Chicano Studies


Thedevelopment of any republic is guided by a number of aspects, whichdetermine the growth of the republic and the pace with which it willgrow. The Mexican and the United States republics experiencedsignificant growth from 1810 to 1862, and this growth was sparked bya number of themes. These themes can be compared and contrasted todetermine the extent to which they influenced growth of the tworepublics. One of the themes that was dominant during the growth ofthe republics was slavery. In the period from 1810 to 1862, slavetrade was a common phenomenon both in the United States and Mexico.Both the republics used to engage in the buying and selling of slaveswho used to work in plantations. In both nations, the slaves soldwere mainly of the African descent, with most of them being boughtfrom West Africa. Slave trade helped to build the republics sinceslaves were an important source of labor for both Mexico and theUnited States (Kennedy et al 489).

Althoughthere are similarities between the slave trade in the United Statesand Mexico, there are differences that can be seen between these twonations. While the United States relied a lot on slaves as a sourceof cheap labor, there was minimal reliance on slaves in Mexico.Mexicans acknowledged the value of slave trade in economic growth oftheir nation, but at the same time, they did not over-rely on slavesto develop their republic. On the other hand, the United States usedslaves to do almost all jobs, especially those that required casualemployees. The American manpower mostly comprised of slaves theywere regarded as key players in the economic growth and developmentof the United States. Mexico, on the contrary advocated equality forall persons regardless of their racial affiliation. This is whyMexico passed laws in 1824 to allow for the emancipation of slaves(Kennedy et al 490).

Theother theme that contributed to the development of the American andMexican republics was the visual arts developed in the two nations.Art is a crucial aspect that determines the development that arepublic will experience. In both the American and Mexican Republics,artists were involved in making works of art, which attracted theattention of many people who visited exhibitions and museums. A majorsimilarity between the two republics in terms of visual arts is thatartists in both nations were inspired by colonialists. While theartworks of artists in the United States were inspired by BritishColonialists, the artworks of Mexican artists borrowed a lot fromSpanish colonialists. Moreover, the similarities stem from the factthat, in both countries, most works of art during this periodincluded paintings, drawings, and sculptures (Kennedy et al 492).

Thetheme of visual arts, was however, different in the development ofthe United States of America and Mexico. In the United States, therealistic styles employed by the European artists had a hugeinfluence on the American artists, especially those who worked inurban centers. In addition, the development of art in the Americancontext was based on a mixture of various art styles. On thecontrary, the Mexican visual art was mainly based on the traditions,as well as folk arts of this Republic. The styles used by theMexicans were borrowed from the Spanish colonizers and the indigenousMexicans.


Kennedy,David M, Lizabeth Cohen, and Mel Piehl. TheBrief American Pageant: A History of the Republic.Boston, MA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.