ADMINISTRATIVE MANAGEMENT THEORY 4
Administrativemanagement theory makes an attempt to come up with a rationaltechnique for designing an organization in its entirety. Itunderlines the need for a formalized administrative structure,delegation of authority and power to administrators in line withtheir areas of responsibility, as well as clear division of labor. Inexplaining the administrative management theory, Fayol and Mintzbergcame up with explanations of the administrative management theory inorder, drawing different conclusions as a result of their varyingperspectives and experiences.
Inhis examination of administrative management, Fayol took a top-downmanagement approach through concentrating on managerial practicesthat enhance efficiency in organizations (Fells, 2000). He stressedthe crucial nature of planning and forecasting so as to trainmanagement, as well as enhance workplace productivity (Fells, 2000).Indeed, his 14 principles aimed at reducing misunderstandings andenhancing efficiency in organizations.
Onthe other hand, Henry Mintzberg identified six traits of a managerialjob, after which he identified ten distinctive roles pertaining tothe tasks. The roles were separated into three subcategoriesincluding decision-making, interpersonal contact and informationprocessing (Pearson & Parker, 2008). Both Fayol and Mintzbergacknowledge the capabilities of an individual influence the manner inwhich a particular role in implemented (Pearson & Parker, 2008).However, Mintzberg went ahead and stated that the organization wouldeventually determine the necessity for a particular role, therebyaddressing the belief that it would be predominantly the skill set ofa manager that would determine success. On the same note, the twoagree on the fact effective managers would come up with protocols foraction in line with their personal preferences and job description,and match them with the current situation (Sapru,2006).
Thetwo scholars’ perspectives have been incorporated in thecontemporary management theory and used in conjunction with eachother, which means that they are actually two sides of the same coin.However, I think Mintzberg offers a more valid explanation of theadministrative theory by underlining the fact that the efficiency ofan organization would be a function of the individual manager’sefforts and the organizational structures, unlike Fayol who simplyfocused on behavioral and human characteristics of managers (Sapru,2006).
Fells,M. J. (2000). Fayol stands the test of time. Journalof Management History,6(8), 345-360.
Pearson,G., & Parker, M. (2008). Management or organizing? A dialogue.Business& Society Review,113(1), 43-61.
Sapru,R. K. (2006). Administrativetheories and management thought.New Delhi: Prentice-Hall of India.