Comparison of Research Articles


Comparisonof Research Articles


Autismhas become an increasing problem in the United States. More boyscompared to girls are likely to have autism problems (Centers forDisease Control and Prevention, 2013). Research has indicated thatkids that have autism problems do not have the capacity to learnthrough observation. The topic I chose is autism the reason forchoosing this article is because of its importance in the learningbecause it has been indicated that it affects the learning in kids.Besides, the current increase in autism in the U.S. has led tochoosing the topic because it has been a topic of discussion in thenews. The aim of this assignment is to compare two research articlesthat have information concerning the issue of autism in America.

Oneof the studies that will be discussed in this assignment concerns thestudy carried out by Taylor et al, which indicated that there is anincreasing observational learning of kids having autism (Taylor etal, 2012). The significance of this study is to understand whetherkids having autism can have observational learning difficulties. Thiscan be important in the teaching profession, where a teacher dealswith learners having autism. The other study involves study conductedby Wang et al, which indicated that there is a prevalence ofgastrointestinal issues in kids having autism spectrum disordersfamilies that have multiple affected members (Wang et al, 2011). Thisstudy is significant in understanding the prevalence ofgastrointestinal problems in kids having autism spectrum disorder.The two studies had different sources of funding and monitoring ofsubjects for the Taylor et al study, the source of funding andmonitoring of the subjects was from the Alpine Learning Group. On theother hand, the source of funding and monitoring of the Wang et alstudy was from the Davis Medical Center.

Comparison of the Articles

Taylor et al Research Article

Wang et al Research Article


This article contains research carried out in an attempt to establish the relation between observational learning and autism. The research article indicates that problems in observational learning are common with children that have autism. Indeed, the research article indicates that there is an increase in observational learning in kids having autism (Taylor et al, 2012).

The content of this article entails presenting of a study carried out in order to establish whether there is a prevalence of gastrointestinal issues in kids having autism spectrum disorders. The study indicated that this is true for kids having the disorder, where these kids are from multiple affected family members.

Research Methods

The method involved giving participants two-step instructions matching words, imitating vocal responses, and labeling pictures of nouns. Multi-element design was considered in the study, where there was a compared acquisition of the sight works under two conditions model reading and monitoring of responses (Taylor et al, 2012).

In-home structured retrospective health history interviews were carried out by a pediatric neurologist. Individuals having ASD became grouped into 3 subgroups (Almost Autism, Spectrum, and Full Autism) depending on their Autism Diagnostic Observation Scale scores and Autism Diagnostic Interview (Wang et al, 2011).

Focus of the Study

This study focuses on the evaluation of the effects of monitoring responses on how children having autism can acquire the acquisition of sight words. This in relation to trying to identify the problem of observational learning with children having autism. Besides, the study focuses on the significance of identifying component responses of observational learning.

This study attempts to get an understanding whether kids having autism from multiple affected members are likely to have the prevalence of gastrointestinal problems (Wang et al, 2011). The study also focuses on the United States alone.

Target Audience and Subjects

This study targeted kids having autism in order to test their observational learning. The subjects involved in the study were three kids these kids were engaged in two-step instructions that tested their observational learning. The audience targeted by this study was the health professionals because they could use the study in trying to understand that kids having autism can have observational learning problems.

This study targeted parents as the subjects of the study in order to obtain data that could help in understanding the prevalence of gastrointestinal problems in kids that come from families that have members that have multiple infections. The subjects included in the study were 589 that fell into three of the autism groups. The target audience for the study was the health professionals because they could use the findings of the study in understanding that increased autism symptom severity can be associated with augmented odds of having gastrointestinal problems.

Possible Impacts on the Future of Health Care Delivery

The information from the study can be used in the provision of health care delivery, where providers can use the aspect of observational learning in making decisions that can help in the care of the autism patients.

The information obtained from this study can have an impact in the provision of education to the health practitioners. Besides, the information can be used in future research in adding more knowledge to practitioners concerning autism and prevalence of gastrointestinal problems.


Centersfor Disease Control and Prevention (2013).&nbspMentalhealth surveillance among children — United States 2005–2011.MMWR:1-35.

Taylor,A.B., Dequinzio, A.J. &amp Stine, J. (2012). IncreasingObservational Learning of Children with Autism: A PreliminaryAnalysis. Journalof Applied Behavior Analysis,Vol. 45 (4) Page 815-20.

Wang,L.W., Tancredi, D.J. &amp Thomas, D.W. (2011). Theprevalence of gastrointestinal problems in children across the UnitedStates with autism spectrum disorders from families with multipleaffected members. USNational Library of Medicine National Institute of Health,Vol. 32(5) page 350-60.