Civil War


The South and North sections of America developed in different lines.The South progressed to be largely an agrarian financial system,whereas the North advanced in industrialization. Diverse socialcultures, as well as political ideals advanced. All of these resultedin disagreements on matters like slavery, economic, social andpolitical issues, taxes, states versus federal rights, and territoryexpansion and its inferences among other issues. It is at this pointin America’s history, when the numerous sectional crisis separatingthe South and North in the 1850s, that the civil war becameinevitable.

Following independence, the intricacy of the US society developed.The three aspects, which aided the intricacy was the change fromsmall-scale, mainly subsistence farming to large-scale farming, themovement of thousands of white US and black slaves, and therestoration of slavery as a possible economic structure. Together,the events set off a sharpening disagreement amid economic wants,social classes and areas, which were often noticeable in partypolitics. In the first half of the 19th era, economic disparitiesamid the areas of the South and North enhanced. As at 1830, cottonbecame the main plantation in the South, representing just above halfof America’s exports (Geyl 148). It progressed to grow and in 1836,it was almost two thirds of all American exports. The profitabilityobtained from cotton by the South enhanced their reliance on theplantation, as well as slavery. Slavery was imperative to the South,as they required workers to work in the cotton plantations.

The North was at the time strongly founded as an industrialcommunity. Labor was required, but not from slavery. Immigration wasimportant and acted as the source of labor for the North. Fivemillion individuals moved from Europe to America from 1790 to 1860(Geyl 147). Most of the immigrants were seeking economicopportunities in the North. The immigrants got employed in factories,as well as constructing railroads in the North. Due to the South’sresistance to industrialization, they manufactured little and had toimport products. Southerners were as a result objecting high taxes onimports. The manufacturing Northern economy, however insisted on theneed for high tariffs to safeguard their products from cheap overseascompetition. The concentration on cotton plantation in the South andfocus on industrialization in the North, highlight the economicdisparities amid both groups that progressed to escalate. Thedisparities could not be reconciled making the civil war inevitable.

In the 1850s, the steady shift in the balancing of politicalauthority towards the populated North, coupled with the developmentof the advent anti-slavery Republican group, created apprehensionamid slaveholders, as well as politicians from the South for theirposition in the Union and for the prospect of slavery. The South wasat peril as Republicans asserted the relevance of majority rule.Slaveholders saw this as a major peril to their lifestyle as theydepended on slaves to work in their plantations. The plantations weretheir sole source of living. The South was also apprehensive of therise of black and white abolitionists, fighting for the end ofslavery.

The Southern secession of 1860 in South Carolina was incapable ofcalming the apprehensions of the southern delegates. The conventionagreed on the dissolution of the state’s agreement with America.South Carolina had warned of this prior to 1830s, when Andrew Jacksonwas the sitting president. The disagreement derived from a tariff,which was more beneficial to North manufacturers and enhanced thecost of products for the South. Jackson intended to send an armycompelling the state to remain as members of the Union, a move thatwas authorized by Congress. However, during the period it wasimprobable for South Carolina to go to war alone. The state resortedto sending emissaries to different slaveholder states convincing themto join in ending their agreement with America and create an adventSouthern Confederacy.

Abraham Lincoln’s success in becoming America’s president in1860, on the policy that he would prevent the extending of slavery toUS territories, pushed the Southern states to separate from the Unionand create an advent confederacy for defending slavery. The SouthernConfederate progressed to shell Fort Sumter South Carolina, in 1861,prompting Lincoln to summon 75,000 volunteers from the Northern stateto suppress the South’s rebellion. Slave states, which had refusedto stop slavery, like Tennessee, Virginia, Arkansas and NorthCarolina, realized the inevitability of escaping war (Geyle 151).Forced to select sides, they supported the Confederacy instead of theUnion. The events made the rise of the civil war obvious.

In summary, the civil war in America became investable when theconflicts between the Northern and Southern states becomeirreconcilable. The fast development in the North meant that theyheld more power that is political. The states were also industriallydeveloped, unlike in the South, where they still depended on farming.The South as a result, needed slaves to work in their farms, whilethe North was determined on ending slavery. In addition, the Southwas apprehensive that leadership from the North would dominate on theentire country compelling them to depend on the North, in turn losetheir freedom.

Work Cited

Geyl, Pieter. The American and the Problem ofInevitability. The New England Quarterly, 24.2(1951):147-168.