Abnormal psychology


First part


  1. Prodromal- occurs in the initial stage of Schizophrenia. The phase is well known for characteristics such as confusion and the need to be alone. People with the disorder at this stage like staying alone away from friends and family (Maj, 2013).

Active- this is mainly the second phase of Schizophrenia andit is known by the presence of hallucinations, delusions and abnormalchanges in behavior. Psychiatrists have stated that immediatetreatment is necessary at this stage. It is also evident fromresearch that patients at this are psychotic (Maj, 2013).

Residual- it is the last of Schizophrenia disorder and itscharacteristics are said to be almost similar to those of Prodromalstage. The patient may manifest withdrawal from friends and familyand may also exhibit some odd religious and philosophical beliefs(Maj, 2013).

  1. At late teenage ages and early adult years

  2. Psychosis

  3. – withdrawal from friends and family

  • lack of motivation

  1. Delusion disorder and brief psychotic disorder are different in certain specific ways. Whereas delusion disorder is imminent with non-bizarre traits associated with life such as love brief psychotic disorder is characterized by traits such as delusions, hallucinations and disorganized speech. Brief psychotic disorder has is mainly caused by extreme stressing conditions (Maj, 2013).

  2. Cluster A personality disorder- this disorder is largely known for abnormal behaviors and an example is paranoid personality disorder.

Cluster B personality disorder- this is a disorder that hasbeen known for extreme emotional responses to other people and anexample is the antisocial personality disorder.

Cluster C personality disorder- this cluster has disordersthat are prevalent with fearful behaviors and examples includeavoidant personality disorder.

  1. Suicide assessment is a process that is carried out by psychiatrists to find out the chances of a person with suicide thoughts committing suicide. The psychiatrist must develop a trustworthy relationship between him and the patient. Various factors are put into consideration such as the age of the patient, gender, social needs and alcohol or drug use. This process is carried out in instances where the patient indicates any likelihood of committing suicide. It is done to avert any plans of committing suicide.

  2. There is a huge difference between external and internal childhood disorders. It is clear from research that internal disorders cannot be identified physically and their symptoms are internal. On the other hand, external disorders show their symptoms and can be identified from the behavior of the child.

  3. Disruptive Mood Dysregulation is a disorder that is common in children and it is characterized by frequent outbursts of temper. It interferes with the concentration of such children in school and at home (Maj, 2013).

  4. Bulimia and anorexia are similar in various ways but there some major differences. Anorexia is characterized by little food intake and people with this disorder have warped perceptions with regard to their weight. Bulimia is characterized by enormous consumption of food and it is followed by induced vomiting to reduce calories.

AssignmentPart two

Case1: Joe

Thiscase is about Joe who is a drunkard and who sleeps in the streets. Heis also an engineer who is currently not working after being firedtwo years ago due to excessive drinking. He is also a divorcee afterbeing left by his after four years ago due to drinking. The casepresents a serious problem of drinking that is affecting Joe. It isalso evident that Joe has a psychological problem and he is evencontemplating suicide. Additionally, his drinking has also affectedhis ability to make sound judgments. It was found out that Joe wassleeping on the streets and that he had no home. He had also informeda nurse that he was contemplating suicide. It was also found out thatJoe was a divorcee and he had no job despite being an engineer. Itwas also additionally found out that he had left his home when he wasonly 18 and has never gone back. He lacked proper care from theparents and received no advice and direction in life. The history ofthe patient presents a father who was also a drunkard and abusive. Itis essential to have a plan that would ensure that Joe reduces andfinally stops his drinking habit. A plan of care should be made whereJoe visits a psychiatrist at least twice a month to register hisprogress with regard to drinking.

Casetwo: Lucy

Thiscase is about a girl named Lucy who has an outburst of temper whenprovoked or when she is corrected. It is clear from the case that shethreatens to kill her teacher when she tries to correct her. It isalso clear that she has the responsibility of taking care of herlittle sibling since her parents are both busy at work. It is evidentfrom the case that Lucy has a problem of a disorder called disruptivemood Dysregulation. It was found out that Lucy does not like takingcare of her brother since it denies her time to hang out with friendsduring weekends in the shopping malls. This has made her to havenegative behaviors such as shoplifting in the shopping malls. It wasalso found out that Lucy’s parents have left the responsibility oftaking care of their son to Lucy due to their tight schedule. Herhistory indicates that she an extremely clever student and that shecan score an A in her examinations. Additionally, the distress thatshe is going through has made her lose weight and also she finds itextremely difficult to sleep. He parents do not have a history of anydisorder and therefore whatever she is going through might be as aresult of lack of sufficient care. The plan of care that Lucy needsshould ensure that she is relieved of the duties of taking care ofher sibling and should also spend more time with her friends. Sheneeds a plan that ensures she has therapeutic sessions every twoweeks from a professional psychiatrist.

Casethree: Mike

Itis abundantly clear from the case that Mike is young person and whathe is suffering from is a disorder known as schizophrenia. This ischaracterized by hallucinations and delusions like the ones Mike isexhibiting. It was found out that Mike has been complaining of peoplecoming for him especially at night. It is also known that Mike hasnot had a shower for an entire month. He fears the environment aroundhim, as well as the people around him. His history indicates that hecomes from a clean family whose members have no history of alcohol ordrug abuse. His mother is said to have depression and his father isalso a bi-polar. The plan of care should incorporate frequentcounseling sessions for Mike.


Maj,M. (2013).&nbspSchizophrenia. Chichester: John Wiley &ampSons.