Economics

ECONOMICS 5

InstitutionalAffiliations

Theoriesof Follett, Taylor, and Fayol

Duringthetimeof Taylor, theorganizationwerelargeandindustrialized. Thetechnicalandscientificmatterswerehighlyregardedas wellas carefulspecificationandmeasurementof resultsandactivities.Taylor developedthescientificmanagementtheorythat promotedthecarefulanalysisandspecificationof allorganizational tasks.Theinitiativeworkedwellfororganizationswith mechanisticandassemblylineswith routinized activities(Blake &amp Moseley, 2011). Taylor is thefounderof managementthought,which heanchoredon four principlesaimedat increasingefficiencyin theworkingplace(Kulesza, Weaver &amp College, 2011).

HenryFayol wasa miningengineerin French andan executivefora French Iron andCoal Company. Beingthedirectorof thecompany,Fayollaiddown Industrial managementprinciplesandclassifiedthefundamentalfunctionalareasthat arecommonlyusedin corporate andexecutivetraininganddevelopmentprograms(Spatig, 2009). Heidentifiedtheareas,includingorganizing,planning,coordinating,directing,andcontrolling.Theseprinciplesaccordingto Fayolwereinstrumentalforthepracticingmanagersbecausehehadappliedthem during manyyearsin his managerial position.In addition,Fayolfeltthatthegovernmentcould alsousetheseprinciplesin thesamewaytheywereusedin businessorganization(Pryor &amp Taneja, 2010). Theseprinciplesshould not be exhaustive rathertheyshould providethenecessaryplatformwherethemanagerial activitiesareanchored.In fact,Fayol’s approachfocuseson stability,order,fairness,andefficiency.On theotherhand,Fayol’sapproachexperiencesa challengeof knowinghowto adaptthoseprinciplesof managementto thenewsituations(Fayol &amp McLean, 2011).

Theworkof Follet contrastedwith scientificmanagementof Fredrick Taylor becauseshefocusedon humanrelations,which wasequalto operational ormechanicalemphasisonthemanagement(Simms, 2009). Follett feltthatmanagementandworkersshould interactwhiletheleaderis thepersonwhodiscoversandseesan individualas a wholeratherthan a particular(Pratt, 2011). In fact,Follett is thefounderof theconflictresolutionstrategiesafter shesuccessfullyintegratedtheconceptsof organizational conflictinto thetheoriesof management.In essence,sheusedtheconceptof “powerover” and“power-with” to differentiatebetween participative decisionsmakingto coercive power(Mendenhall &amp Marsh, 2010).

Inconclusion,thethree theoriesof management,includingscientificmanagementby Taylor, behavioral managementby Follett, andFayol’s principleof managementare allinstrumentalin thefunctionsandcontrolofthe organization.However,Follett theoryis morerelevantin themodernmanagementbecauseitbringstogetherandcreatesa seamless linkbetween themanagementandtheemployees.In fact,in thistheoryanyconflictthat may arisein theprocessof managementis solvedquicklybecausethesystemworksas a unitwith thesamegoals.

References

Blake,A. M., &amp Moseley, J. L. (2011). Frederick Winslow Taylor: Onehundred years of managerial insight.&nbspInternationalJournal of Management,&nbsp28(4),346-353. International Journal of Management.

Fayol,J. H., &amp McLean, J. (2011). Fayol – Standing the test oftime.&nbspManager,(SPR), 32-33.

Kulesza,M. G., Weaver, P. Q., &amp College, S. J. (2011). Frederick W.Taylorʼs Presence in 21st Century Management Accounting Systems andWork Process Theories &ampManagement,105-120

Mendenhall,M. E., &amp Marsh, W. J. (2010). Voices From the Past: Mary ParkerFollett and Joseph Smith on Collaborative Leadership.&nbspJournalof Management Inquiry.

Pratt,S. L. (2011). American Power: Mary Parker Follett and MichelFoucault. FoucaultStudies.

Pryor,M. G., &amp Taneja, S. (2010). Henri Fayol, practitioner andtheoretician – revered and reviled.&nbspJournalof Management History.

Simms,M. (2009). Insights from a management prophet: Mary parker follett onsocial entrepreneurship.&nbspBusinessand Society Review,&nbsp114(3),349-363.

Spatig,L. (2009). Rediscovering Fayol: Parallels to Behavioralist Managementand Transformational Leadership.&nbspProceedingsof the Northeast Business &amp Association,196-199.