Thearticle cites numerous court cases prompted by conflict betweenAmerican and foreign employment laws. I feel that using such manyexamples highlights the gravity of the many and does very well inexplaining different scenarios in which legal conflict may occur. Thearticle also explains the foreign compulsion defense concept verywell in layman’s language. Though the many examples fosterunderstanding, the legal jargon included and the complex citation ofcourt cases may be confusing to some readers. Authors should alwaysconsider the language competence of their readers and ensure thatlanguage will not be a communication barrier in terms ofmisunderstanding or misinterpreting the language. Additionally, suchlanguage may be a put-off for the unaccustomed.

Wong,L. (2008). Multiculturalism and ethnic pluralism in sociology: Ananalysis of the

fragmentationposition discourse. CanadianEthnic Studies,40(1), 11.

Multiculturalismhas been accused of fragmenting society in light of recent terroristactivities around the world. However, the concept has been criticizedand applauded in equal measure with some proposing an alternativeconcept called post-multiculturalism. The article notes thatcountries that have adapted multiculturalism as a concept such asBritain and Canada have experienced ethnic segregation and othernegative social impacts. Most evident is through terror activitieswhich the author presents as one way of one social group hitting backat society for apparent mistreatment.

Thisarticle on multiculturalism is very timely. It comes at a time ofincreased globalization, immigration and terrorism. The article showsthat multiculturalism which is being currently linked to terrorismhas been opposed o various grounds by socialists as far back as 1970.I think this approach would be very important in addressingterrorism, racism and xenophobia in a different approach ofmulticulturalism. The article compels me to think that society shouldbe made to celebrate similarities and suppress uniqueness such asculture and even language. I believe that multiculturalism just likeany other concept has its pros and cons. Alternative concepts willhave their pros and cons and other social ramifications.


Esses,V. M., Dietz, J., Bennett-Abuayyash, C., &amp Joshi, C. (2007,Spring). Prejudice in the

workplace:The role of bias against visible minorities in the devaluation ofimmigrants` foreign-acquired qualifications and credentials. CanadianIssues,114.