Theuse of robots in the contemporary human society has increasedtremendously. This has resulted in an immense controversy pertainingto their utilization and the effects that they have on the humansociety. Needless to say, robots have the capacity to execute tasksthat they are automated to accomplish without the supervision ofhuman beings, as well as provide feedback on the same. Their use hastraversed varied fields in the contemporary human society includingmanufacturing, the military, healthcare and even technology. A casein point is in healthcare where smedicine bottle can just open its lid to offer a precise dose andeven call the pharmacists automatically when the bottle is empty(Carla, 2013). However, questions have been asked regarding theutility of this technology in the future, as well as the effects thatit has on human lives. While there are differing opinions, robots areextremely crucial to the lives and development of the present daysociety.
Manystudies have been conducted to demonstrate the importance of robotsin our society.
First,robots enhance the accomplishment of various tasks that require ahigh degree of precision and repetition where human workers get boredof doing the same thing time and again. This saves people fromfatigue and enhances accuracy of the tasks performed, as well asenhancing increased accuracy. What is outstanding about robots is thefact that they can easily be used in tasks that dangerous and wherehuman worker can easily damage the product or be affected. Forinstance, in factory manufacturing, robots can be used to handlechemicals, foods and other tasks that a human being cannot handle, orwhen handled, high level of inaccuracies result. Nevertheless, manypeople are against robots as they argue that robots will displacethem, hence no pay. This implies that robotics is a science topicthat will be very crucial in future (Sharkey, 2008).
Inaddition, the instrumental nature of robots in human life isunderlined by their provision of high-level automation that allowsfor the performance of tasks ascribed to human beings and operatewith human intelligence. Robot does the tasks that can be performedby a human being. The arguments of functions of robots reveal twoopposing perspectives of having robots. However, for disabled,robotics is an excellent opportunity though other people may considerit ineffective due to breakdowns, high prices and displacement ofjobs (Turkle, 2013).
Inaddition, it is noted that robots have the capacity to function inhazardous or dangerous environments in which human beings may not becapable of functioning. There have been instances where robots havebeen used in undertaking tasks that would otherwise be dangerous tohuman beings. This is the case for repairs on geothermal plans,particularly in the case of piping that carries the highlypressurized water thousands of feet below the surface. In instanceswhere such pipes burst or where repairs have to be done in suchsituations, there is always an increased risk that there would be ahuman fatality. However, the use of robots has allowed for theaccomplishment of this task from a safe ground, where the robots aresimply automated and monitored from afar, thereby saving human lifeand enhancing production of geothermal electricity. This is also thecase in instances where bomb detonation squads are alerted regardingthe presence of such devices in a particular location. Instead ofrisking human life in trying to detonate grenades and bombs orgetting closer to the same, robots are used instead, thereby allowinghuman beings or experts to diffuse such weapons in a safe manner. Itis no wonder then that in varied wars in the contemporary humansociety, robots always go ahead of human armies as there is alwaysthe possibility of grenades buried in the ground, which would beactivated by the weight of individuals walking on them.
Further,it is noted that robotics will play a crucial role in medicalprocedures and operations. Indeed, the United States Roadmap forRobotics has underlined the fact that a number of fundamental societydrivers for improved personalization, access, quality andaffordability may be addressed using robotics technology. Scholarshave underlined the essential nature of persistent development anddeployment of robot systems in order to enhance the medicalprocedures, as well as lower the overall cost of care. There areaspertaining to medical robotics are therapy and rehabilitationsystems, diagnostic systems, and robot assisted surgery. Surgicalrobots enhance the accuracy pertaining to procedures, therebylowering the rates of complications in surgeries. Further, theyprovide considerable cost savings with regard to post andpre-operation care costs, as well as length of stay in medicalinstitutions. Given that robots function by the use of informationthat is fed in the systems, it goes without saying that the use ofrobotics would allow for increased utilization of information intherapy and diagnosis. Testament to the use of robots inrehabilitation is in the case of the disabled where some speciallydesigned robots can help persons with disabilities. For instance, itis easier to use a robot to help a person with fractured or very weaklegs to walk than for human beings. This means that people canpractice walking until they get back to normal, or get used to. Thisis an amazing benefit brought about by robots. This means thatdisabled people will not need maids to help them up since the robotscan help them (Sharkey, 2008).
Nevertheless,some people hold on to the argument that robots are extremelyexpensive and paying them is not affordable. On the same note, somepeople are opposed to them particularly considering the effect thatthey have on employment rates. It is noted that they perform tasksthat would otherwise have been performed by human beings, in whichcase they are a replacement to human beings. As much as thesearguments at pretty correct to some extent, it is also evident thatrobots come with crucial benefits that can never be ignored. Indeed,it is noteworthy that the increased productivity and efficiency wouldresult in the creation of more job opportunities for individualsparticularly in the fields of technology and innovation (Robbie,2013). Further, it is noted that there are tasks in which robots cannever replace human beings in which case the increase of unemploymentwould not have to arise. Further, it is noted that there is anincrease in the levels of production and development for robots inwhich case there is a high possibility that their price will befalling in the future.
Inconclusion, our future is bright. Therefore, development of roboticsis helpful in our society. In today`s world, businesses and peopleare chasing after profits. This does not imply that people will besedentary. Robotics is among the major discoveries in science that isbeing developed by the world, and it is anticipated that people willget immeasurable support from the development. People will not losejobs, but simply, robot will facilitate ease in performance of thetasks. The world is changing, and this requires people in the worldto have better technology to keep pace with the changing world.Therefore, robotics development is the way to go.
CarlaD. (2013). TalkingWalking Objects.Retrieved From:http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/27/opinion/sunday/our-talking-walking-objects.html?smid=tw-share
RobbieB. (2013). Aswiveling Proxy that Will Even Wear a Tutu.Retrieved From:http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/b/robbie_brown/index.html
Sharkey,N. (2008). The Ethical Frontiers of Robotics.Science32(2), 1800-801
Turkle,S. (2013). AloneTogether: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from EachOther.New York: Wiley.