Chinese History


Tostart with it is significant to note that Mao and Deng shareddifferent policies as well as ideas and this was attributed to thevery divergent personalities that they respectively possessed. Maocan be described as one of the Chinese leaders who was very radicaland subsequently ideological. Most of the time he encouraged classstruggle. This enabled him to promote a very significant scale ofreforms very swiftly and he was used to set up high targets somethingthat was never a complete success. It is also important to indicatethat some of his objectives and targets were irrational. Forinstance, in the era of the Great Leap Forward, there existed apropaganda slogan which stated that “Writing 60 scripts in onenight”. This types of radical thinking brought about consequenceslike the great destructions undertaken by the Red Guards in theCultural Revolution. Contrary to the approach used by Mao, Deng canbe discussed of as a leader who the Chinese perceived as prudent. Inhis targets and desires he talked of China as a nation that needed anapproximate of 100 years to attain socialist modernization.Subsequently, he can be considered among the practical Chineseleaders. Opposite to Mao, He never set up high targets and standardsthat were only achievable theoretically and not practically. Hisapproach involved carrying out of reforms in phases or rather step bystep. During the time when he came up with “reform and openness”policy, he never opened the entire China for foreign investment inonly a single phase. He carried out disintegration as he opened Chinapart by part. Subsequently, after the development of the coastalarea, he again attempted to enhance the economical capacity of theinland. The very divergent personalities of Deng and Mao in a way ledto the different policies during the different periods they ruledChina. Each of the leaders possessed unique capabilities, however itis important to agree that Mao was more ideological as opposed toDeng who can be said to have possessed a pragmatic quality. Inconclusion, both Mao and Deng either in a direct or indirect way madesome accomplishments and had achievements to China. However, it isevident that Deng was more successful in his approach to developingthe economy and generally modernizing China. In addition to that Dengwas able improve the level of educational in China Republic. He wasable to stabilize the relationship of China with that of othercountries, under his rule China had a healthy relationship withoversea nations. The country of of China was progressing and itscitizens enjoyed an improved standard of living.

Maoturns out to be a significant figure in the establishment of the PRCand through this he was able to influence the politics of China in agreat way. He succeeded in establishing a God-like figure in theheart of Chinese citizens and until now he is highly respected.However something that exhibits his great failure is the culturalrevolution and the Great Leap that was initiated by him as this wasa total failure. To say that it was a total failure is to imply thatthis specific approach negatively affected development activitieswithin Republic of China thus hindering it from catching up with theWestern countries and Europe in general. Comparatively, it is onlywise to state that Deng Xiaoping was a more successful and capableleader leader in China since it is easy to note that China isturning into a more capable, richer and stronger country. Deng wasthe one who paved the way for it. As much as Mao was that radical asstated, he only had more visions that even his countrymen deemed veryimpractical sometimes. Success cannot only be achieved through suchpolitical approaches as there is need to integrate the beliefs oneposses with approaches that are capable of attaining goals both inthe short run and in the long run.


ChineseCivilization, A sourcebook, edited by Patricia Buckley Ebey andCambridge Illustrated History, China (2nd Edition) by PatriciaBuckley Ebey