ApplyingTheory to a Practice Problem: Part 2 (Nurse Staffing)
Sunday,January 25, 2015.
DanielKatz was born in New Jersey in 1903 in a small town called Trenton.He elevated to become one of the major American psychologists havingreceived his master in 1925 from the University of Buffalo and Ph.Dfrom Syracuse University in 1928. Over his tenure, he created adepartment for Psychology for Social Research which enabled him toculminate up the ladder of great minds in the field. He has been ableto obtain certain accolade like the American PsychologicalAssociation Gold Medal, Lewin Award for Psychological Study of SocialIssues and American Association for Public Research Award.
Anothercontributor to the Nursing service delivery theory is Robert Khan,who did an English degree and Masters, but later digressed to do aPh.D in Social Psychology in Michigan. He followed the path ofpsychology and was recognized for his significant contribution to theorganizational theory. The two theorists brought major shifts andrevolutions in the Nursing and Psychology field as they were able tooutline challenges and possible recommendations as to the issue ofnurse staffing.
Conceptsof the Theory
TheNursing Services Delivery Theory recommends that the factors ofinput, throughput and output associate in a dynamic manner such thatproduction of the nursing workgroups is influenced massively[ CITATION LLM10 l 1033 ]. Thetheory indicates that nursing care is delivered best through clustersof work groups as it transforms their energetic output intocommendable results. If an excellent organizational model is craftedand implemented effectively, the outcome will be visible through therecuperating and satisfied patients. Nurse staffing is affected byshortages of professionals in specified fields, policy enacted andmanagement of the nurses and working in subsystems solves these twoissues. The structure of the subsystems is such that they havedifferent disciplines represented hence efficient and effectiveoutput is generated.
Thetheory can be applicable in a situation where there is overcrowdingin the emergency department as the theory encourages subsystemstructures, and it will recommend for nursing practitionersemployment. They would monitor the performance of the patients, andthe result would be reduced numbers of patients to the emergencydepartment due to the practitioner’s clinical services and, as aresult, increased patient satisfaction.
Anotherexample is through joint replacement surgery where the creation ofworkgroups that applied teamwork resulted in better performance andclinical outcomes as they offered multi-disciplinary roles. Thepatient’s satisfaction was enhanced during their stay in thehospital as was served with uttermost professionalism in play andefficient nursing activities taking place. It clearly shows that thenursing service delivery can be improved through improvedorganizational structures.
Implicationsof the theory
Thetheory creates a guide for any research that can be undertakenregarding nursing management especially in the large healthcareinstitutions as it describes issues around nursing staffing, work andthe environment in which they work. The creation and establishment ofhealthy working environment and ensuring that the nursing team isplaced in efficient groups would induce their performance. It createsa learning platform as well as a platform in which the partners boosteach other’s morale.
Thenursing and health policy model is founded on four focus levels thatrevolve around administrative practices of world health, nursingservices, and healthcare system, as well as the nursing processes[ CITATION Mac06 l 1033 ].The theory mainly addresses the administrative practices for nursingservices as it enhances efficiency and effectiveness through thecreation of the subsystems.
Thetheorists indicate how creating energetic domains in nurses wouldboost their morale and reduce their workload by that increasing theirpotential and reducing their turnover. It would reduce nursecomplaints especially being overworked, and induce financial aspectof the health care facility. The subsystems enhance the input, andhence outcome of the health care services is improved.
L.L, M. R.-P. (2010). Nursing Services Delivery Theory: An Open System Approach. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 2828-2838.
MacPhee M, E. J. (2006). Nurse Staffing and Patient Safety. Canada.: Canadian Health Services Research Foundation.