Community Oriented Policing and Problem Oriented Policing

COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING 4

CommunityOriented Policingand Problem Oriented Policing

InstitutionalAffiliations

CommunityOriented Policing (COP) and ProblemOriented Policing (POP)

Thepolicedepartmentsare under pressurefrom thesociety.Theyare expectedto produceresultsandmakethesocietya safeplace,freeof crime.Forthepolice officersto meetthosedemands,theyhaveto comeup with thestrategiesthat will shifttheir servicefrom inherentlypassiveandreactive modelto interventionist preventivemodel.In fact,COP andPOPare believedto be bestmodelsthat havebeendevelopedto respondto theemergingpressureto changeandimprovepolicing.

CommunityOriented Policing

COPis has gainedpopularityas thebestapproachandreplacedthetraditionalpolicing models.Thenewmodel(COP) has helpedin initiatingan actfortheViolent Crime Control andLaw Enforcement, an initiativethat sawmanypoliceofficersbeingdeployedon thestreets(Oliver, 2001). Thelawemphasizeson crimepreventionandserviceprovisionactivities.In addition,theCOP enhancescollaboration between thepoliceandcommunityto identifyandsolvetheproblem.Theapproachyieldsmorebenefitsbecausemembersof thecommunityare awareof crimeoffenders among them, andsince theyhaveconfidencein thepolice,theywill reporttheoffenders andconsequently thecrimewill reduce.

InCOP, there are instrumentalconceptsthat areintroduced,which werenot therein thetraditionalapproach.First,there is a shared responsibilityforboth theresidentsandthepolicein maintainingorder.Secondly,theorientationshiftsto theproblem-solving andprevention.In thisaspect,thepoliceofficersidentifytheunderlying conceptsthat leadto crimethustheyorganizewaysto alterthoseconditions.Lastly,thepoliceofficersare allowedto havediscretionwhenofferingservices.Thereasonablediscretionallowstheofficersto haveflexibilityin solvingproblemswithout followinga rigidsetof proceduresandrules.

ProblemOriented Policing

Inthismodel,thepoliceare concernedin theanalysisandidentificationof disordersandcrimeproblems.Then,theydevelopstrategiesthat are effectiveto respondto theidentifiedchallenges(Whisenand, 2011). In fact,theapproachenablesthepoliceofficerto be proactive in detectingandsolvingtheissuesthat will enhancecrimeanddisorderreductionfrom their roots.ThePOPapproachis one of thebestpolicing models.First,themodelcan identifytheproblemandincorporatethecommunityinputin theprocessof solvingit,a strategythat waslackingin traditionalpolicing. Secondly,theinformationcollectedis analyzedto identifythevictims,offenders, andthecrimelocation.Thirdly, themodelwill respondby implementingthestrategiesdevelopedin addressingchroniccharacter.Lastly,thePOPwill evaluatetheeffectiveness of thestrategiesby self-assessment to ascertaintheefficacyof theplan.In essence,POPhelpsthepoliceofficersto think“outside thebox”of enforcementtactic that wereusedin traditionalpolicing(Adams, Rohe, &amp Arcury, 2005). Indeed,theresourcesat their disposalare usedin supportingproblem-solving initiatives.

References

Adams,Richard E., William M. Rohe, and Thomas A. Arcury. (2005). “Awarenessof Community-Oriented Policing and Neighborhood Perceptions in FiveSmall to Midsize Cities.” Journalof Criminal Justice 33(1):43–54.

Oliver,W. M. (2001).&nbspCommunity-OrientedPolicing: A Systemic Approach to Policing, Second Edition.United States.

Whisenand,P. M.(2011).SupervisingPolice Personnel: The fifteen responsibilities(7thed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ:PearsonLearning.