Annotated Bibliography



Han,C., Lawlor, A., &amp Kimm, Y. (2010). Childhood obesity. Lancet,375, 1737-1748. DOI: 10.1016/ S0140-6736(10)60171-7

Theauthors of this article provide a discussion of how an increase inthe understanding of physiology and genetics of childhood obesity hascontributed towards the development of prevention strategies. Thearticle identifies that childhood obesity is more prevalent indeveloped countries than in the developing economies. For example,the author identifies that over 40 % of the children in America areobese, while only 22 % of children are obese in Southeast of Asia.The article also explains how prevention serves as the mostappropriate strategy for reversing the trend of continuous increasein the prevalence of childhood obesity it the world. Moreover, theauthors recommend non-pharmacological therapy as the first-linetreatment. However, surgical and pharmacological treatment can beused in cases of severe obesity or failure of non-pharmacologicaltherapy. The article is a useful source that provides a comprehensivediscussion of the issue of childhood obesity.

Thearticle was published in the Lancet, which the COPE guidelines beforepublishing any article submitted by authors (Elsevier Incorporation,2015). This implies that the article was peer reviewed by Lanceteditors to ensure that the ethics of authorship are followed, and thearticle meets the Lancet standards of quality.

Ochoa,C., Moreni-Aliaga, J., Martinez-Gonzale, A., Martinez, J. &ampMarti, A. (2007). Predictive factors of childhood obesity in aSpanish case-control study. Nutrition,23 (2007), 379-384. Doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2007.02.004

Asa case study of 185 obese children and adults from Navarra, Spain,the study identifies the key factors that predispose children tochildhood obesity. The authors explore a wide range of risk factorsfor childhood obesity, including physical activity, dietary pattern,breastfeeding, family history, birth weight, and sedentary behavior.These factors are grouped into two categories, including perinatallife factors and lifestyle influences. The article is enlighteningbecause it highlights some of the key factors that can prevent theoccurrence of childhood obesity, which include the leisure physicalactivity, avoiding sugar-sweetened beverages, and watching televisionat the expense of physical activities. Most importantly, the articleinforms that some factors (including birth weight, amount of timespent in sleep, and breastfeeding) that have always been suspected tocause childhood obesity does not play any significant role in itsdevelopment.

Theprocedure of submission and publication of the article indicates thatit was peer reviewed. For example, the article was received by theNutrition Journal on October 30 in the year 2006 and accepted onFebruary 14, 2007, which implies that the article was peer-reviewedbefore being approved and accepted.

Stewart,L. (2010). Childhood obesity. Medicine,39 (1), 42-44.

Thearticle provides a discussion of etiology, consequences, assessment,and management of child of childhood obesity. Stewart identifies thatchildhood obesity is complex and numerous factors that that involvesan interaction with an individual’s lifestyle and the environment.In essence, all predisposing factors of the childhood obesityinterfere with energy balance, which is associated with the presenceof calories that are not needed by the body. The major consequencesof childhood obesity are identified in the article and include therisk of contracting cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure,insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia among others. The authordescribes the most appropriate way of assessing obesity, whichinvolves the comparison of an individual’s weight and height on theBMI scale. In addition, the article recommends the solutions to thehealth issue of childhood obesity, which include treatment,regulation of energy intake, physical activities, and regularscreening. The article is informative because it discusses allaspects of childhood obesity starting from its causes, effects, andthe viable solution.

Thisarticle was published by Medicine, which is a journal that publishesarticles written by experts. The journal has an editorial board thatreview journals submitted by its authors. The editorial boardcomprises of experts, such as Allister Vale, who is a clinicalpharmacologist. Therefore, it is evident that the article is peerreviewed (Medicine, 2014).


ElsevierIncorporation (2015). For authors. Lancet.Retrieved January 17, 2015, from

Han,C., Lawlor, A., &amp Kimm, Y. (2010). Childhood obesity. Lancet,375, 1737-1748. DOI:10.1016/ S0140-


Medicine(2014). Editorial Board. ElsevierIncorporation.Retrieved January 17, 2015, from

Ochoa,C., Moreni-Aliaga, J., Martinez-Gonzale, A., Martinez, J. &ampMarti, A. (2007). Predictor factors for childhood obesity in aSpanish case-control study. Nutrition,23 (2007), 379-384. doi:10.1016/j.nut.2007.02.004

Stewart,L. (2010). Childhood obesity. Medicine,39 (1), 42-44.