Diabetes Epidemic in the African Americans Community

DiabetesEpidemic in the African Americans Community

DiabetesEpidemic in the African Americans Community

Iam a community-based health care nurse in an African Americancommunity. The main epidemic I have discovered is teen pregnancy,especially for girls aged between ten and seventeen years old. I workin a non-profit healthcare organization in the capacity of a publichealth nurse. I serve people from the poor to lower middle-classfamilies that cannot afford quality healthcare services offered inprivate and public hospitals (Alcena, 2013). During the one decade, Ihave been working with this organization, I have worked in a diverseenvironment and discovered that majority of diabetes patients areAfrican Americans. In fact, Chow et al. (2003) asserts that AfricanAmericans are 77% more vulnerable to suffering from diabetes comparedto non-Hispanic whites (Chow et al., 2013).

Everyday, I visit hundreds of African American patients at their homes,irrespective of their ages, to track their health progress, as wellas deliver medication for controlling the blood sugar. I blame thepublic healthcare sector for it has put little effort towardseducating the community on effective strategies for combating thedisease. Although genetics substantially increase vulnerability ofthe Black Americans to diabetes, unhealthy dieting and lifestyle arealso major causes of the condition. In addition, I am concerned withthe high dominance of diabetes among the black American communitybecause nobody appears to be taking appropriate steps for alleviatingthe problem (Alcena, 2013). Besides, the community seems unaware ofthe ramifications associated with unhealthy dieting, especiallygreasy and junk foods, and bad lifestyle practices such as smokingand lack of physical exercises. According to the American DiabetesAssociation, many African Americans are overweight hence, increasingtheir vulnerability to the disease (Chow et al., 2013).

Fromthe experts’ perspective, several reasons are attributable to thehigh diabetes existence rate in the African American community.First, black Americans genes are naturally susceptible to diabetes.Second, many of them are overweight, a problem that can aggravate theproblem. Third, unhealthy lifestyle such as lack of physicalexercises, substance abuse, and bad dieting enhance probability ofsuffering from the disease (Chow et al., 2013). Finally, many AfricanAmericans’ social, economic status is lower compared to thenon-Hispanic whites. This implies that they cannot afford to pay forquality health services available to the white society (Alcena,2013). As a community health nurse, I feel obliged to integratepublic and private organizations` resources in educating AfricanAmericans on efficient strategies for combating diabetes as well as,provide them with affordable diabetes medication for controlling thedisease.


ChowE.A., Foster H., Gonzalez V. &amp McIver L. (2012). The DisparateImpact of Diabetes on Racial/Ethnic Minority Populations. AmericanDiabetes Association,30 (3). 130-133. doi: 10.2337.

Alcena,V. (2013). AfricanAmericans and medical diseases: An American health care crisis thatis crying for help and actions.Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: RoseDog Books.


(Chowet al., 2013)