Adlerian Therapy

ADLERIAN THERAPY 5

AdlerianTherapy

AdlerianTherapy

Adleriantherapyis a psychodynamic fieldof therapy,namedafter its founder,Alfred Adler. Asa neo-Freudian, Adlerian therapyassumesthathumanbeingsare sociallymotivated,with their behavioursbeingpurposefulanddirectedtowards a specificgoal(Sharf,2012). Accordingto Adlerian theory,theinferiorityfeelingis theprimarymotivator forhumansto seeksuccessit recognisesinternalhumanfactorsthat motivatehumanbehaviourssuchas values,beliefs,perceptionto reality,as wellas personalgoals(Sharf,2012). ThisresearchexemplifiesAdlerian therapy,expoundingon its fundamentalgoal,explainingthevarioustechniquesusedby thetheoryto achieve the fundamental goal.

Adleriantherapyinvestigatesclient`slifestyles, which is imperativein identifyingmisperceptions andmisdirectedgoals.Thetherapythenre-educates theclienthopingtoincreasetheir senseof belongingas wellasincreasingtheir level of socialinterests(Goldenberg&amp Herbert, 2013). TheAdlerian therapychallengesharmfulperceptionsencourageself-awareness andencourageclientsto actappropriatelyto meetlifetasksandengagein socialactivities.Adlerian therapyseeksto comprehendbehavioursof humanbeingsthrough intimateunderstandingof their goals(Sharf,2012). Thisformof therapyfocuseson individuals’effortsto compensatetheir self-perceived inferiorityto others, which in mostcasesarederivedfrom individuals’positionin familyconstellations.After properunderstandingof individualbehaviours,Adlerian therapyprovidesinsightful andimplementable techniquesthat helpclientsbecomemoreawareof their self.Thetherapists offerhonestfeedbacks to clients,on howto dealwith life,helpingthem to modifybehaviours(Sharf,2012). employsthepositivetheoryapproachprovidingencouragementandworkswellin helpingindividualswith mentaldisorderssuchas conductdisordersandanxiety(Goldenberg&amp Herbert, 2013).

Adleriantherapyhasbeenupdatedover theyears,becomingmoreadaptive hencecan workwith children,teens andparents,teachingthem on howcontroltheir fate.It holdsthatpeoplehavea guidingself-ideal imagesof perfectionstowards which theystrive,henceseeksto understandhumanbehaviourby appreciatingtheir goals.Thistherapyacknowledgesthatindividuals’lifestyles aremostlyformedin earlierlivesbutare affectedby latterevents,therebyrelatingindividualslifestyle to birthorder(Goldenberg&amp Herbert, 2013). Ittheorisesthathumannaturedepends on personalinterpretationof experience,ratherthan on theexperienceitself. In thisview,Adlerian therapist aimsat identifyingandreframing individualsfaultyperceptions,which is essentialforattainingindividuals’mentalhealth.Additionally, theAdlerian therapyemphasiseson socialinterestsandcommunalfeelingamong individualssince itisbasedon selfandcommunalawareness,andsignifiesmentalhealth(Sharf,2012). Thisis because,communalawarenessmakesindividualsmoreconnectedwithin thesociety,makingthem engagein healthyshared activities,which decreasethesenseof inferiority.Among thesharedsocialawarenessactivitiesincludefriendship,intimacyandsocietal contribution,allof which necessitatesthecapacityforfriendship,cooperationandself-worth (Sweeney,2009).

Duringtherapyindividuals’lifestyles, are analyzedthrough assessinganddiggingdeepinto earliermemories,dreamsas wellas otherpasteventsthat may contributeto currentlifestyles. Additionally, Adlerian therapists determineindividuals’priorities,andtogetherwith analysedpastevents,helpthetherapist to understandtheclient’sbehaviour.Analysinglifestyle of individualshelpstheAdlerian therapist to gaininsightsinto clientproblemsby determiningtheclients`basicassets andmistakes(Goldenberg&amp Herbert, 2013). After understandingclient`sbehaviours,therapists identifiesmisperceptions andmisdirectedgoalsandre-educates theclienton changingpersonalbehaviours,hencehealthyliving.Adlerian therapypremisesthatindividualpersonalitycan onlybeunderstoodsystematicallyandholistically, since individualsare indivisible whole(Sharf,2012).Theyare bornandlivingin particularfamiliarsocialandculturalcontexts,which greatly impacts on their behaviours.Ittheorisesthatpeoplefaresocialandcreativedecision-making beings,whoactwith purpose,which can bedescribedwithin contextsof their lives.Thistherapyassumesthatindividualscan onlythink,feelandactin relationto perceptionstowards achievingtheir goals.In thiscontext,individualscan be fullyunderstoodin thelightof knowingthegoalsandpurposetowards which eachstrives(Sweeney,2009).Additionally, decisionsare based on individualsexperiencesin presentsituations,wherebycontinuityislookedforby payingattentionto thegoalstowards which individualsstrivesto achievethroughout their lives(Goldenberg&amp Herbert, 2013). Adleriantherapists thenusea numberof activetechniquesthat focuson changingindividuals’beliefsandreorienting their viewof situationsandrelationshipsto attainrequiredchange(Sweeney,2009).

Asaforementioned, Adlerian therapyis neo-Freudian andassumesthathumanbehavioursare sociallymotivated andare purposefultowards attaininga particulargoal.Adleriantherapyseeksto understandhumanbehavioursby understandingpasteventssuchas dreamsandthoughts,which are believedto be thekeymotivators of humanbehaviours.TheAdlerian theorypremisesthatindividuals’behaviourscan onlybeunderstoodholistically andsystematicallyin relationto thewidersociety,which manis bornandbred.Thetheoryfurtherassumesthathumanbeingsfeel,actorthinkin relationto perceptionstowards achievingtheir goals.In thisview,humanbehaviourscan be understoodby understandingthegoalstowards which theystrive.Understandinghumanbehaviourswill be importantin changingmisperceptions andmisdirectedgoals,which is essentialin helpingindividualswith mentaldisorderssuchas conductdisordersandanxiety.Thisformof therapyhas beenupdatedover theyears,becomingmoreadaptive, andcan workwith children,teens andparents,teachingthem on howcontroltheir fate.

References

Goldenberg,Irene, and Herbert G., (2013). FamilyTherapy: An Overview.Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole,CengageLearning.

Sharf,Richard S. (2012). Theoriesof Psychotherapy and Counseling: Concepts and Cases.Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Sweeney,T.(2009)AdlerianCounseling and Psychotherapy: A Practitioner`s Approach(5thed), Newyork: Routledge.