EDUCATIONAND TRAINING PROGRAMS IN AMERICAN PRISONS
EDUCATIONAND TRAINING PROGRAMS IN AMERICAN PRISONS
Prisonsserve the purpose of detaining suspects and keeping those foundguilty of crimes. The court convicts the offenders, and theconviction can be long- term or short-term. The prisons also serve asrehabilitation and incarceration of individuals convicted. Theprisons are often mandated to protect the public by providingdetention and rehabilitation of inmates through provision ofeducation programs, training programs and some treatment services.This paper seeks to evaluate education and training programs injails, prisons, and correctional institutions in the United States.
Theprisoner just like other citizens in the country are humans and havetheir rights as well. These programs are essential as they pose toimprove and empower prisoners by providing knowledge and skills thathelp in improving living standards of the inmates. The educationcurriculum and training also serve to improve the country’s economyas more convicts get empowered. A prison is an institution where thelaw breakers get confined as a form of punishment towards theimprovement of the economy. The programs also act to break theroutine whereby a person is arrested, imprisoned, and then later onreleased back to the society. There is a development of cooperationand partnership between the correctional system and the educationalinstitutions. Schools and colleges can liaise with the prisons inproviding education and provision of skills. Correctional educationand training of inmates minimizes the chance of an individual goingback to prison for committing a crime. As a result, an individual canlearn and get knowledge that is crucial for transforming andreforming one to be a responsible and law abiding citizen. Theseprograms have proven to reduce idleness among the detainees, and thishelps to cut off unruly behavior among the convicts and providesecurity and order in prisons. These programs and training havesupport from the federal government, which provides funding for them.Laws and acts are also laid down to support these services that areimportant to the country.
Inmost prisons the majority of inmates often lacks employment skills,primary education or knowledge and in some cases, they have mentalhealth problems such as psychosis. A tremendous majority of thoseimprisoned barely reached the ninth grade and were ignorant andilliterate. Most inmates imprisoned were unemployed and could havebeen the reason behind their crime. Some prisoners were found to havea history of drug and substance abuse. Ultimately, prisoners arereleased back into free society as the men. Due to this high numberof illiteracy and lack of employment skills, educational and trainingprograms helps in improving lives of the inmates. These people getassessed as to whether they have changed or whether they can go backto criminal behavior. Thus, in this case the prison is evaluated asto whether it has succeeded in rehabilitating and reforming anindividual. Given the amount of cost of imprisonment and its highesteconomic effect on the country, the rehabilitation programs likeeducation programs and training have been set to help with economicimprovement.
Thereare several types of programs in prisons in the United States ofAmerica. There are the Adult Continuing Classes. This kind of aneducational program has a particular time frame, this programinstilling knowledge of different subjects to the inmates. Theprisoner also gets to have knowledge of different languages, computerskills, and helpful in learning about job interviews. This program isvital because it reduces the chances of re-arrest and imprisonment.It also contributes to the employment of those from prisons. Thisprogram proves to be of tremendous importance to the inmates.
TheBureau Literacy program which is set to develop skills in reading andmathematics among the prisoners. It prepares the convict to get a GEDand be able to engage in writing expressions(Blackburn, Fowler, & Pollock, 2012, p. 191).The program is significant as the prisoners can increase theirearnings in employment, especially for the inmates who dropped out.
FederalPrison Industries Program is that type of program aims at crimereduction in the society by preparing the prisoners through jobtraining. Known as UNICOR, and it’s often the essential componentof prisons. FPI gives the inmates the skills needed for employmentupon being released. This program helps in recidivism and help dealwith the ever rising cost of imprisonment.
Thedrug abuse education program is designed to rehabilitate inmates witha history of drug addiction and substance use. The program gearstowards showing the detainees the consequences of drugs, and theprogram is available in most correctional facilities. This programhelps prisoners to know the demerits of using drugs and helps inreducing the chances of engaging in crime after release.
English-as-a-SecondLanguage program is mandated to improve English masterly in listeningand reading comprehension(A Directory of Bureau of Prisons` National Programs, 2014).It also ensures the utilization of resources such as a library andbooks. The program minimizes chances of recidivism according toresearch. The Occupational Education Program is crucial to theacquisition of marketable and admirable skills in various trades. Theparenting program provides counseling and information on the ways tobolster the relationship between the inmates and their children evenwhile in prison. The program can give information about prenatal carefor the mothers, and skills of maintaining healthy family relations.
TheBRAVE program is a program that takes about six months it is atreatment for young male offenders who are convicted for the firsttime serving a federal sentence. It lowers the rate of misconduct inprisons. The challenge program deals with the treatment of maleinmates in a penitentiary setting, it’s often available for high-level security institutions. There are several other programs andtrainings which help in the rehabilitation and reformation process.They include the RDAP program, NDA program, and Mental Health StepDown program.
Essentiallythese programs are of significance however, they are often verycostly to maintain and run. This costliness as a result of inadequatefunds, high prison population among other factors that affect thisprogram. As argued, these programs generate more capital andcontribute to the growth of GDP in the country. On the other hand,the funds are too little to cater for effectiveness of theseeducational programs and that more funding is often needed.
Inconclusion, the prison educational programs and trainings aresignificant to the growth of the country’s economy. These programsand practices empower inmates by providing the necessary skills andknowledge.
ADirectory of Bureau of Prisons` National Programs. (2014, May 21).(T. B. Prisons, Compiler) Retrieved January 3, 2015, fromhttp://www.bop.gov/inmates/custody_and_care/docs/BOPNationalProgramCatalog.pdf.
Blackburn,A. G., Fowler, S. K., & Pollock, J. M. (Eds.). (2012). PrisonsTODAY AND TOMORROW(3rd Ed.). Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Print.