ARTICLE COMPARISON ESSAY 5
Ashas been acknowledged, the importance of health among youths andadolescents cannot be gainsaid as far as their overall wellbeing andthe wellbeing of the society at large is concerned. This isparticularly with regard to their mental health, which is distinctlyaffected by depression. Numerous techniques have been devised totackle this problem, with Cognitive-Behavioral Depression PreventionProgram and Interpersonal Psychotherapy-Adolescent Skills Trainingbeing two of the most explored.
However,it is noteworthy that the choice of the technique used in preventingdepression among teens much be based on knowledge pertaining to theemotional, cognitive and biological development. This is particularlyconsidering the distinctive nature of the emotional nature ofadolescents since it is at this time that they are undergoing theirmost expansive stage in almost every facet of their lives.
Cognitive-BehavioralDepression Prevention Program primarily involves short-termstructured, and present-oriented psychotherapy for depression, whichis directed to providing a solution to the current problems, as wellas altering the dysfunctional thinking tendencies. InterpersonalPsychotherapy-Adolescent Skills Training or IPT-AST, on the otherhand, underlines a group intervention founded on InterpersonalPsychotherapy for Depressed Adolescents (IPT-A). It draws itsrationale from positive IPT-A findings, as well as the research onprotective factors and risks for depression. The preventiveintervention would develop interpersonal skills that would addressproblematic relationships and replace them with positive ones,thereby decreasing the risk for depression (Young et al, 2010).
Oneof the key advantages of CB interventions is that there is asubstantial decrease in the symptoms of depression and an enhancedimprovement in the overall functioning of the adolescent as comparedto the overall SC adolescents after the interventions. In addition,once patients comprehend the most appropriate manner of rationallycounseling themselves as taught in this technique, they would beconfident in the long-term about doing well. On the same note, thisform of therapy lays emphasis on getting better instead of feelingbetter, in which case it corrects the problematic predisposingassumptions thereby creating long-term results (Stice et al, 2010b).Further, scholars have acknowledged that the structured form of thetherapy sessions would considerably lower the likelihood for sessionsevolving into chat sessions that would not accomplish muchtherapeutically. Indeed, it is noted that the group CB producesconsiderably higher reductions in the initial depressive symptomscompared to either CB bibliotherapy or supportive expressive sessionsboth in the course of and after the interventions (Stice et al,2010a).
However,the CB depression prevention programs have been found not to besignificantly different from those of others after the first 6months. Indeed, it is noted that while the CB group intervention mayproduce better results at the initial six months, other techniquessuch as CB bibliotherapy offer greater reductions in risk for theonset of depressive episodes in the future. In addition, it is notedthat CB prevention programs may be challenging to implement as aresult of the long durations pertaining to the interventions (Sticeet al, 2010a).
Inthe case of the IPT-AST, the technique has been found to be extremelyeffective in lowering the depression symptoms, as well as preventingthe onset of the same particularly in the short-term.
However,as was the case for the CB depression prevention, IPT-AST’s effectsstabilized after the 6thmonth unlike the case of other techniques such as SC, which continuedto demonstrate some improvements in the functioning and depressionsymptoms even after the 18thmonth (Young et al, 2010).
Stice,E., Rohde, P., Gau, J. M & Wade, E (2010). Efficacy Trial of aBrief Cognitive–Behavioral Depression Prevention Program forHigh-Risk Adolescents: Effects at 1- and 2-Year Follow-Up.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,Vol. 78, No 6., 856-867
Stice,E., Rohde, P., Seeley, J., & Gau, J. (2010). Testing mediation ofintervention effects in randomized trials: An evaluation of threedepression prevention programs. Journalof Consulting and Clinical Psychology,78, 273–280
Young,J.F., Mufson, L & Gallop, R (2010). Preventing Depression: ARandomized Trial of Interpersonal Psychotherapy-Adolescent SkillsTraining. Depressionand AnxietyVol. 27. 426-433